Presentation on theme: "Truth or Dogma? An overview of the Hydroplate Theory Dr. Walt Brown www.creationscience.com."— Presentation transcript:
Truth or Dogma? An overview of the Hydroplate Theory Dr. Walt Brown
Truth or Dogma? Youve been taught in your science classes up to this point that Plate Tectonics and seafloor spreading explain the geological state of the world today.
If I could demonstrate to you a scientific explanation for the world around you that –Explains –Explains every major geologic feature, as well as features of near-Earth astronomy… –Fits –Fits the facts better than any other explanation available… –Is –Is a radical departure from the current stagnant dogma of the scientific community… Would you be open to it?
Predominant Theory of Geology: Plate Tectonics The Earths crust rides on great plates that are constantly spreading apart and subducting under.
This is the explanation of the Mid-Oceanic Ridge.
Originally, this theory required only five to seven plates. Now that has expanded to hundreds of plates being necessary to accommodate the theory.
Mid Oceanic Ridge –This –This is where spreading must occur –There –There are overlapping regions are intersecting axial rifts!
Predominant Theory of Geology: Plate Tectonics How How do the plates move? –Subduction? –Physically –Physically impossible!
Predominant Theory of Geology: Plate Tectonics The slabs represented below are 30 to 60 miles thick.
The pressure on any rock deeper than 5 miles will cause the rock to flow if not contained.
It is impossible for any plate to ever depress deeper than five miles. No subducting plate could begin subduction.
What What force moves the plates? –If –If plates are subducting, what force causes the plates to subduct?
Predominant Theory of Geology: Plate Tectonics Even without the flowing feature of rock, the pressure of 30 mile thickness of rock from the overriding plate would prevent any movement of the subducting plate.
There is no material strong enough to withstand this great pressure, nor no force great enough to overcome the magnitude of the friction and great pressure to move a plate.
Its physically (scientifically) impossible.
Continental Shelves Why Why is there a continental shelf? What What geologic process created them?
Predominant Theory of Geology: Plate Tectonics Oceanic Trenches Why Why are there Deep Trenches in the Pacific? …but not in the Atlantic? How How did these form? Why Why is there continental material on the Pacific floor?
Predominant Theory of Geology: Plate Tectonics Earthquakes –Its –Its where the plates rub together or one subducts under the other, right? –Then –Then why are there many powerful ones far from plate boundaries, and so deep, the rock should be clay-like.
Predominant Theory of Geology: Plate Tectonics Magnetic Reversals –Not –Not reversals at all! –Intensity –Intensity fluctuations –Some –Some perpendicular to the ridge
Predominant Theory of Geology: No explanation for Submarine Canyons V-shaped. Why? They seem to be extensions of existing rivers… Up to 15,000 feet below sea level!
Predominant Theory of Geology: No explanation for Submarine Canyons Beach Continental Shelf The drop-off Ocean surface Large River like Amazon What cut this deep V gouge in the Continental shelf 15,000 feet below sea level? Beach
Predominant Theory of Geology: No explanation for Submarine Canyons Continental Shelf The drop-off Ocean surface Large River like Amazon What cut this deep V gouge in the Continental shelf up to 15,000 feet below sea level? Beach
Predominant Theory of Geology: No explanation for Geologic Geologic Anomalies –Coal –Coal and oil in Antarctica –Methane –Methane in ice –Ice –Ice Age (s) Requires Requires heavy precipitation AND… Extended Extended and extreme cold temperatures… at the same time! Thats Thats a contradiction!
Predominant Theory of Geology: No explanation for Frozen Mammoths –Fleshy –Fleshy remains –Quickly –Quickly frozen –Food –Food in mouth and stomach –Many –Many of them crushed –Virtually –Virtually all of them suffocated
Predominant Theory of Geology: No explanation for Mountains –Crumpled –Crumpled and buckled –Folded sediments –How –How do sedimentary layers of rock fold?
Predominant Theory of Geology: No explanation for Metamorphic rock –Requires –Requires flowing water –In –In traditional Geology, where is this necessary ingredient?
Predominant Theory of Geology: No explanation for Plateaus –Raised –Raised areas of the Earth –Appear –Appear to be floating on the rock beneath them
Predominant Theory of Geology: No explanation for Limestone –Made –Made from calcium carbonate Requires Requires carbon –There –There is too much calcium carbonate to have come from known processes. There is no adequate source for the carbon!
Predominant Theory of Geology: No explanation for Overthrusts –Horizontal –Horizontal sliding for miles and miles Too Too much friction Materials Materials (rock) not strong enough to be pushed or pulled with the friction that would be present –And –And yet, theyre not crushed
Predominant Theory of Geology: No explanation for Salt Domes –What –What is the source of all the salt? –How –How did the salt all get collected together? –Why –Why is it a dome shape?
