Presentation on theme: "An overview of the Hydroplate Theory Dr. Walt Brown"— Presentation transcript:
1An overview of the Hydroplate Theory Dr. Walt Brown Truth or Dogma?An overview of the Hydroplate Theory Dr. Walt Brown
2Truth or Dogma?You’ve been taught in your science classes up to this point that Plate Tectonics and “seafloor spreading” explain the geological state of the world today.
3Truth or Dogma?If I could demonstrate to you a scientific explanation for the world around you thatExplains every major geologic feature, as well as features of near-Earth astronomy…Fits the facts better than any other explanation available…Is a radical departure from the current stagnant dogma of the “scientific community”…Would you be open to it?
4Predominant Theory of Geology: Plate Tectonics The Earth’s crust rides on great plates that are constantly spreading apart and subducting under.
5Predominant Theory of Geology: Plate Tectonics This is the explanation of the Mid-Oceanic Ridge.
6Predominant Theory of Geology: Plate Tectonics Originally, this theory required only five to seven plates. Now that has expanded to hundreds of plates being necessary to accommodate the theory.
7Predominant Theory of Geology: Plate Tectonics Mid Oceanic RidgeThis is where spreading must occurThere are overlapping regionsThere are intersecting axial rifts!
8Predominant Theory of Geology: Plate Tectonics How do the plates move?Subduction?Physically impossible!
9Predominant Theory of Geology: Plate Tectonics The slabs represented below are 30 to 60 miles thick.
10Predominant Theory of Geology: Plate Tectonics The pressure on any rock deeper than 5 miles will cause the rock to flow if not contained.
11Predominant Theory of Geology: Plate Tectonics It is impossible for any plate to ever depress deeper than five miles.No subducting plate could begin subduction.
12Predominant Theory of Geology: Plate Tectonics What force moves the plates?If plates are subducting, what force causes the plates to subduct?
13Predominant Theory of Geology: Plate Tectonics Even without the flowing feature of rock, the pressure of 30 mile thickness of rock from the overriding plate would prevent any movement of the subducting plate.
14Predominant Theory of Geology: Plate Tectonics There is no material strong enough to withstand this great pressure, nor no force great enough to overcome the magnitude of the friction and great pressure to move a plate.
15Predominant Theory of Geology: Plate Tectonics It’s physically (scientifically) impossible.
16Predominant Theory of Geology: Plate Tectonics Continental ShelvesWhy is there a continental shelf?What geologic process created them?
17Predominant Theory of Geology: Plate Tectonics Oceanic TrenchesWhy are there Deep Trenches in the Pacific?…but not in the Atlantic?How did these form?Why is there continental material on the Pacific floor?
18Predominant Theory of Geology: Plate Tectonics EarthquakesIt’s where the plates rub together or one subducts under the other, right?Then why are there many powerful ones far from plate boundaries, and so deep, the rock should be clay-like.
19Predominant Theory of Geology: Plate Tectonics Magnetic ReversalsNot reversals at all!Intensity fluctuationsSome perpendicular to the ridge
20Predominant Theory of Geology: No explanation for Submarine CanyonsV-shaped. Why?They seem to be extensions of existing rivers…Up to 15,000 feet below sea level!
21Predominant Theory of Geology: No explanation for Submarine CanyonsLarge River likeAmazonBeachContinental ShelfBeachThe “drop-off”What cut this deep V gouge in the Continental shelf 15,000 feet below sea level?Ocean surface
22Predominant Theory of Geology: No explanation for Submarine CanyonsContinental ShelfThe “drop-off”Ocean surfaceLarge River like AmazonWhat cut this deep V gouge in the Continental shelf up to 15,000 feet below sea level?Beach
23Predominant Theory of Geology: No explanation for Geologic AnomaliesCoal and oil in AntarcticaMethane in iceIce Age (s)Requires heavy precipitation AND…Extended and extreme cold temperatures…at the same time!That’s a contradiction!
24Predominant Theory of Geology: No explanation for Frozen MammothsFleshy remainsQuickly frozenFood in mouth and stomachMany of them crushedVirtually all of them suffocated
25Predominant Theory of Geology: No explanation for MountainsCrumpled and buckledFolded sedimentsHow do sedimentary layers of rock fold?
26Predominant Theory of Geology: No explanation for Metamorphic rockRequires flowing waterIn traditional Geology, where is this necessary ingredient?
27Predominant Theory of Geology: No explanation for PlateausRaised areas of the EarthAppear to be floating on the rock beneath them
28Predominant Theory of Geology: No explanation for LimestoneMade from calcium carbonateRequires carbonThere is too much calcium carbonate to have come from known processes. There is no adequate source for the carbon!
