Presentation on theme: "Are they helpful or harmful?"— Presentation transcript:
1 Are they helpful or harmful? FungiAre they helpful or harmful?
2 Traits of FungiMost fungi have cells with a cell wall and more than one nucleusMost are
3 Traits of Fungi They are either: . Saprobes – feed on material from previously living things (shoes, dead trees, dead animals etc.) orParasites – which eat or derive there energy from living things..
4 Traits of Fungi To reproduce, they send out spores instead of seeds. Carry pieces of broken hyphae to new placesForm Buds in which a small part of the parent grows into a new organism.
5 Traits of Fungi Most are multicellular Some like yeasts are unicellular
9 Kinds of FungiSporangia-produce spores at the end of treelike structures called hyphae. (ex. Hyphae)
10 Kinds of FungiClub Fungi - have hyphae that form branches underground. They have club shaped parts that produce spores.
11 Kinds of FungiSac Fungi – produce spores in sac-like structures.
12 Helpful Fungi Food – mushrooms Used to make cheese – Blue Cheese Used to make wine, beer, and whiskey (Yeast)Used to make bread riseUsed to make soy sauce from soy beansUsed to break down materials and recycle wastes and dead organismsUsed to make certain drugs (ex. Penicillin)
19 Harmful Fungus Cause food spoilage Cause plant disease such as rusts, Dutch Elm Disease, and mildewCause Human diseases such as Ring Worm, Athlete’s Foot, Thrush, lung Infections, and Yeast InfectionsDestroy leather, fabrics, plastics, etc.