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Review Questions. A. plants. B. evidence. C. photographs. D. theories.

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Presentation on theme: "Review Questions. A. plants. B. evidence. C. photographs. D. theories."— Presentation transcript:

1 Review Questions

2 A. plants. B. evidence. C. photographs. D. theories.

3 A. the study of life. B. controlled experiments. C. experimental data. D. a personal point of view.

4 A. the biosphere. B. rocks and minerals. C. changes in groups of organisms. D. reproduction and growth.

5 A. grow and develop. B. maintain a stable internal environment. C. change over time. D. reproduce asexually.

6 A. unable to adapt to their surroundings. B. based on an universal genetic code. C. made up of cells. D. diverse.

7 A. Hypothesis B. Inference C. Factor D. Theory

8 A. A way of posing a research question only. B. Used to organize data that is already known. C. An organized approach to problem solving. D. Used by all scientists in an identical way.

9 A. It is a collection of data designed to provide support for a prediction. B. It is an educated guess that can be tested by experimentation. C. It is a scientific fact that no longer requires any evidence to support it. D. It is a general statement that is supported by many scientific observations.

10 A. Research shows that other animals can be crossbred B. The offspring are given a new scientific name C. The biologist included a control in the experiment D. They can repeat the experiment and get the same results

11 A. Compound microscope B. Simple light microscope C. Electron microscope D. Ultracetrifuge

12 A. A cell’s nucleus B. A paramecium C. A DNA sequence D. A mitochondrion

13 A. neutron. B. ion. C. proton. D. electron.

14 A. lipids. B. amino acids. C. carbohydrates. D. nucleic acids.

15 A. Nitrogen and oxygen B. Oxygen and hydrogen C. Carbon and hydrogen D. Carbon and oxygen

16 A. Lipids B. Carbohydrates C. Proteins D. Nucleic acids

17 A. Amino acids B. Nucleotides C. Polysaccharides D. Cell units

18 A. Metabolic activities B. Heterotrophic nutrition C. Autotrophic nutrition D. Sexual reproduction

19 A. Cells  organelles  organs  organ systems  tissues B. Organelles  cells  tissues  organs  organ systems C. Tissues  organs  organ systems  organelles  cells D. Organs  organ systems  cells  tissues  organelles

20 A. Anton van Leeuwenhoek. B. Robert Hooke. C. Matthias Schleiden. D. Theodor Schwann.

21 A. light microscopes. B. dark microscopes. C. scanning electron microscopes. D. transmission electron microscopes.

22 A. cytoskeleton. B. endoplasmic reticulum. C. cell wall. D. cell membrane.

23 A. centrioles B. mitochondria C. Golgi apparatus D. lysosomes

24 A. osmosis B. bulk transport C. phagocytosis D. endocytosis

25 A. swell. B. burst. C. shrink. D. stay the same.

26 A. diffusion. B. water channel proteins. C. proteins that act like pumps. D. facilitated diffusion.

27 A. structure A B. structure B C. structure C D. structure D

28 A. Diffusion B. facilitated diffusion C. Osmosis D. active transport

29 A. Plants B. bacteria C. animals D. fungi

30 A. Osmosis of water molecules out of the cell. B. Osmosis of water molecules into the cell. C. Diffusion of salt molecules into the cell. D. Diffusion of salt molecules out of the cell.

31 A. Interdependence B. Synthesis C. Homeostasis D. Recombination

32 A. Taller bodies with larger cells B. Shorter bodies with fewer cells C. Multicellular bodies with many cells D. Multicellular bodies with fewer cells

33 A. Body cells and arteries B. Body cells and veins C. Veins and capillaries D. Body cells and capillaries

34 A. Over extremely long periods of time B. In a series of small steps C. All at once in a single burst D. Over a period of several days

35 A. oxygen. B. water. C. carbon dioxide. D. sugar.

36 A. Chlorophyll B. carotene C. thylakoid D. ATP synthase

37 A. autotrophs. B. heterotrophs. C. photosynthesizers. D. decomposers.

38 A. sugars and oxygen. B. ATP and NADP. C. oxygen and carbon dioxide. D. carbon dioxide and water.

39 A. mushroom B. wheat C. alga D. sunflower

40 A. thylakoids. B. plant cells. C. chloroplasts. D. all of the above

41 A. oxygen and carbon. B. high-energy sugars and proteins. C. ATP and oxygen. D. oxygen and high-energy sugars

42 A. light-independent reactions. B. photosynthesis reaction. C. light-dependent reactions. D. electron transport chain.

