Presentation on theme: "Review Questions. A. plants. B. evidence. C. photographs. D. theories."— Presentation transcript:
A. plants. B. evidence. C. photographs. D. theories.
A. the study of life. B. controlled experiments. C. experimental data. D. a personal point of view.
A. the biosphere. B. rocks and minerals. C. changes in groups of organisms. D. reproduction and growth.
A. grow and develop. B. maintain a stable internal environment. C. change over time. D. reproduce asexually.
A. unable to adapt to their surroundings. B. based on an universal genetic code. C. made up of cells. D. diverse.
A. Hypothesis B. Inference C. Factor D. Theory
A. A way of posing a research question only. B. Used to organize data that is already known. C. An organized approach to problem solving. D. Used by all scientists in an identical way.
A. It is a collection of data designed to provide support for a prediction. B. It is an educated guess that can be tested by experimentation. C. It is a scientific fact that no longer requires any evidence to support it. D. It is a general statement that is supported by many scientific observations.
A. Research shows that other animals can be crossbred B. The offspring are given a new scientific name C. The biologist included a control in the experiment D. They can repeat the experiment and get the same results
A. Compound microscope B. Simple light microscope C. Electron microscope D. Ultracetrifuge
A. A cell’s nucleus B. A paramecium C. A DNA sequence D. A mitochondrion
A. neutron. B. ion. C. proton. D. electron.
A. lipids. B. amino acids. C. carbohydrates. D. nucleic acids.
A. Nitrogen and oxygen B. Oxygen and hydrogen C. Carbon and hydrogen D. Carbon and oxygen
A. Lipids B. Carbohydrates C. Proteins D. Nucleic acids
A. Amino acids B. Nucleotides C. Polysaccharides D. Cell units
A. Metabolic activities B. Heterotrophic nutrition C. Autotrophic nutrition D. Sexual reproduction
A. Cells organelles organs organ systems tissues B. Organelles cells tissues organs organ systems C. Tissues organs organ systems organelles cells D. Organs organ systems cells tissues organelles
A. Anton van Leeuwenhoek. B. Robert Hooke. C. Matthias Schleiden. D. Theodor Schwann.
A. light microscopes. B. dark microscopes. C. scanning electron microscopes. D. transmission electron microscopes.
A. cytoskeleton. B. endoplasmic reticulum. C. cell wall. D. cell membrane.
A. centrioles B. mitochondria C. Golgi apparatus D. lysosomes
A. osmosis B. bulk transport C. phagocytosis D. endocytosis
A. swell. B. burst. C. shrink. D. stay the same.
A. diffusion. B. water channel proteins. C. proteins that act like pumps. D. facilitated diffusion.
A. structure A B. structure B C. structure C D. structure D
A. Diffusion B. facilitated diffusion C. Osmosis D. active transport
A. Plants B. bacteria C. animals D. fungi
A. Osmosis of water molecules out of the cell. B. Osmosis of water molecules into the cell. C. Diffusion of salt molecules into the cell. D. Diffusion of salt molecules out of the cell.
A. Interdependence B. Synthesis C. Homeostasis D. Recombination
A. Taller bodies with larger cells B. Shorter bodies with fewer cells C. Multicellular bodies with many cells D. Multicellular bodies with fewer cells
A. Body cells and arteries B. Body cells and veins C. Veins and capillaries D. Body cells and capillaries
A. Over extremely long periods of time B. In a series of small steps C. All at once in a single burst D. Over a period of several days
A. oxygen. B. water. C. carbon dioxide. D. sugar.
A. Chlorophyll B. carotene C. thylakoid D. ATP synthase
A. autotrophs. B. heterotrophs. C. photosynthesizers. D. decomposers.
A. sugars and oxygen. B. ATP and NADP. C. oxygen and carbon dioxide. D. carbon dioxide and water.
A. mushroom B. wheat C. alga D. sunflower
A. thylakoids. B. plant cells. C. chloroplasts. D. all of the above
A. oxygen and carbon. B. high-energy sugars and proteins. C. ATP and oxygen. D. oxygen and high-energy sugars
A. light-independent reactions. B. photosynthesis reaction. C. light-dependent reactions. D. electron transport chain.
A. wind energy only B. sunlight only C. wind energy and sunlight D. sunlight and chemical energy
A. abiotic factors. B. biotic factors. C. antibiotic factors. D. temperate factors.
A. ecology. B. a biome. C. biomass. D. the biosphere.
A. pyramid of numbers. B. biogeochemical cycle. C. pyramid of biomass. D. limiting nutrient.
A. biogeochemical cycles. B. water cycles. C. energy pyramids. D. ecological pyramids.
A. species. B. community. C. ecosystem. D. biosphere.
A. heterotroph. B. carnivore. C. scavenger. D. autotroph.
A. Use energy to make their own food B. Eat first level consumers only C. Eat producers and consumers D. Add matter to the ecosystem
A. Toxins B. Water C. Energy D. Oxygen
A. Herbivore sun carnivore B. Sun producer herbivore C. Producer sun carnivore D. Carnivore herbivore sun
A. Producers B. Herbivores C. Decomposers D. Microbes
A. In a continuous cycle among trophic levels B. Back and forth between two trophic levels C. From a lower to higher trophic level only D. From a higher to a lower trophic level only