Predominant Theory of Geology: Inadequate explanation for Volcanoes & Lava –What –What is the source of magma? –The –The Earths crust is 6 to 60 miles thick –All –All cracks lower than 5 miles are squeezed shut! –The –The mantle is over 1800 miles thick and is solid material before you get to the molten core of the Earth.
Predominant Theory of Geology: Inadequate explanation for Geothermal Heat –What –What caused the magma for volcanoes? Near-crust Near-crust magma is unassociated unassociated with the molten core –Why –Why is the Earths core molten? –Earths –Earths crust appears to have never been molten
Predominant Theory of Geology: Inadequate explanation for Sediments –Stratified –Stratified layers of rock how did that happen? –Billions –Billions of dead things buried in rock layers laid down by water all over the Earth
Predominant Theory of Geology: What you were probably taught… Jigsaw Fit of the Continents –Pangaea They took liberties with this graphic. To be valid, all the squares must be equivalent. Compare Africa, North America, and South America. Also, much continental mass is missing between North and South America.
Predominant Theory of Geology: What you were probably taught… Jigsaw Fit of the Continents –Pangaea This represents less than ¼ of the earths surface, and it would have been on just ¼ of the earth. Was the rest of the earth merely covered with water? If the continents were all packed together like this, what did the rest of the earth look like?
Predominant Theory of Geology: What you were probably taught… Jigsaw Fit of the Continents –Not –Not as good a fit as you were led to believe –If –If you consider the continents with the continental shelves, the fit is rather poor.
Predominant Theory of Geology: A different perspective Jigsaw Fit of the Continents –There –There is a much better fit of the continents against the base of the mid-Atlantic Ridge
Jigsaw Fit of the Continents –Yes, –Yes, the continents were at one time connected, but –They –They were connected by rock that is no longer present. –Where –Where did the rock go? Predominant Theory of Geology: A different perspective
Predominant Theory of Geology: What you were probably taught… Layered Fossils –Fossils –Fossils represent animals in previous eras of the Earths history –The –The lower strata and fossils are earlier times and the higher strata and fossils are more recent. –Strata –Strata and fossils were laid down over millions of years.
Predominant Theory of Geology: A different perspective Fossil Realities –Fossils –Fossils are rarely formed today –Animals –Animals and plants decay. Fossils must be rapidly buried. –Fossils –Fossils of sea life are found on every major mountain range. How How did they become buried way up in the mountains?
Predominant Theory of Geology: No explanation for… Change in Tilt of Earths Axis –This –This has been measured and documented –As –As nearly as they can tell, it began about 2345 BC
Predominant Theory of Geology: What you were probably taught… Asteroids, Meteoroids, and Comets –Asteroids: –Asteroids: Likely an exploded Planet –Meteoroids: –Meteoroids: Possibly remnants of that same exploded planet –Comets: –Comets: Came from the Oort cloud. A ring of comet material surrounding the Solar System
Predominant Theory of Geology: A different perspective Asteroids, Meteoroids, and Comets –Asteroids: –Asteroids: an exploded Planet? The The total mass of all asteroids is less than 0.05% of the Earths mass. Combining all the asteroids would hardly produce a planet. –Comets: –Comets: Oort cloud? An An Undetectable ring of comet material surrounding the Solar System Oldest Oldest comet can be no more than 5000 years old Conclusion: Conclusion: The Oort cloud exists because it must No No hyperbolic orbits
How to Evaluate Theories* Process Process Parsimony Parsimony Prediction Prediction *In the Beginning…, 7 th Edition, Dr. Walter Brown, pp.98-99
How to Evaluate Theories Process Process If a theory can explain all relevant observations better than any other proposed explanation, confidence in the explanation increases. If the starting conditions and operation of physical laws (all known processes) should have produced results that are not present, then confidence decreases.
How to Evaluate Theories Parsimony Parsimony The use of few assumptions. The simplest explanation. Few assumptions that explain many things indicates a good theory. The more assumptions, the less credible the theory. If more assumptions have to be added as the theory is explored, it becomes less credible.
How to Evaluate Theories Prediction Prediction A good theory allows you to predict unusual things if you look in the right places and make the right measurements. Verified predictions increase confidence in the explanation.
