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Canadian Kids: Fit or Fat? Sally Sleiman and Stephanie Tacit.

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Presentation on theme: "Canadian Kids: Fit or Fat? Sally Sleiman and Stephanie Tacit."— Presentation transcript:

1 Canadian Kids: Fit or Fat? Sally Sleiman and Stephanie Tacit

2 What is Fit? In Good Physical Condition In Good Health Able to Easily Carry Out Everyday Routine/ Tasks

3 What Qualifies as Fat? Fat: Another Word for Obese (20% Over a Healthy Body Weight) Refers to an Excess Amount of Body Fat (Not Weight from Muscles, Bones, or Water Weight) Some People with Lots of Muscle Can be Overweight but not Obese

4 What is Fat? Main Fuel for the Body Main Fuel for the Body Recommendation: 30% of Daily Calories Come from Fat. Recommendation: 30% of Daily Calories Come from Fat. Monounsaturated Fat: Monounsaturated Fat: Not Essential Not Essential Lowers cholesterol Lowers cholesterol Liquid/Oil at Room Temp. Liquid/Oil at Room Temp. Polyunsaturated Fat: Polyunsaturated Fat: Essential Fat Build Hormones and Cell Wall Structures Lowers Blood Cholesterol Liquid/Oil at Room Temp.

5 What is Fat? Saturated Fats: Saturated Fats: Not Essential at All Not Essential at All Not Harmful in Small Amounts Not Harmful in Small Amounts Causes Heart Disease, High Blood Pressure, and Strokes in Large Amounts Causes Heart Disease, High Blood Pressure, and Strokes in Large Amounts Solid at Room Temp. Solid at Room Temp. Trans Fats: Trans Fats: Some Occur in Nature (Ruminants) Some Occur in Nature (Ruminants) Result of Hydrogenation (Vegetable Oil + Hydrogenation) Result of Hydrogenation (Vegetable Oil + Hydrogenation) Increases Food Shelf Life and Flavor Stability Increases Food Shelf Life and Flavor Stability Causes High Cholesterol, Heart Disease, Liver Dysfunction Causes High Cholesterol, Heart Disease, Liver Dysfunction Solid at Room Temp. Solid at Room Temp.

6 Am I Fat? BMI (Body Mass Index) BMI (Body Mass Index) calculated by dividing the subject's weight in kilograms by the square of his/her height in metres (BMI = kg / m2). calculated by dividing the subject's weight in kilograms by the square of his/her height in metres (BMI = kg / m2). A BMI less than 18.5 is underweight A BMI less than 18.5 is underweight A BMI of 18.5 - 24.9 is normal weight A BMI of 18.5 - 24.9 is normal weight A BMI of 25.0 - 29.9 is overweight A BMI of 25.0 - 29.9 is overweight A BMI of 30.0 - 39.9 is obese A BMI of 30.0 - 39.9 is obese A BMI of 40.0 or higher is severely (or morbidly) obese A BMI of 40.0 or higher is severely (or morbidly) obese Race, Ethnicity, Lean Mass (Muscularity), Age, Sex, Etc. Can Affect InterpretationI Race, Ethnicity, Lean Mass (Muscularity), Age, Sex, Etc. Can Affect InterpretationI Overestimates Body Fat in Muscular Persons Overestimates Body Fat in Muscular Persons Underestimates Body Fat of Persons Who Have Lost Body Mass Underestimates Body Fat of Persons Who Have Lost Body Mass

7 Am I Fat? Waist Circumference Waist Circumference Absolute Waist Circumference (Men: >102 cm; Women: >88 cm or Waist-Hip Ratio (Men: >0.9; Women: >0.85) Used As Measures of Obesity Absolute Waist Circumference (Men: >102 cm; Women: >88 cm or Waist-Hip Ratio (Men: >0.9; Women: >0.85) Used As Measures of Obesity Body Fat Measurement Body Fat Measurement Assesses % Body Fat (Men: > 25% body fat; Women: > 30% Body Fat Are Obese) Assesses % Body Fat (Men: > 25% body fat; Women: > 30% Body Fat Are Obese) Difficult to Measure Precisely Difficult to Measure Precisely Method: Weigh Person Underwater (Special Lab) Method: Weigh Person Underwater (Special Lab) Method: Skinfold Test: pinch of Skin is Precisely Measured to Determine Subcutaneous fat layer thickness (Specialist Clinics) Method: Skinfold Test: pinch of Skin is Precisely Measured to Determine Subcutaneous fat layer thickness (Specialist Clinics) Method: Bioelectric Impedance Analysis (Specialist Clinics) Method: Bioelectric Impedance Analysis (Specialist Clinics) Use Your Brain Use Your Brain People With Obesity Risks Can Usually be Identified By Eye (Doctor) People With Obesity Risks Can Usually be Identified By Eye (Doctor)

