Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Acids, Bases, and Solutions A hydrogen ion (H + ) is an atom of hydrogen that has lost its electron. An acid is any substance that produces hydrogen ions.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Acids, Bases, and Solutions A hydrogen ion (H + ) is an atom of hydrogen that has lost its electron. An acid is any substance that produces hydrogen ions."— Presentation transcript:

1 Acids, Bases, and Solutions A hydrogen ion (H + ) is an atom of hydrogen that has lost its electron. An acid is any substance that produces hydrogen ions (H + ) in water.

2 Acids and Bases in Solution The hydroxide ion (OH - ) is a negative ion, made of oxygen and hydrogen. A base is any substance that produces hydroxide ions (OH - ) in water.

3 Acids and Bases in Solution The pH scale is a range of values from 0 to 14. A low pH tells you that the concentration of hydrogen ions is high. In contrast, a high pH tells you that the concentration of hydrogen ions is low.

4 Acids and Bases in Solution If you tested the pH of the mixture, it would be close to 7. A reaction between an acid and a base is called neutralization. A salt is any ionic compound that can be made from the neutralization of an acid with a base. Sodium chloride

5 Acids and Bases in Solution In a neutralization reaction, an acid reacts with a base to produce a salt and water. Calcium chloride


Download ppt "Acids, Bases, and Solutions A hydrogen ion (H + ) is an atom of hydrogen that has lost its electron. An acid is any substance that produces hydrogen ions."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google