43 A. wind energy only B. sunlight only C. wind energy and sunlight D. sunlight and chemical energy

44 A. abiotic factors. B. biotic factors. C. antibiotic factors. D. temperate factors.

45 A. ecology. B. a biome. C. biomass. D. the biosphere.

46 A. pyramid of numbers. B. biogeochemical cycle. C. pyramid of biomass. D. limiting nutrient.

47 A. biogeochemical cycles. B. water cycles. C. energy pyramids. D. ecological pyramids.

48 A. species. B. community. C. ecosystem. D. biosphere.

49 A. heterotroph. B. carnivore. C. scavenger. D. autotroph.

50 A. Use energy to make their own food B. Eat first level consumers only C. Eat producers and consumers D. Add matter to the ecosystem

51 A. Toxins B. Water C. Energy D. Oxygen

52 A. Herbivore  sun  carnivore B. Sun  producer  herbivore C. Producer  sun  carnivore D. Carnivore  herbivore  sun

53 A. Producers B. Herbivores C. Decomposers D. Microbes

54 A. In a continuous cycle among trophic levels B. Back and forth between two trophic levels C. From a lower to higher trophic level only D. From a higher to a lower trophic level only

55 A. herbivores B. scavengers C. carnivores D. decomposers

56 A. Grass and algae B. Bacteria and algae C. Bacteria and fungi D. Plants and fungi

57 A. Low biodiversity B. Great biodiversity C. A small variety of organisms D. A small number of organisms

58 Answer:  Grass  grasshopper  frog  snake  fox  mountain lion

59 Answer: Tree, grass

60 Answer: Most: Deer, Caterpillar Other: Mountain Lion, Robin, Fox

61 Answer: Grasshopper bc. Each trophic level You loose 90% of energy

62 A. Illness B. Death C. Disease D. Stability

63 A. artificial selection B. fossil evidence C. adaptation D. none of the above

64 A. struggle for existence. B. variation and adaptations. C. survival of the fittest. D. natural selection.

65 A. analogous structure. B. homologous structure. C. vestigial structure. D. none of the above.

66 A. DNA evidence. B. fossil evidence. C. embryology. D. all of the above.

67 A. species B. order C. class D. kingdom

68 A. binomial nomenclature B. kingdoms C. domains D. species

69 A. Class B. Kingdom C. Family D. both A and C

70 A. Class and phylum B. Family and species C. Genus and species D. Genus and order

71 A. Embryology B. Taxonomy C. Morphology D. Biochemistry

72 A. Eubacteria and Archaea. B. Archaea and Bacteria. C. Eukarya and Bacteria. D. Archaea and Eukarya.

73 Answer: 1. Molted skeleton 2. Segmentation

74 Answer: Kingdom

75 Answer: Yes bc carnivores Are mammals and Mammals are chordates

76 Answer: No only bears

77 A. A behavioral difference among offspring. B. The struggle for existence among living things. C. Traits that are passed from one generation to the next. D. The gradual change in organisms over many years.

78 A. Artificial selection carried out by humans B. The fact that only the fittest organisms survive C. A sudden change in the genetic material of an organism D. Competition for resources such as food and water

79 A. Natural selection B. Artificial selection C. Genetic variation D. Acquired characteristics

80 A. adaptation. B. polygenic trait. C. homologous trait. D. derived character.

81 A. A new species moves into a habitat whenever another species becomes extinct. B. Present-day organisms on Earth developed from earlier, different organisms. C. Every period of time in Earth’s history had its own group of organisms. D. Every location on Earth’s surface has its own unique group of organisms.

