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REACH, articles and substances of very high concern (SVHC)

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Presentation on theme: "REACH, articles and substances of very high concern (SVHC)"— Presentation transcript:

1 REACH, articles and substances of very high concern (SVHC)
Compliance Obligations on Exporters Shrirang Bhoot Asst. General Manager (Technical Services) REACH Support, INDIA

2 About REACH Support Most sought after, one of its kind helpdesk in India Functions as the technical support centre of SSS (Europe) AB Clientele spread across Asia, Europe and growing steadily to other places Caters to over 800 companies presently Entire basket of REACH compliance services offered Providing Assessment & Certification services to various article exporters Professionals comprise of experts who have been following REACH regulation since the draft stages

3 Contents REACH in a nutshell Why is REACH compliance important
Articles within REACH REACH – Toys, Accessories and Embellishments SVHC & Restricted Substances (Annex XVII of the REACH regulation) REACH requirement for substances in article Notification obligation & Notification deadlines Communication Obligation Importance of supply chain communication Case examples

4 REACH – In a nutshell REACH - Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restriction of Chemicals This regulation requires information to be submitted to the European chemical agency (ECHA) on the properties of chemicals (exported as such) as well as chemicals contained in articles For exporters of chemicals, the major compliance process is REGISTRATION For exporters of articles, the compliance process is NOTIFICATION (though not in each case) 4

5 Why is REACH Compliance Important
First REACH deadline for high volume chemicals was 30th Nov’ 2010 Second REACH deadline will on 31st May’ 2013 As per the ECHA’s enforcement calendar, compliance of the articles with REACH will be enforced by the end of this year REACH compliance documentation essential for customs clearance Certification from a European legal entity preferred Certification can only be provided after assessment of the company’s supply chain 5

6 Articles within REACH Definition “an object which during production is given a special shape, surface or design which determines its function to a greater degree than its chemical composition” Toys are considered as articles within REACH as they come in various shapes & design imparting various functionalities 6

7 REACH - Accessories & Embellishments
Accessories include a variety of articles like Buttons, Zippers & Zippers Sliders, Rivets, Buckles, Beads, etc Embellishments include Flat metal embellishments, stone embellishment,, etc If accessories and embellishments are exported as such to Europe, they will be treated individually as articles Accordingly other REACH obligations also have to be complied with

8 Substances of very high concern (SVHC) (these are only the listed chemicals finalized by the technical experts of the European Member States based upon irrefutable scientific evidence of SVHC hazard)

9 What are SVHC Substances of very high concern are: PBT substances
vPvB substances CMR category 1, 2 substances Substances of equivalent concern (having endocrine disrupting properties) In a nutshell, substances very toxic to the human health and environment shall be categorized as SVHC

10 SVHC & Restricted Substances (Annex XVII) of REACH
ECHA has finalized 53 SVHC till date The complete list can be found at Annex XVII (52 substances & in some cases category of substances (Phthalates, PAHs, CMR substances in Annex I of EC/67/548) Restrictions on the Manufacture, Placing on the Market and Use of Certain Dangerous Substances, Preparations and Articles Name & category of chemicals Conditions of Restriction Annex XVII entry into effect from June ‘ 2009

11 Some restricted substances in toys
Toys or parts of toys containing the concentration of benzene (CAS No ) in the free state >5 mg/kg (0,0005 %) of the weight of the toy or part of toy cannot be placed on the EU market. Textile or leather toys and toys which include textile or leather garments cannot be placed on the EU market if the toy or its dyes parts contain Azocolourants and Azodyes which release certain restricted aromatic amines above 30 mg/kg (0,003 % by weight) during use. Toys and childcare articles containing following phthalates in a concentration > 0.1% by weight of the plasticised material cannot not be placed on the EU market bis (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP); CAS No dibutyl phthalate (DBP); CAS No benzyl butyl phthalate (BBP); CAS No Childcare articles containing Dioctyltin (DOT) compounds cannot be placed on the EU market after 1 January 2012 if the concentration of DOT is greater than the equivalent of 0,1 % by weight of tin.

12 REACH Requirements for Toy Exporters
There are essentially three requirements 1. Pre-registration & Registration of chemical released intentionally from the article during normal or foreseeable conditions of use provided: Release is intentional (e.g. – perfume from the toys) Intentional release – Deliberate and contributes to an added value of the article Chemical (which is released) is present in greater than one ton in the export consignment (per annum) The substance has not been registered for that use

13 Examples of intentional release from Toy
Scented toys – Fragrance chemicals added to provide freshness and good smell Pre-registration/registration seem highly unlikely for the majority of the toy exporters, except for similar cases as above. If there are such requirements applicable – Can be discussed on case by case basis

14 REACH Requirements for Substances in Article (Contd..)
2. Notification of SVHC if: SVHC is greater than 0.1% wt by wt (1000 ppm) and tonnage of SVHC exceeds 1 ton per annum in the annual exports of apparel to Europe 3. Communication of SVHC if: SVHC is greater than 0.1% wt by wt (1000 ppm) in article but less than 1 ton per annum Toy exporters need to confirm Notification or Communication obligations based upon a technical assessment of the chemical used in their entire production chain

15 Notification Requirements to the ECHA
The information to be notified includes the following: • The identity and contact details of the producer of article • The registration number (s) for the SVHC, if available • The identity of the SVHC (s) like name of the substance, CAS, EINECS No, etc • The classification of the SVHC, which will be available from the Agency • A brief description of the use (s) of the SVHC in the article and of the uses of the article (s) • The tonnage range of the SVHC, i.e tonnes, tonnes etc.