8 What Contributes to Being Fat? Genetics Genetics Eating Disorders Eating Disorders Too Much Junk Food Too Much Junk Food Binging Binging Lack of Activity Lack of Activity Lack of Mental Wellness (Stress) Lack of Mental Wellness (Stress) Insufficient Sleep Insufficient Sleep Quitting Smoking Quitting Smoking

9 Is Being Fat Really So Bad? Risk factors: Risk factors: Cardiovascular Disease Cardiovascular Disease Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 High Blood Pressure High Blood Pressure High Blood Cholesterol High Blood Cholesterol Sleep Apnea (No Breathing) Sleep Apnea (No Breathing) Correlations: Correlations: Congestive Heart Failure Congestive Heart Failure Menstrual Disorders Menstrual Disorders Infertility Infertility Fatty Liver Disease Fatty Liver Disease Gallstones Gallstones Hernia Hernia

10 Is Being Fat Really So Bad? Colorectal, Breast, and Uterine Cancer Urinary Incontinence Stretch Marks Cellulites Immobility Osteoarthritis Low Back Pain Stroke Headache Hypoventilation Asthma Depression Low Self Esteem

11 Benefits of Being Fit Short-Term: Short-Term: Healthy: Heart, Muscles, Bones, and Joints Healthy: Heart, Muscles, Bones, and Joints Increased Burning of Calories Increased Burning of Calories Better Ability to Cope with Stress Better Ability to Cope with Stress Long-Term: Long-Term: Improved Ability to Fall Asleep and Rest Well Improved Ability to Fall Asleep and Rest Well Strength and Ability to Carry Out Daily Activities Strength and Ability to Carry Out Daily Activities Less Stress and Anxiety Less Stress and Anxiety

12 Benefits of Being Fit More Energy More Energy More Mental Acuity (Thinking Sharper and Faster) More Mental Acuity (Thinking Sharper and Faster) Less Risk of: Less Risk of: Dying Early or After a Heart Attack Dying Early or After a Heart Attack Coronary Artery Disease Coronary Artery Disease High Blood Pressure High Blood Pressure Type 2 Diabetes Type 2 Diabetes Colon and Breast Cancer Colon and Breast Cancer Becoming Obese Becoming Obese Having a Stroke Having a Stroke

13 How Do I Get Fit? Healthy Diet Healthy Diet Follow Canada Food Guide Read Food Labels Treat Occasionally No Binging Regular Exercise Regular Exercise Reduce Sitting for Long Periods of Time Increase Strength, Flexibility, and Endurance Activities Accumulate 30 to 60 Minutes of Moderate Daily Activity (ie. Walking, Biking, House Chores, Swimming, Dancing, Water Aerobics) Healthy Lifestyle Healthy Lifestyle Take the Stairs, Bike Instead of Driving, Dont Eating Fast Food (Subs are Fast)

14 How Do I Get Fit? Sleep Sleep Most Adolescents Need 8.5 to 9 Hours of Sleep Most Adolescents Need 8.5 to 9 Hours of Sleep Consistent Sleep Schedule Consistent Sleep Schedule Active Mind Active Mind Thinking Uses up Energy! Thinking Uses up Energy! Losing Unhealthy Weight Losing Unhealthy Weight Use More Energy than You Consume Use More Energy than You Consume Lose 1 to 2 Pounds per Week Lose 1 to 2 Pounds per Week Eat!! Your Body Needs Food, or Else it Goes into Starvation Mode (Feeds Off of Muscle, Not Fat) Eat!! Your Body Needs Food, or Else it Goes into Starvation Mode (Feeds Off of Muscle, Not Fat) Set Realistic Goals Set Realistic Goals Inspiration Inspiration Baby Steps Baby Steps