29Predominant Theory of Geology: No explanation for OverthrustsHorizontal sliding for miles and milesToo much frictionMaterials (rock) not strong enough to be pushed or pulled with the friction that would be presentAnd yet, they’re not crushed
30Predominant Theory of Geology: No explanation for Salt DomesWhat is the source of all the salt?How did the salt all get collected together?Why is it a dome shape?
31Predominant Theory of Geology: Inadequate explanation for Volcanoes & LavaWhat is the source of magma?The Earth’s crust is 6 to 60 miles thickAll cracks lower than 5 miles are squeezed shut!The mantle is over 1800 miles thick and is solid material before you get to the molten core of the Earth.
32Predominant Theory of Geology: Inadequate explanation for Geothermal HeatWhat caused the magma for volcanoes?Near-crust magma is unassociated with the molten coreWhy is the Earth’s core molten?Earth’s crust appears to have never been molten
33Predominant Theory of Geology: Inadequate explanation for SedimentsStratified layers of rock — how did that happen?“Billions of dead things buried in rock layers laid down by water all over the Earth”
34Predominant Theory of Geology: What you were probably taught… Jigsaw Fit of the ContinentsPangaeaThey took liberties with this graphic. To be valid, all the “squares” must be equivalent. Compare Africa, North America, and South America.Also, much continental mass is missing between North and South America.
35Predominant Theory of Geology: What you were probably taught… Jigsaw Fit of the ContinentsPangaeaIf the continents were all packed together like this, what did the rest of the earth look like?This represents less than ¼ of the earth’s surface, and it would have been on just ¼ of the earth. Was the rest of the earth merely covered with water?
36Predominant Theory of Geology: What you were probably taught… Jigsaw Fit of the ContinentsNot as good a fit as you were led to believeIf you consider the continents with the continental shelves, the fit is rather poor.
37Predominant Theory of Geology: A different perspective Jigsaw Fit of the ContinentsThere is a much better fit of the continents against the base of the mid-Atlantic Ridge
38Predominant Theory of Geology: A different perspective Jigsaw Fit of the ContinentsYes, the continents were at one time connected, butThey were connected by rock that is no longer present.Where did the rock go?
39Predominant Theory of Geology: What you were probably taught… Layered FossilsFossils represent animals in previous eras of the Earth’s historyThe lower strata and fossils are earlier times and the higher strata and fossils are more recent.Strata and fossils were laid down over millions of years.
40Predominant Theory of Geology: A different perspective Fossil RealitiesFossils are rarely formed todayAnimals and plants decay. Fossils must be rapidly buried.Fossils of sea life are found on every major mountain range.How did they become buried way up in the mountains?
41Predominant Theory of Geology: No explanation for… Change in Tilt of Earth’s AxisThis has been measured and documentedAs nearly as they can tell, it began about 2345 BC
42Predominant Theory of Geology: What you were probably taught… Asteroids, Meteoroids, and CometsAsteroids: Likely an exploded PlanetMeteoroids: Possibly remnants of that same exploded planetComets: Came from the Oort cloud. A ring of comet material surrounding the Solar System
43Predominant Theory of Geology: A different perspective Asteroids, Meteoroids, and CometsAsteroids: an exploded Planet?The total mass of all asteroids is less than 0.05% of the Earth’s mass. Combining all the asteroids would hardly produce a planet.Comets: Oort cloud?An Undetectable ring of comet material surrounding the Solar SystemOldest comet can be no more than 5000 years oldConclusion: The Oort cloud exists because it mustNo hyperbolic orbits
44How to Evaluate Theories* ProcessParsimonyPrediction*In the Beginning…, 7th Edition, Dr. Walter Brown, pp.98-99
45How to Evaluate Theories ProcessIf a theory can explain all relevant observations better than any other proposed explanation, confidence in the explanation increases.If the starting conditions and operation of physical laws (all known processes) should have produced results that are not present, then confidence decreases.
46How to Evaluate Theories ParsimonyThe use of few assumptions. The simplest explanation.Few assumptions that explain many things indicates a good theory. The more assumptions, the less credible the theory. If more assumptions have to be added as the theory is explored, it becomes less credible.
47How to Evaluate Theories PredictionA good theory allows you to predict unusual things if you look in the right places and make the right measurements. Verified predictions increase confidence in the explanation.