16 Notification Deadlines
For substances included in the SVHC list before 1 December 2010, the notifications have to be submitted not later than 1 June 2011 If Notification applies but has not been done, it is mandatory to complete the Notification before exporting article to avoid penalties For substances included in the SVHC list on or after 1 December 2010, the notifications have to be submitted no later than 6 months after the inclusion in candidate list

17 Communication Requirements to the ECHA
The recipient of the article with sufficient information to allow safe use of the article including, as a minimum, the name of the substance” Only for SVHC on the ‘Candidate List’ No tonnage limit (i.e. also applies below 1 ton/year) REACH Article 33(2) Consumers can request the same information. The information should be provided within 45 days, free of charge.

18 Dyes/Pigments used in Toys
What to look out for Establishing the chemical identity (proper chemical name) Look out for the presence of SVHC in the dye and restriction conditions applicable If yes, determine the quantity present in the dye (light to dark shades) Preliminary estimations suggest that the thresholds mentioned in REACH will not be exceeded In exceptional cases, even if thresholds are exceeded, exporter needs to submit NOTIFICATION to ECHA This completes the REACH obligations and the same dye can be used for dyeing

19 Accessories & Embellishments
What to look out for Identify the metallic and chemical inputs Check for the SVHC and restriction conditions applicable If any SVHC is found to be present, check out for the thresholds See if there are Notification or Communication requirements If yes, proceed with the Notification Get a REACH compliance certificate and continue with the same supply chain

20 Importance of supply chain communication
If the entire production chain is in-house, get the supply chain inventorized for all chemical inputs If certain operations like dyeing/printing are outsourced, ask for the details of the chemicals used in these operations and make a note of the same For the accessories and embellishments used in the toys, ask the suppliers for the raw materials used in their production If the suppliers cite confidentiality as the reason for not sharing the details, share with them the SVHC list & request them to give you an undertaking that none of the SVHC is used PLEASE REMEMBER – It is very important to get the entire supply chain scanned for the chemicals used during production of the export article (finished and packed toys)

21 Is PACKAGING an article? YES
The toys can be packaged in cardboard boxes, plastic bags, paper, etc. Packaging is considered as a separate article within REACH Exporters also have obligation to check for SVHC and restricted chemicals in packaging Important to check the chemical used like paints, etc used to mark the packaging If an SVHC is present, the obligations for the packaging would be the same as for the toy However, if the packaging ends up as waste in Europe, no separate obligation exists for the packaging

22 How to calculate the SVHC thresholds (EXAMPLE)
Intentional Release Consider a scented doll containing chemical lotion Wt of 1 doll gm Wt of chemical in this doll gm Amount of chemical that shall be intentionally released 06 gm Number of dolls exported to Europe (1 calendar year) 10,000 Total wt of the annual export 10,00,000 gm (1000 kg) Total quantity that shall be intentionally released 60 kg Intentional release quantity less than 1000 kg or 1 ton. Thus NO PRE-REGISTRATION & REGISTRATION obligation of the exporter of this innerwear

23 How to calculate the SVHC thresholds (EXAMPLE)
No Intentional release but SVHC present Consider a cuddly toy containing Cobalt dichloride, an SVHC used as mordant dye Wt of 1 cuddly toy gm Wt of chemical in this cuddly toy 20 gm %wt/wt %wt/wt Cuddly toys exported to Europe (1 calendar year) 10,000 pieces Total wt of the annual export 30,00,000 gm (3000 kg) Total quantity of chemical in the annual export 200 kg Thus NO NOTIFICATION obligation (since total quantity is less than 1 ton per annum) but obligation of COMMUNICATION since %wt/wt exceeds 0.1% (6.6%)

24 In Summary: REACH Compliance Management
Use cost effective non-analytical approaches for ascertaining presence of SVHC Articles with Intentional release To follow Pre-Registration , SIEF, data sharing, data ownership, Registration, Export declaration, SDS, etc. Substance in Article with > 0.1% SVHC Info in supply chain – SDS & eSDS Substance in Articles with > 0.1% SVHC ; > 1 tpa Info in supply chain – SDS / eSDS Notification to ECHA Conduct testing only for confirmatory purposes

25 Thank You! Questions are Welcome Contact Details
For further details, my contact Shrirang Bhoot and Thank You! Questions are Welcome

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