Presentation on theme: "Department of Internal Medicine Makati Medical Center V"— Presentation transcript:
1 Department of Internal Medicine Makati Medical Center V4.2.2008 PEER REVIEW PROTOCOLDepartment of Internal Medicine Makati Medical CenterV
2 “The Impaired Physician” in Art. 16, Ethical Guidelines,2 “The Impaired Physician” in Art. 16, Ethical Guidelines,2. Ethical Issues of the Physicians’ Relationship[ with other Physicians,Part G MMC Medical Staff By-Laws & Rules & Regulations, March describes the need for the institution to create this committee.…“4. Equally, it is unethical for a physician not to report fraud, professional misconduct, incompetence, or abandonment of patient by another physician. It is here that professional peer review becomes critical in assuring fair assessment of physician performance ….”And we quote from our institution’s manual …
3 GOAL of the Department’s PEER REVIEW To be an essential component of medical careTo provide the department a procedure to examine health care, including adverse events and injuries, as part of an effort to determine why things happen and to improve care in the future
4 GOAL of the Department’s PEER REVIEW To provide assistance to member physicians and protection to patients should a member demonstrate actions/deficiencies perceived as detrimental to himself/herself, or to patients or organizational processes of high quality and efficient care.
5 GOAL of the Department’s PEER REVIEW For the Peer Review to become accepted by the members of our department and be an impartial means of identifying and dealing with errors, with emphasis on remediation.
6 Department’s Policy Manual Provision Purpose of Department’s Peer ReviewTo provide guidelines for effective medical PEER Review and to establish a committee for this purpose as required by the department’s policy manual and in compliance to the institution’s By-Laws.
7 PEER REVIEW PROCESS - GENERAL STANDARDS Triggers that initiate peer review should be valid, transparent, and available to all member physicians and uniformly applied to all cases and physicians;Indefensible and vague accusations, personal bias, and rumor are to be given no credence and shall carefully be excluded from consideration.
8 PEER REVIEW PROCESS - GENERAL STANDARDS It ensures patient confidentiality.It is independent and objective and shall consider using outside experts in the field when appropriate.The review process shall be well-documented and shall yield recommendations
9 PEER REVIEW PROCESS - GENERAL STANDARDS Evidence of physician performance concerns, as revealed through the quality improvement process, shall be part of the appointment/re-appointment criteria for medical staff.It shall use consistent, fair, and equitable guidelines, and will employ well-defined criteria and encompass all options.
10 from Staff Qualification and Education from Staff Qualification and Education.doc of our JCI … re: Medical Staff (applied to Doctors’-in-training also)…“SQE.11 Medical staff members participate in the organization’s quality improvement and patient safety activities and, at least annually, there is a review of the quality, safety and clinical care provided by each medical staff member.”Also, from our JCI documentation, we quote the above - that we are bound to carry on such exercise …
11 PEER REVIEW PROCESS - GENERAL STANDARDS It shall be done in a timely manner.Following the provision of the institution on its Staff Qualification and Education, to wit: “SQE.11 Medical staff members participate in the organization’s quality improvement and patient safety activities and, at least annually, there is a review of the quality, safety and clinical care provided by each medical staff member.” , the department will annually report its peer review process to the institution’s Peer Review Committee using standard evaluation Form to ensure continued compliance with this policy.
12 PEER REVIEW PROCESS - GENERAL STANDARDS The medical staff member undergoing peer review will :participate willingly in the peer review process.be provided all information used in peer review and have access to each committee or other body that deliberates on the analysis and recommendations of the peer reviewto respond to questions and present their perspective
14 The Department Peer Review An ad hoc committee** shall be convened and is to be comprised of Medical Staff Members WITH KNOWLEDGE , TRAINING, EXPERIENCE, AND SKILLS in the clinical topic(s) under review.