48How to Evaluate Theories “Scientific explanations are never certain or final, and the overused word ‘prove’ is never justified except possibly in mathematics or a court of law.” **In the Beginning…, 7th ed., Dr. Walter Brown, p.99
49Hydroplate Theory Assumptions of the Hydroplate Theory There is only oneSubterranean water¾ mile thick layer of supercritical water containing a large amount of dissolved salt, minerals, and carbon dioxide, 10 miles below the Earth’s surface in interconnected chambers. Granite above, basalt below.
50Yes, this is a flood theory. Hydroplate TheoryDid I say WATER?Yes, this is a flood theory.A global flood.
51Hydroplate Theory Did I say WATER? Yes, this is a flood theory. A global flood.“A global flood would require HUGE amounts of water!”Yes.
52Hydroplate TheoryThis flood was not your typical sewer backup or river overflowing its banks.Hurricane Katrina and its flooding aftermath was an infinitesimal speck compared to this.This was the greatest catastrophic event ever to occur on the Earth.
53Hydroplate Theory “We’re talking Noah’s flood, right?” “Well, if Noah’s flood was real…Where’d the water come from?andWhere’d the water go?”
54Hydroplate Theory Four Phases Rupture phase Flood phase Continental Drift phaseRecovery phase
55Hydroplate Theory Rupture phase Where did the water come from? The subterranean water was released.PressureFailure — A crack – It likely began where the Atlantic Ocean is todayPropagation at 2 miles per second (7200 mph).
56Hydroplate Theory Rupture phase “The fountains of the great deep.” (Genesis 7:11)
57Hydroplate Theory Rupture phase Initial stresses were relieved when the crack circled the Earth in two to three hours.One end of the crack ran into the path left by the other end forming a T or Y shape.
58Hydroplate Theory Rupture phase Material was ejected out of the crack that encircled the globe.
59Hydroplate Theory Rupture phase The most powerful jetting water and debris, rock, mud, and water forming ice escaped the Earth’s gravity and became comets, asteroids, and meteors.
60Hydroplate Theory Flood phase The powerful upward-jetting water eroded both sides of the 46,000 mile long rupture an average of 800 miles wide.The bottom portions of the exposed cliffs continually crumbled and collapsed, adding to the debris in the jetting fountains.Where the lower portion eroded, once the subterranean water was depleted, the rock sloped downward and formed the continental shelves.
61Hydroplate Theory Flood phase Continental Shelves High velocity water and debris flowing out from beneath the crust eroded the edges of the continents, creating sloping continental shelves.
62Hydroplate Theory Flood phase About 35% of the debris was from the basalt floor.All the eroded material gave the water a muddy consistency which settled out over the surface in a matter of days, burying many dead animals, which became most of the world’s fossils.Through a process called Liquefaction, this sediment and its contents got sorted and stratified.
63Hydroplate Theory Flood phase Some of the debris-laden water fell as huge masses of extremely cold, muddy hail which buried, suffocated, and froze many animals including mammoths.This material did not stratify and is the source of “muck,” loess (pronounced “lerse”), and Yedomas today.
64Hydroplate Theory Flood phase The escaping water was hot. It tended to rise to the top and evaporate.As the water evaporated, salt and other minerals precipitated out.
65Hydroplate Theory Flood phase Movements frequently caused less dense layers to flow upward through more dense layers, resulting in salt-domes.Sediments settled on the precipitated salt.
66Hydroplate Theory Flood phase Decrease of pressure in the chamber water caused a release of carbon dioxide resulting in a precipitation of limestone.Uprooted vegetation accumulated in masses; sometimes sorted into layers. Later, these were compressed and heated, forming coal and oil.
67Hydroplate Theory Continental Drift phase The basalt layer in the earth is normally compressed by the overlying rock.The overlying rock was blown away.Believe it or not, rock is slightly elastic. The more compression, the more reaction when the compressive forces are removed; the basalt buckled upward.
68Hydroplate Theory Continental Drift phase The basalt Layer in the Atlantic buckled up and rose 10 miles!This created slopes on each side of the rupture.
69Hydroplate Theory Continental Drift phase Mid-Oceanic Ridge As the floor rose, it stretched as a balloon stretches when its radius increases. This stretching produced cracks parallel and perpendicular to the Mid-Oceanic Ridge.
70Hydroplate Theory Continental Drift Phase Mid-Oceanic Ridge Parallel cracks were caused simply by the radius of the bulge being greater than the rocks’ former radius. Perpendicular cracks were caused by the material covering a greater Earth circumference than it once did.
71Hydroplate Theory Continental Drift phase The American plates started to move away from the Euro/African plates, lubricated by the underlying water.The hydroplates accelerated away from the widening Atlantic. This movement lasted for about a day, and then met with resistance.
