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Industrial-Organizational psychology in the Americas: Past & future trends Harold Takooshian, APA International Psychology.

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Presentation on theme: "Industrial-Organizational psychology in the Americas: Past & future trends Harold Takooshian, APA International Psychology."— Presentation transcript:

1 Industrial-Organizational psychology in the Americas: Past & future trends Harold Takooshian, APA International Psychology

2 Overview 1.International origins of scientific today: indigenous (193) + specialized (52) 3.I-O today in the North America today 4.Origins of I-O in North America 5.I-O today in South v North America 6.The future of U.S. I-O : 3 trends 7. Conclusion

3 1a. International origins of 1879 Wundt: Germany 1881 Ochorowicz: Poland 1889 International Exposition: France

4 1b. Paris international expo 1889 !

5 1c. International By 1889 had developed many specialties covering specialty areas (criminal studies, education, psychopathology, psychophysics, therapy) and phenomena (amnesia, hypnosis, hallucinations, learning, perception). In 1889 several scholars and scientists decided to hold the International Congress of Physiological in Paris.

6 2a. : Indigenous and specialized Indigenous: National (193 nations) 1885 Russia (125 th anniversary in 2010) 1892 USA (APA) Specialized: In every nation In APA, 54 divisions. Division 52 (1997)= International Division 14 (1945)= I-O

7 3. I-O today in North America 4 I-O areas today in SIOP (Society for I-O ): 1.Personnel : Fit the person to the organization Who to recruit, select, train, assess, promote 2.Organizational : Fit the organization to the person 3.Human factors: Ergonomics, engineering 4.Consumer behavior: Reach outside the organization (Advertising, marketing)

8 4a. Origins of I-O in North America Personnel James McKeen Cattell 1890 mental tests 1921 Psychological Corporation 1917 Military (Goddard) Human factors 1909 time-motion studies F.W. Taylor, F+L. Gilbreth

9 4b. Origins of I-O in North America Consumer behavior 1901 Walter Dill Scott 1903 of advertising Organizational Hawthorne studies (Elton Mayo) 1960 Human enterprise Douglas McGregor HRM = Labor shift

10 4. Growth of I-O : South v North America South America: None 1984 Universidad dAtacama Abel Gallardo, MS North America: 1987: Society for I-O Psychology 4,000 of 84,000 demand, salaries, growth (NYC 2007)

11 5a. 3 future trends in U.S. I-O APA I-O Psychology Handbook (S. Zedeck, 2011) 1.Human Relations Movement (HRM): Ways to humanize the corporation 2.Organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) 3. Predicting counterproductive behaviors (CPB)

12 5b. HRM: Target Corporation HOW CAN TARGET PROMOTE ITS EMPLOYEES WELFARE? ANNE TAKOOSHIAN: TARGET TEAM H.R. (HUMAN RESOURCES) 360-degree feedback: assessing job satisfaction, annual Employee Attitude Surveys Employee wellness: Physical & mental health, EAP Counseling: finances, family, career development Insurance: Home, car, life, health, pension Community involvement: volunteers, social activities, TCOE 1%,

13 5b. Org. citizenship behaviors PROMOTING POSITIVE IN ORGANIZATIONS? tests: Shift from clinical to I-O Assessing job satisfaction: JDI, MSQ… OCQ, Org. Commitment (Porter, 1979) OCB, Org. citizenship (Podsakoff, 2000)

14 5c. Counterproductive behaviors CAN ORGANIZATIONS AVOID CPBs? tests: Shift from clinical to I-O Dependent personality (drugs, alcohol) Dishonesty Lateness, absence, malingering Violence, anger, conflict

15 Thank you ! Professor Alexander Voronov ! Professor Evgeny Osin ! Professor Valentin Spivakovsky ! Anne W.S. Takooshian !

16 125 years of International : IAAP, Paris, 8-13 July 2014

17 International in New York City: March 1-4, 2013, EPA conference


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