15 Canadian Childrens Parents 6% Rated the Overall Health of Canadian Children A Grade At Least 40% Say They Believe Their Own Childs Level of Physical Activity and Diet Rates an A Grade 92% Supported Mandatory Physical Activity for Children in Schools

16 Canadian Childrens Parents 81% Favoured Removal of Junk Foods High in Sugar, Fat, and Salt from School Vending Machines 81% Favoured Removal of Junk Foods High in Sugar, Fat, and Salt from School Vending Machines 63% Support Tax Breaks on Purchases of Healthy Foods 63% Support Tax Breaks on Purchases of Healthy Foods 9% Considered Their Offspring Overweight 9% Considered Their Offspring Overweight

17 How Many Children Are Overweight/Obese?

18 Canadian Children 26% of Canadian Children are Overweight or Obese (Statistics Canada)

19 What Have We Done? Encouraged Children to Be More Active via Encouraged Children to Be More Active via Television Commercials Video Games that Require Physical Activeness Educating Children via School Guest Speakers Replacing Junk Food in School Vending Machines Replacing Junky Cafeteria Food (Putting in Healthier Options)

20 What Have We Done? Encouraged Parents to buy Healthy Foods via Encouraged Parents to buy Healthy Foods via Television Commercials Television Commercials Television Programs (ie. Honey, Were Killing the Kids) Television Programs (ie. Honey, Were Killing the Kids) Health Food Check Health Food Check Encouraged Parents to be Good Role Models for their Children Encouraged Parents to be Good Role Models for their Children

21 What Can We Do? Put Comprehensive School Programs into Place Emphasize Reduced Recreational Television, Computer and Video Game Use by Children, and Reduced Soft Drink Consumption by Children Offering Fiscal Incentives to Promote Healthy Lifestyles (Cheaper Healthy Foods)

22 What Can We Do? Put Up Gas Prices (Encourages Walking/Biking) Put Up Gas Prices (Encourages Walking/Biking) Developing Point of Decision Prompts for Physical Activity (Signs for Stairs at Elevators) Developing Point of Decision Prompts for Physical Activity (Signs for Stairs at Elevators) Community Events Promoting Physical Activity Community Events Promoting Physical Activity

23 Review

24 Bibliography http://www.kidshealth.org/parent/nutrition_fit/fitness/fitness_13_18.html http://www.kidshealth.org/parent/nutrition_fit/fitness/fitness_13_18.html http://www.hamiltonmountainnews.com/hmn/viewpoint/viewpoint_1204071.html http://www.hamiltonmountainnews.com/hmn/viewpoint/viewpoint_1204071.html http://nat.crgq.com/nutrients.html http://nat.crgq.com/nutrients.html http://www.tucsoncitizen.com/ss/taste/33350 http://www.tucsoncitizen.com/ss/taste/33350 http://www.canada.com/topics/bodyandhealth/story.html?id=ed336bd4-6b69-4d74-a5fd- 8c23600031b5 http://www.canada.com/topics/bodyandhealth/story.html?id=ed336bd4-6b69-4d74-a5fd- 8c23600031b5 http://chealth.canoe.ca/health_tools.asp?t=24&text_id=1862&channel_id=7&relation_id=339 8 http://www.wrongdiagnosis.com/o/overweight/complic.htm http://www.wrongdiagnosis.com/medical/fat.htm http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/fit http://bodyandhealth.canada.com/channel_health_features_details.asp?health_feature_id=61& article_id=118&channel_id=1055&relation_id=17520 http://bodyandhealth.canada.com/channel_health_features_details.asp?health_feature_id=61& article_id=118&channel_id=1055&relation_id=17520 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trans_fat http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trans_fat http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Obese http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Obese http://www.icb2001.com/Benefits_Of_Fitness.asp http://www.icb2001.com/Benefits_Of_Fitness.asp http://www.healthcheck.org/ http://www.healthcheck.org/


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