Presentation on theme: "The ROAD often TRAVELLED by YOUTH"— Presentation transcript:
1 The ROAD often TRAVELLED by YOUTH Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D.Licensed PsychologistServing the Sexually Abused & ExploitedEngedi Refuge - Royal Family KIDS - Agape International MissionBecca C. Johnson, Ph.D.
2 About Presenter Licensed Psychologist 25 years Specialize in trauma, sexual abuse and sex traffickingAuthor of books on child abuse, guilt and angerLive in Washington state, married with 4 childrenBecca C. Johnson, Ph.D.
5 GOALS Increase AWARENESS Encourage EMPATHY Inspire to ACTION Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D.
6 No Strings AttachedAn activity demonstrating the many broken relationships (and traumas) experienced by victimsBecca C. Johnson, Ph.D.
7 LIST: The TRAUMAS The FEELINGS The THOUGHTS & BELIEFS Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D.
8 Do you know her (him)? She’s been abused or is very desperate. She’s been blamed & shamed.She’s been rejected, neglected.She’s been deceived, coerced, assaulted, manipulated, raped &/or sold.She’s been told lies and forced to do despicable things.She’s a VICTIM!Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D.
9 Do you know her?She’s your neighbor, niece, daughter or son’s friend,…She should be studying in school.She’s desperate for:LOVEFAMILY & BELONGINGShe’s young and immature, and doesn’t know what love is or what a healthy relationship looks like…She’s in your program.Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D.
10 DISCOUNT HIERARCHY by Peg Flandreau West, 1989 ExistenceThere is NO PROBLEM.SignificanceThere is a PROBLEM but it’s NOT a BIG ONE.SolvabilityThere is a problem, it is big BUT, it CANNOT be SOLVED.SelfThere is a problem, it is big and it can be solved BUT NOT BY ME.WHERE are you?Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D.
11 There IS a problem, it IS BIG and I can help solve it! Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D.
13 Statistics: Human Trafficking Top 3 Criminal Activities worldwide =1. Weapon/Arms sale2. Drug sales3. Human TraffickingEstimated 27 million people enslaved worldwide: 80% women and children
14 Types of Human Trafficking Labor TraffickingForeignAdult or MinorDomesticMarriage/Adoption: sex &/or laborBonded/Debt ServantSex TraffickingMarriage/Adoption– sex &/or laborOther TraffickingChild SoldiersInvoluntary Organ DonorDrug Mule
15 YOUTH CHALLENGES - TRAUMAS FatherlessnessPovertyBroken familiesDrug InvolvementAbandonmentExploitationHomelessnessLost childhoodGang violenceChild neglect/abuseGender oppressionEducation problemsPornographyLack of hope________________These are some of the issues we will be discussing in the future as well as training onBecca C. Johnson, Ph.D.
16 LOSSES and Intervention Points Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D.
17 LOSSES: “Normal” Enjoyment Meaning Sense of self Belonging Faith MoralityStabilityBoundariesFamilyMotivationSupportCommunication skillsFriendsNurturingTreasuresFutureRespectTrustConfidenceHealthy relationshipsSafetyVirginityContentmentSecurityControlHopeDignityIdentityDreamsInnocenceEducationMaterial possessionsLOSSES:Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D.
18 Why ARE emotionally Healing PROGRAMS Important? Understanding Trauma Traumatic experiences can be dehumanizing, shocking or terrifying… and often include betrayal of a trusted person or institution and a loss of safety….[Trauma is a] psychologically wounding experience that induces powerlessness, fear, recurrent hopelessness and a constant state of alert.(National Center on Trauma-Informed Care)Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D.
20 Trauma Events Continuum One’s trauma reactions depend on a variety of factors including age, gender, life experiences, culture, religious beliefs, support system, and more. Individuals experience trauma in different ways and degrees regardless of where it falls on the continuum. Trauma reactions are generally more severe as one moves up the arrow, with trauma symptoms becoming more pronounced and recovery services and support requiring more time. (This diagram focuses on trauma events rather than individual trauma experiences such as divorce, death of a loved one, medical procedures…)(BCJohnson, 2011)Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D.
21 Trauma Continuum BCJohnson, 2011 One Person – One Event (not person to person) Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D.