72Hydroplate Theory Continental Drift phase The American plates started to slide away from the Euro/African plates, lubricated by the underlying water.The hydroplates accelerated away from the widening Atlantic.This movement lasted for about a day, and then met with resistance.
73Hydroplate Theory Continental Drift phase What stopped the sliding? Resistance that was the result ofDepletion of the underlying waterCollision with something elseOn deceleration, each plate experienced a compression event; buckling, crushing, and thickening each plate. This squeezed up mountains, made overthrusts, and trapped water in large voids underneath.
74Hydroplate Theory Continental Drift phase Friction at the base of the skidding plates generated immense heat, enough to melt rock and produce large volumes of magma.Effects of this melted rock produced marble, diamonds, lava outpourings, and volcanic activity.Volcanoes are from magma chambers generated by this deceleration, not the molten core.
75Hydroplate Theory Continental Drift phase In the mean time, after the Atlantic floor rose, the mass of the Earth shifted toward the Atlantic.The continental area where the Pacific is today buckled toward the Atlantic about 25 minutes after the Atlantic floor rose. This formed deep trenches, and sank the continental landmass which produced the Pacific ocean we see today.
76Hydroplate Theory Continental Drift phase There is continental crust found in the Pacific floor.This subsidence of the mass through the earth toward the Atlantic caused massive heating and produced the Earth’s molten core.
77Hydroplate Theory Recovery phase Where did the water go? As the compression event took place on a given continent, the continents thickened and rose out of the water. This caused the flood waters to begin to recede.At some point portions of the subterranean water were choked off.
78Hydroplate Theory Recovery phase Flood waters collected in the newly-opened basins between the continents.Sea level immediately after the flood was several miles lower than today. This allowed for land bridges that no longer exist.Draining flood waters eroded deep channels which are now major rivers, as well as submarine canyons.
79Hydroplate Theory Recovery phase Submarine Canyons Water draining at a rapid rate from the continents as they thickened and rose carved deep gouges at the edges of the continents.Continental ShelfThe “drop-off”Ocean surfaceLarge River like AmazonBeach
80Hydroplate Theory Recovery phase Thickened hydroplates applied greater pressure to the basalt floor than the ocean water. The plates sank over time and caused the ocean levels to rise, isolating animals to various continents.
81Hydroplate Theory Recovery phase It took many years (hundreds) after the flood for things to settle into equilibrium. Many of these processes continue even today.
82The Genesis Flood was approximately 2348 BC. Hydroplate TheoryRecovery phaseRemember I mentioned a change in Tilt of Earth’s Axis?Scientists say it began about 2345 BCThe Genesis Flood was approximately 2348 BC.Hmmmm…
83Hydroplate Theory Recovery phase The sudden formation of mountains altered the Earth’s balance. This caused the Earth to roll about 45° so the pre-flood North pole moved to what is now Central Asia. This is why coal and lush vegetation (as well as mammoth and other animal remains) are found in arctic regions. They were temperate regions before the flood.
84Hydroplate TheoryRecovery phaseEarth’s big roll…
85Hydroplate Theory Recovery phase Continental basins, filled with water, became inland seas.
86Hydroplate Theory Recovery phase Over time, many of these inland seas eroded through their walls and carved gouges in the earth such as the Grand Canyon.
87Hydroplate Theory Recovery phase As mountains sank toward their equilibrium depth, in the same way a person sinks into a waterbed, pressure under the crust on each side of the mountains caused plateaus to rise.
88That was a quick overview of the Hydroplate theory. In it, we explained:The Flood:Where the water came fromWhere the water wentMid-Oceanic ridgeContinental platesSubmarine canyonsMagma/volcanoesFossilsLimestoneMammothsCoal and Oil formationsOverthrustsContinental shelvesGeothermal heatEarth’s molten coreSalt DomesJigsaw fit of the continentsPlateausGrand Canyon and othersOcean trenchesChanging tilt of the Earth’s axisComets and Meteroids
89The Hydroplate Theory also explains Why a circle has 360°PlumesChimney RocksSorting of FossilsMagma/volcanoesCraters on the MoonEarthquakesMethane in IceIce AgeStratification of Rock layersAsteroid beltComposition of Sedimentary RockNinety East RidgeGraniteVarvesFlattened fishMuck, Yedomas, and LoessAbsence of hyperbolic cometsWhy Subduction cannot happen…and much more!
90Hydroplate TheoryYou can read about all of this in detail online in the pre-release of the 8th edition, including approximately 33% more information than the 7th edition, at…