82 A. Develop cultivated plants only B. Develop domesticated animals only C. Develop cultivated plants and domesticated animals D. Breed rare, wild animal species only

83 A. Can pass on to offspring new characteristics they acquired during their lifetimes B. Do not pass on to offspring any new characteristics they have acquired C. Are better adapted to conditions in the environment than other organisms are D. Tend to produce fewer offspring than others do within the same environment

84 A. rusty water. B. volcanic rock. C. sedimentary rock. D. the sap of ancient trees.

85 A. an organism’s structure B. an organism’s way of life C. an organism’s environment D. an organism’s DNA

86 A. Similarity of chemicals in all living things B. Distribution of species on the planet today C. Shapes and structures of living organisms D. Distribution of mountain ranges on Earth’s surface

87 A. Most of the organisms that lived on Earth in the past are now extinct. B. The struggle for existence between organisms results in genetic changes. C. Species occupying the same habitat have identical environmental needs. D. Structures such as leg bones and wing bones come from the same embryonic tissue.

88 A. Answer: Sirenians

89 A. Answer: 8 mm

90 A. Answer: The bigger the beak the better the survival rate.

91 A. Experimenting with pea plants B. Recognizing that traits are inherited C. Discovering the double helix structure of DNA D. Mapping the entire human genome


93 A. replication. B. translation. C. transcription. D. transformation.

94 A. incomplete dominance. B. polygenic inheritance. C. codominance. D. simple dominance.

95 A. a copy of the DNA molecule. B. a strand of RNA. C. a protein. D. a chromosome.

96 A. Makes it hard for the organism to survive B. Has absolutely no effect on the organism C. Changes the organism in an undetectable way D. Provides a sudden advantage that aids survival

97 A. Direction for making DNA B. Directions for making proteins C. The subunits of proteins D. Directions for making RNA

98 A. DNA  RNA  protein B. Protein  RNA  DNA C. Protein  DNA  RNA D. RNA  DNA  protein

99 A. A specific amino acid B. A specific base C. An RNA molecule D. An enzyme

100 A. One B. Two C. Three D. Four

101 A. Is specific for each type of organism B. Is the same for every type of organism C. Decreases from parent to offspring D. Increases from the parent to offspring

102 A. Reduction B. Restoration C. Replication D. Reproduction

103 A. Are cut in half twice B. Are equally divided C. Form a circle in the cell D. Spread through the cell

104 A. One daughter cell B. One parent cell C. Two daughter cells D. Two parent cells

105 A. A slower than normal cell division B. A complete stop to all cell division C. An uncontrolled type of cell division D. No changes in the genetic instructions

106 A. Two separate individuals are combined together B. One individual are transferred to another C. One parent only are copied for its offspring D. Two separate individuals are split apart

107 A. 23 B. 92 C. 46 D. 100

108 A. An egg cell B. A sperm cell C. A zygote D. A gamete

109 A. New body cells too B. Body cells and sex cells C. Sex cells only D. Red blood cells

110 A. Pink roses B. Fruit flies C. Siamese cats D. Pea plants

111 A. Version of a gene B. Specialized enzyme C. Subunit of DNA D. Three-base code

112 A. TT B. Tt C. tT D. tt Tt TTt t tt

113 A. phenotypes. B. genotypes. C. haploid chromosomes. D. codominant alleles


115 A. tetrad. B. genotype. C. phenotype. D. hybrid.

116 A. the offspring will be of medium height. B. all of the offspring will be tall. C. all of the offspring will be short. D. the offspring can be tall or short.

117 A. 25%. B. 50%. C. 75%. D. 100%.

118 A. incomplete dominance. B. polygenic traits. C. codominance. D. multiple alleles.

119 A. 1BB:2Bb:1bb B. 3Bb:1bb C. 2BB:2bb D. 2BB:1Bb:1bb

120 A. Group of similar alleles B. Photograph of chromosome pairs C. Cross between two plants or animals D. Pair of traits that are linked

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