22 Trauma Continuum BCJohnson, 2011 One Person – One Event (person to person) Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D.
23 Trauma Continuum BCJohnson, 2011 One Person – MANY Experiences (person to person) Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D.
24 Trauma Continuum BCJohnson, 2011 One Person – MANY Experiences (person to person) Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D.
25 Complex Trauma’s Instability (BCJohnson, 2011)MULTIPLICITYINSTABILITYINABILITYBumper cars and Team StabilizationBecca C. Johnson, Ph.D.
26 Complex trauma, that of multiple and/or prolonged traumatic events, results in emotional dysregulation, loss of safety and loss of the ability to detect or respond to danger cues.(Herman, 1992)Victims suffering from complex trauma often experience depression, anxiety, self-hatred, dissociation, substance abuse, despair, and somatic ailments. They are also at higher risk for self-destructive and risk-taking behaviors, re-victimization, and experience difficulties with interpersonal and intimate relationships (Courtois, 2004)Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D.
27 Attachment—difficulties with relationships, boundaries, trust, affect attunement. Biology—increased medical problems, somatization.Affect or emotional regulation—difficulty identifying, expressing and/or controlling emotions.Dissociation—alterations in states of consciousness, amnesia, depersonalization and de-realization.Behavioral control—poor impulse control, eating and substance use problems, aggressive, oppositional, compliant, self- destructive.Cognition—problems with perceptions, understanding, sustained attention.Self-concept—low self-esteem, guilt and shame.(Cook, Blaustein, Spinazzola, & van der Kolk, 2003)Trauma SymptomsBecca C. Johnson, Ph.D.
28 Inner VoicesA drama by Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D., Licensed Psychologist Serving the Sexually Abused and ExploitedBecca C. Johnson, Ph.D.
29 The LIES of Trauma: Sexual Abuse and Exploitation Compiled by Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D., Licensed PsychologistBecca C. Johnson, Ph.D.
31 The LIES I’m worthless. I’ll never change. I’m a nobody. God is impotent (can’t help).I don’t deserve anything good.God doesn’t care (won’t help).I deserve this.God doesn’t exist.This is as good as it gets.Life won’t or can’t get any better.It’s my fault.He really does love me.I can’t trust anyone.My feelings don’t matter.No one will help nor can help.Good things won’t happen to me.No one cares.I am to Blame.I can’t do anything right.I chose this life.I can’t make good decisions.Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D.
32 The LIES I should have tried harder. I’m so stupid. I should have known better.People use and abuse me, even those who say they love or care about me.I’ll never be good for anything.All I’m good at/for is sex.I gotta be tough and not let things bother me.I must not let things bother me.I must hide or ignore my feelings.Love hurts.This is what I deserve.I‘ve got to take care of others.It’s helpless (the situation).I can’t trust myself.I’m helpless.Everyone thinks like he does (the abuser)I’m hopeless.This is as good as it gets.I am a bad person (worthless).This IS my life.Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D.
33 The LIES – Challenging our Beliefs Self–worth?Effort?Love – able?Reality of LOVE?Hope – less?Trust?Help – less?Feelings?Blame & Shame!Nature of Human RelationshipsChoice?Add to the list:Abilities?___________________God’s goodness?____________________‘Karma’ (bad)Human kindness?Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D.
34 Victim Reality: Common Feelings from an Uncommon Experience DistrustingDown-troddenDestroyedDependentDemeanedDetachedDream-lessDisposableDumbDepressedDehumanizedDeadDiscouragedDefiledDissociativeDevastatedDevaluedDoubt-filledDejectedDeceived(BCJohnson, 2012)Damaged-goodsDirtyDisregardedDesperateDemoralizedDisconnectedBecca C. Johnson, Ph.D.
35 SocietY Vs God Perspectives Society GODrebellious belovedrunaways son/daughtertrouble-maker preciousdeviant special_____________________ _____________________Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D.
37 THIS is who you work with. T.R.A.C.,THIS is who you work with.Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D.
38 T.R.A.C., You intervene. You do prevention. You make a difference. Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D.
39 The ROAD often TRAVELLED by YOUTH Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D.Licensed PsychologistServing the Sexually Abused & ExploitedEngedi Refuge - Royal Family KIDS - Agape International MissionBecca C. Johnson, Ph.D.