How to Evaluate Theories Scientific explanations are never certain or final, and the overused word prove is never never justified except possibly in mathematics or a court of law. * *In the Beginning…, 7 th ed., Dr. Walter Brown, p.99
Hydroplate Theory Assumptions Assumptions of the Hydroplate Theory There is only one –Subterranean –Subterranean water ¾ mile thick layer of supercritical water containing a large amount of dissolved salt, minerals, and carbon dioxide, 10 miles below the Earths surface in interconnected chambers. Granite above, basalt below.
Hydroplate Theory Did I say WATER? Yes, this is a flood theory. A global flood.
Did I say WATER? Yes, this is a flood theory. A global flood. A global flood would require HUGE amounts of water! Yes.
This flood was not your typical sewer backup or river overflowing its banks. Hurricane Katrina and its flooding aftermath was an infinitesimal speck compared to this. This was the greatest catastrophic event ever to occur on the Earth.
Were talking Noahs flood, right? Well, if Noahs flood was real… Whered the water come from? and Whered the water go?
Four Four Phases –Rupture –Rupture phase –Flood –Flood phase –Continental –Continental Drift phase –Recovery –Recovery phase
Hydroplate Theory Rupture Rupture phase Where did the water come from? The subterranean water was released. –Pressure –Failure –Failure A crack – It likely began where the Atlantic Ocean is today –Propagation –Propagation at 2 miles per second (7200 mph).
Hydroplate Theory Rupture phase Rupture phase –The fountains of the great deep. (Genesis 7:11)
Hydroplate Theory Rupture Rupture phase Initial stresses were relieved when the crack circled the Earth in two to three hours. One end of the crack ran into the path left by the other end forming a T or Y shape.
Hydroplate Theory Rupture Rupture phase Material was ejected out of the crack that encircled the globe.
Hydroplate Theory Rupture Rupture phase The most powerful jetting water and debris, rock, mud, and water forming ice escaped the Earths gravity and became comets, asteroids, and meteors.
Hydroplate Theory Flood Flood phase The powerful upward-jetting water eroded both sides of the 46,000 mile long rupture an average of 800 miles wide. The bottom portions of the exposed cliffs continually crumbled and collapsed, adding to the debris in the jetting fountains. Where the lower portion eroded, once the subterranean water was depleted, the rock sloped downward and formed the continental shelves.
Hydroplate Theory Flood Flood phase Continental Continental Shelves High velocity water and debris flowing out from beneath the crust eroded the edges of the continents, creating sloping continental shelves.
Hydroplate Theory Flood Flood phase About 35% of the debris was from the basalt floor. All the eroded material gave the water a muddy consistency which settled out over the surface in a matter of days, burying many dead animals, which became most of the worlds fossils. Through a process called Liquefaction, this sediment and its contents got sorted and stratified.
Hydroplate Theory Flood Flood phase Some of the debris-laden water fell as huge masses of extremely cold, muddy hail which buried, suffocated, and froze many animals including mammoths. This material did not stratify and is the source of muck, loess (pronounced lerse), lerse), and Yedomas today.
Hydroplate Theory Flood Flood phase The escaping water was hot. It tended to rise to the top and evaporate. As the water evaporated, salt and other minerals precipitated out.
Hydroplate Theory Flood phase Flood phase Sediments settled on the precipitated salt. Movements frequently caused less dense layers to flow upward through more dense layers, resulting in salt-domes.
Hydroplate Theory Flood Flood phase Decrease of pressure in the chamber water caused a release of carbon dioxide resulting in a precipitation of limestone. Uprooted vegetation accumulated in masses; sometimes sorted into layers. Later, these were compressed and heated, forming coal and oil.
Hydroplate Theory Continental Drift phase The basalt layer in the earth is normally compressed by the overlying rock. The overlying rock was blown away. Believe it or not, rock is slightly elastic. The more compression, the more reaction when the compressive forces are removed; the basalt buckled upward.
Hydroplate Theory Continental Continental Drift phase The basalt Layer in the Atlantic buckled up and rose 10 miles! This created slopes on each side of the rupture.
Hydroplate Theory Continental Continental Drift phase Mid-Oceanic Ridge As the floor rose, it stretched as a balloon stretches when its radius increases. This stretching produced cracks parallel and perpendicular perpendicular to the Mid-Oceanic Ridge.
Hydroplate Theory Continental Continental Drift Phase Mid-Oceanic Ridge Parallel cracks were caused simply by the radius of the bulge being greater than the rocks former radius. Perpendicular cracks were caused caused by the material covering a greater greater Earth circumference than it once did.
Hydroplate Theory Continental Continental Drift phase The American plates started to move away from the Euro/African plates, lubricated by the underlying water. The hydroplates accelerated away from the widening Atlantic. This movement lasted for about a day, and then met with resistance.