15 A Departmental PEER REVIEW COMMITTEE & Its Functions Proposes to department ExeCom general standards for peer review;Recommends, when appropriate, the initiation of a peer review;Assists in creating peer review at the request of , for example, a section headReceives summaries and recommendations from section heads of all peer reviews that result in high* level conclusionRegularly reports the results of these gathered peer review to the department’s ExeCom with recommendations for subsequent actions.
16 The Medical Staff PEERS Are defined as those licensed independent* practitioners with similar training and experience who manage similar clinical problems as the Medical Staff Member under peer review.Membership on peer review committee is open to all physicians of the department staff, both Active and Associate Active;
18 The Peer Review Process - This department’s Peer Review Protocol is created with procedures and goals of the protocol developed , approved by all section chiefs, subsequently by the department head and presented in a WRITTEN form to the institution’s Peer Review Committee.It is to be performed within the department under the direction of the current Department’s Vice-Chairman.
19 Peer Review is done at different levels: Level 1 - Routine Peer ReviewLevel 2 - Focused /Intensified Peer ReviewLevel 3 - Institution’s Peer ReviewMUSC Policy Manual Jan 2007
20 The ROUTINE Peer Review The timing and nature of routine patient care reviews intended for quality assurance is described in the peer review of the departmentMMC existing guide says “SQE.11 …, at least annually, … review of the quality, safety and clinical care provided by each … member.”Minutes of the quality review efforts with findings and recommendations are reflected in the minutes.The names of Medical Staff are not identified from the minutes. Instead, hospital ID Number shall be utilized in all the reports.
21 Reporting the Conclusion by the Department Peer Review CONCLUSION “0” - Unable to reach a conclusion due to inadequate informationCONCLUSION “1” - No concernsCONCLUSION “2” - Minor concernsCONCLUSION “3” - Major concernsCONCLUSION “4” - Serious concernsThe reviewed member will be notified of a planned peer review to allow the clinician to participate as outlined in the departmental protocol.
22 Reporting the Conclusion by the Department Peer Review CONCLUSION “0” - IF committee is Unable to reach a conclusion due to inadequate information / Poor Documentation.However, Clinical management is appropriate; no quality issues identified.The reviewed member will be notified of a planned peer review to allow the clinician to participate as outlined in the departmental protocol.
23 Reporting the Conclusion by the Department Peer Review Conclusion “1” - No concerns / Fallout Acceptable.If the case falls into monitoring process, but clinical practice is expected and accepted.The reviewed member will be notified of a planned peer review to allow the clinician to participate as outlined in the departmental protocol.
24 Reporting the Conclusion by the Department Peer Review Conclusion “2” - Minor concerns - Questioned Practice.IF the practice is not consistent with accepted standard of care, but no potential for significant harm exists.The reviewed member will be notified of a planned peer review to allow the clinician to participate as outlined in the departmental protocol.
25 Reporting the Conclusion by the Department Peer Review Conclusion “3” - Major concerns - Questioned Practice Unexpected.IF practice under review is not consistent with accepted standard of care and/or potential exists for significant harm +/- may be error of omission.The reviewed member will be notified of a planned peer review to allow the clinician to participate as outlined in the departmental protocol.
26 Reporting the Conclusion by the Department Peer Review Conclusion “4” - Serious concerns - Questioned Practice Very Unexpected.IF practice under review is not consistent with accepted standard of care and/or significant harm occurred +/-error of omission.The reviewed member will be notified of a planned peer review to allow the clinician to participate as outlines in the departmental protocol.