A. herbivores B. scavengers C. carnivores D. decomposers
A. Grass and algae B. Bacteria and algae C. Bacteria and fungi D. Plants and fungi
A. Low biodiversity B. Great biodiversity C. A small variety of organisms D. A small number of organisms
Answer: Most: Deer, Caterpillar Other: Mountain Lion, Robin, Fox
Answer: Grasshopper bc. Each trophic level You loose 90% of energy
A. Illness B. Death C. Disease D. Stability
A. artificial selection B. fossil evidence C. adaptation D. none of the above
A. struggle for existence. B. variation and adaptations. C. survival of the fittest. D. natural selection.
A. analogous structure. B. homologous structure. C. vestigial structure. D. none of the above.
A. DNA evidence. B. fossil evidence. C. embryology. D. all of the above.
A. species B. order C. class D. kingdom
A. binomial nomenclature B. kingdoms C. domains D. species
A. Class B. Kingdom C. Family D. both A and C
A. Class and phylum B. Family and species C. Genus and species D. Genus and order
A. Embryology B. Taxonomy C. Morphology D. Biochemistry
A. Eubacteria and Archaea. B. Archaea and Bacteria. C. Eukarya and Bacteria. D. Archaea and Eukarya.
Answer: 1. Molted skeleton 2. Segmentation
Answer: Yes bc carnivores Are mammals and Mammals are chordates
Answer: No only bears
A. A behavioral difference among offspring. B. The struggle for existence among living things. C. Traits that are passed from one generation to the next. D. The gradual change in organisms over many years.
A. Artificial selection carried out by humans B. The fact that only the fittest organisms survive C. A sudden change in the genetic material of an organism D. Competition for resources such as food and water
A. Natural selection B. Artificial selection C. Genetic variation D. Acquired characteristics
A. adaptation. B. polygenic trait. C. homologous trait. D. derived character.
A. A new species moves into a habitat whenever another species becomes extinct. B. Present-day organisms on Earth developed from earlier, different organisms. C. Every period of time in Earth’s history had its own group of organisms. D. Every location on Earth’s surface has its own unique group of organisms.
A. Develop cultivated plants only B. Develop domesticated animals only C. Develop cultivated plants and domesticated animals D. Breed rare, wild animal species only
A. Can pass on to offspring new characteristics they acquired during their lifetimes B. Do not pass on to offspring any new characteristics they have acquired C. Are better adapted to conditions in the environment than other organisms are D. Tend to produce fewer offspring than others do within the same environment
A. rusty water. B. volcanic rock. C. sedimentary rock. D. the sap of ancient trees.
A. an organism’s structure B. an organism’s way of life C. an organism’s environment D. an organism’s DNA
A. Similarity of chemicals in all living things B. Distribution of species on the planet today C. Shapes and structures of living organisms D. Distribution of mountain ranges on Earth’s surface
A. Most of the organisms that lived on Earth in the past are now extinct. B. The struggle for existence between organisms results in genetic changes. C. Species occupying the same habitat have identical environmental needs. D. Structures such as leg bones and wing bones come from the same embryonic tissue.
A. Answer: Sirenians
A. Answer: 8 mm
A. Answer: The bigger the beak the better the survival rate.
A. Experimenting with pea plants B. Recognizing that traits are inherited C. Discovering the double helix structure of DNA D. Mapping the entire human genome
A. GATCCAT B. CTAGGTA C. ATGGATG D. TACCTAG
A. replication. B. translation. C. transcription. D. transformation.
A. incomplete dominance. B. polygenic inheritance. C. codominance. D. simple dominance.
A. a copy of the DNA molecule. B. a strand of RNA. C. a protein. D. a chromosome.
A. Makes it hard for the organism to survive B. Has absolutely no effect on the organism C. Changes the organism in an undetectable way D. Provides a sudden advantage that aids survival
A. Direction for making DNA B. Directions for making proteins C. The subunits of proteins D. Directions for making RNA
A. DNA RNA protein B. Protein RNA DNA C. Protein DNA RNA D. RNA DNA protein
A. A specific amino acid B. A specific base C. An RNA molecule D. An enzyme
A. One B. Two C. Three D. Four
A. Is specific for each type of organism B. Is the same for every type of organism C. Decreases from parent to offspring D. Increases from the parent to offspring
A. Reduction B. Restoration C. Replication D. Reproduction
A. Are cut in half twice B. Are equally divided C. Form a circle in the cell D. Spread through the cell
A. One daughter cell B. One parent cell C. Two daughter cells D. Two parent cells
A. A slower than normal cell division B. A complete stop to all cell division C. An uncontrolled type of cell division D. No changes in the genetic instructions
A. Two separate individuals are combined together B. One individual are transferred to another C. One parent only are copied for its offspring D. Two separate individuals are split apart
A. 23 B. 92 C. 46 D. 100
A. An egg cell B. A sperm cell C. A zygote D. A gamete
A. New body cells too B. Body cells and sex cells C. Sex cells only D. Red blood cells
A. Pink roses B. Fruit flies C. Siamese cats D. Pea plants
A. Version of a gene B. Specialized enzyme C. Subunit of DNA D. Three-base code
A. TT B. Tt C. tT D. tt Tt TTt t tt
A. phenotypes. B. genotypes. C. haploid chromosomes. D. codominant alleles
A. RR B. WW C. RW D. RRWW RR WRW W
A. tetrad. B. genotype. C. phenotype. D. hybrid.
A. the offspring will be of medium height. B. all of the offspring will be tall. C. all of the offspring will be short. D. the offspring can be tall or short.
A. 25%. B. 50%. C. 75%. D. 100%.
A. incomplete dominance. B. polygenic traits. C. codominance. D. multiple alleles.
A. 1BB:2Bb:1bb B. 3Bb:1bb C. 2BB:2bb D. 2BB:1Bb:1bb
A. Group of similar alleles B. Photograph of chromosome pairs C. Cross between two plants or animals D. Pair of traits that are linked