Hydroplate Theory Continental Continental Drift phase The American plates started to slide away from the Euro/African plates, lubricated by the underlying water. The hydroplates accelerated away from the widening Atlantic. This movement lasted for about a day, and then met with resistance.
Hydroplate Theory Continental Continental Drift phase What stopped the sliding? Resistance that was the result of –Depletion –Depletion of the underlying water –Collision –Collision with something else On deceleration, each plate experienced a compression event; buckling, crushing, and thickening each plate. This squeezed up mountains, made overthrusts, and trapped water in large voids underneath.
Hydroplate Theory Continental Continental Drift phase Friction at the base of the skidding plates generated immense heat, enough to melt rock and produce large volumes of magma. Effects of this melted rock produced marble, diamonds, lava outpourings, and volcanic activity. Volcanoes are from magma chambers generated by this deceleration, not the molten core.
Hydroplate Theory Continental Continental Drift phase In the mean time, after the Atlantic floor rose, the mass of the Earth shifted toward the Atlantic. The continental area where the Pacific is today buckled toward the Atlantic about 25 minutes after the Atlantic floor rose. This formed deep trenches, and sank the continental landmass which produced the Pacific ocean we see today.
Hydroplate Theory Continental Continental Drift phase There is continental crust found in the Pacific floor. This subsidence of the mass through the earth toward the Atlantic caused massive heating and produced the Earths molten core.
Hydroplate Theory Recovery Recovery phase Where did the water go? As the compression event took place on a given continent, the continents thickened and rose out of the water. This caused the flood waters to begin to recede. At some point portions of the subterranean water were choked off.
Hydroplate Theory Recovery Recovery phase Flood waters collected in the newly-opened basins between the continents. Sea level immediately after the flood was several miles lower than today. This allowed for land bridges that no longer exist. Draining flood waters eroded deep channels which are now major rivers, as well as submarine canyons.
Hydroplate Theory Recovery Recovery phase Submarine Canyons Water draining at a rapid rate from the continents as they thickened and rose carved deep gouges at the edges of the continents. Continental Shelf The drop- off Ocean surface Large River like Amazon Beach
Hydroplate Theory Recovery Recovery phase Thickened hydroplates applied greater pressure to the basalt floor than the ocean water. The plates sank over time and caused the ocean levels to rise, isolating animals to various continents.
Hydroplate Theory Recovery Recovery phase It took many years (hundreds) after the flood for things to settle into equilibrium. Many of these processes continue even today.
Hydroplate Theory Recovery Recovery phase –Remember –Remember I mentioned a change in Tilt of Earths Axis? –Scientists –Scientists say it began about 2345 BC The Genesis Flood was approximately 2348 BC. Hmmmm…
Hydroplate Theory Recovery Recovery phase The sudden formation of mountains altered the Earths balance. This caused the Earth to roll about 45° 45° so the pre-flood North pole moved to what is now Central Asia. This is why coal and lush vegetation (as well as mammoth and other animal remains) are found in arctic regions. They were temperate regions before the flood.
Hydroplate Theory Recovery phase Recovery phase Earths big roll…
Hydroplate Theory Recovery Recovery phase Continental basins, filled with water, became inland seas.
Hydroplate Theory Recovery Recovery phase Over time, many of these inland seas eroded through their walls and carved gouges in the earth such as the Grand Canyon.
Hydroplate Theory Recovery Recovery phase As mountains sank toward their equilibrium depth, in the same way a person sinks into a waterbed, pressure under the crust on each side of the mountains caused plateaus to rise.
Hydroplate Theory That was a quick overview of the Hydroplate theory. In it, we explained: Overthrusts Continental shelves Geothermal heat Earths molten core Salt Domes Jigsaw fit of the continents Plateaus Grand Canyon and others Ocean trenches Changing Changing tilt of the Earths axis Comets and Meteroids The Flood: Where the water came from Where the water went Mid-Oceanic ridge Continental plates Submarine canyons Magma/volcanoesFossilsLimestoneMammoths Coal and Oil formations
Hydroplate Theory The Hydroplate Theory also explains Asteroid belt Composition of Sedimentary Rock Ninety East Ridge GraniteVarves Flattened fish Muck, Yedomas, and Loess Absence of hyperbolic comets Why Subduction cannot happen Why a circle has 360° Plumes Chimney Rocks Sorting of Fossils Magma/volcanoes Craters on the Moon Earthquakes Methane in Ice Ice Age Stratification of Rock layers …and much more!
Hydroplate Theory You can read about all of this in detail online in the pre-release of the 8 th 8 th edition, including approximately 33% more information than the 7 th 7 th edition, at…