Presentation on theme: "Industrial-Organizational psychology in the Americas: Past & future trends Harold Takooshian, APA International Psychology."— Presentation transcript:
1 Industrial-Organizational psychology in the Americas: Past & future trends Harold Takooshian, APA International Psychology
2 Overview International origins of scientific Y Y today: indigenous (193) + specialized (52)I-O Y today in the North America todayOrigins of I-O Y in North AmericaI-O Y today in South v North AmericaThe future of U.S. I-O Y : 3 trends7. Conclusion
3 1a. International origins of Y 1879 Wundt: Germany1881 Ochorowicz: Poland1889 International Exposition: France
5 1c. International YBy 1889 Y had developed many specialties covering specialty areas (criminal studies, education, psychopathology, psychophysics, therapy) and phenomena (amnesia, hypnosis, hallucinations, learning, perception).In 1889 several scholars and scientists decided to hold the International Congress of Physiological Y in Paris.
6 2a. Y: Indigenous and specialized Indigenous: National Y (193 nations)1885 Russia (125th anniversary in 2010)1892 USA (APA)Specialized: In every nationIn APA, 54 divisions.Division 52 (1997)=International YDivision 14 (1945)= I-O Y
7 3. I-O Y today in North America 4 I-O areas today in SIOP(Society for I-O Y):Personnel Y: Fit the person to the organizationWho to recruit, select, train, assess, promoteOrganizational Y: Fit the organization to the person3. Human factors: Ergonomics, engineering YConsumer behavior: Reach outside the organization(Advertising, marketing)
8 4a. Origins of I-O Y in North America Personnel YJames McKeen Cattell1890 “mental tests”1921 PsychologicalCorporation1917 Military Y(Goddard)Human factors1909 “time-motion studies”F.W. Taylor, F+L. Gilbreth
9 4b. Origins of I-O Y in North America Consumer behavior1901 Walter Dill Scott1903 Y of advertisingOrganizational YHawthorne studies(Elton Mayo)1960 Human enterpriseDouglas McGregorHRM = “Labor Y” shift
10 4. Growth of I-O Y: South v North America South America: None1984 Universidad d’AtacamaAbel Gallardo, MSNorth America:1987: Society for I-O Psychology4,000 of 84,000demand, salaries, growth (NYC 2007)
11 5a. 3 future trends in U.S. I-O Y APA I-O Psychology Handbook (S. Zedeck, 2011)1. Human Relations Movement (HRM):Ways to humanize the corporationOrganizational citizenship behavior (OCB)3. Predicting counterproductive behaviors (CPB)
12 5b. HRM: Target Corporation HOW CAN TARGET PROMOTE ITS EMPLOYEES’ WELFARE?ANNE TAKOOSHIAN: TARGET “TEAM” H.R. (HUMAN RESOURCES)“360-degree feedback:” assessing job satisfaction,annual Employee Attitude SurveysEmployee wellness: Physical & mental health, EAPCounseling: finances, family, career developmentInsurance: Home, car, life, health, pensionCommunity involvement: volunteers, social activities,TCOE 1%,
13 5b. Org. citizenship behaviors PROMOTING POSITIVE Y IN ORGANIZATIONS?Y tests: Shift from clinical to I-OAssessing job satisfaction: JDI, MSQ…OCQ, Org. Commitment (Porter, 1979)OCB, Org. citizenship (Podsakoff, 2000)
14 5c. Counterproductive behaviors CAN ORGANIZATIONS AVOID CPBs?Y tests: Shift from clinical to I-ODependent personality (drugs, alcohol)DishonestyLateness, absence, malingeringViolence, anger, conflict
15 Thank you ! Professor Alexander Voronov ! Professor Evgeny Osin ! Professor Valentin Spivakovsky !Anne W.S. Takooshian !
16 125 years of International Y: IAAP, Paris, 8-13 July 2014
17 International Y in New York City: March 1-4, 2013, EPA conference
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