27 The FOCUSED/INTENSIFIED Peer Review - will be initiated if any one of the following Event Indicators is/are present:Unexpected cardiac or respiratory arrest;Neurologic deficit not present on admissionOther events designated by the departmentA recommendation by the VP of MSA , or other higher officer of the institution, for a focused review requires the department Chair to initiate the review process
28 The FOCUSED/INTENSIFIED Peer Review - will be initiated if any one of the following Event Indicators is/are present:Actions or deficiencies demonstrated by an MD that appear detrimental to him/herself, hospital employees, patients or organizational processes of high quality and efficient care.Sentinel EventPre-sentinel event or near miss;Major Adverse Drug reaction;Significant variation from established patterns of care, also called “trend”
29 The FOCUSED/INTENSIFIED Peer Review - A “Trend” is defined as when a member receives: Two (2) Conclusion “4” evaluations within a 2-year period;Any combination of three (3) Conclusion “3” or “4” evaluations within a 2-year period;Any combination of four (4) Conclusion “2”,”3” or “4” evaluations within a 2-year period;
30 Elevating Issues to the Institution’s Peer Review Committee The department peer review head will elevate the issue to the hospital Peer Review Committee IF any of the following is noted within an individual member when routine and focused peer review have not remedied the practice concerns :Persistent problemsDeficiency trendsWorrisome patterns of practice
31 Elevating Issues to the Institution’s Peer Review Committee Reasons for an institution Peer Review shall also include matters that involve:LitigationLack departmental expertiseConflict of interestStrong disagreements within the department as to how to proceed
32 Handling Reports and Action Plans Step1 : Reports/Conclusions of departmental peer review is sent to the Dep’t ChairStep 2: Chair then creates a WRITTEN ACTION PLANStep 3: Peer Review team report and Dept Chair action plans are filed in the Physicians’ Quality Record WITHIN the dept, and …
33 Handling Reports and Action Plans Step 4: A Summary Report is filed with the Institution’s Peer Review Committee, within a prescribed period, i.e., within 45 days of the initiation or request for a peer review.
34 Handling Reports and Action Plans Step 5: The Dept’s peer review head may be asked by the institution’s Peer Review Committee body to present a detailed presentation of the case to the institution’s full Peer Review Committee -For their review , andTo assess the adequacy of response.
35 Handling Reports and Action Plans Step 6: The Reviewed Member will be asked to respond in writing within a prescribed period, e.g., within 30 days IF the peer review results in a class “3” or “4” conclusion.STEP 7: Class “3” or “4” conclusions - need to be reported to the institution’s PRC + Written response of reviewed clinician and Dept Chair.Step 8:These reports will be placed in the reviewed member’s quality folder secured in the Medical Staff office.
36 QUALITY RECORD AND CREDENTIALS COMMITTEE ACTION THE DEPARTMENT shall maintain a Quality Record for each Medical Staff member. These records will contain any/all of the following:ALL written products of peer review;Patient satisfaction survey results;Patient letters;Performance reviews;Other materials that profile the physician’s clinical performance.MEDICAL STAFF OFFICE shall maintain a SEPARATE QUALITY RECORD for each member.
37 QUALITY RECORD AND CREDENTIALS COMMITTEE ACTION The Credentials Committee can have the report available upon request, in its efforts to evaluate an application for reappointment of the Medical Staff.ACCESS RESTRICTION: ONLY the reviewed member, Dep’t Chair, Institution’s Peer Review Committee, the department and institution’s ExeCom, Credentials Committee and the Medical Director - can access and review a member’s Quality folder secured in the Medical Staff Office.Other entity including the Office secretariat should not have access to the file.
38 This protocol was created by the IM department’s Committee on JCI accreditation after its March 8th, 2008 scheduled meeting in an effort to address such requirements. It was principally taken from the Peer Review of Medical University of South Carolina, St Mary’s Hospital, Massachussetts Medical Society’s Model Principles for Incident-related Peer Review , as well as comments from Gail Weiss of Medical Economics2/18/2005 and with subsequent inputs from the committee held during its March 22nd 2008 scheduled meeting, and reviewed by the department’s executive committee in its April 2nd 2008 scheduled meeting.
39 IM COMMITTEE on JCI and its SECTION REPRESENTATIVES, 2007-2008 MANUEL CANLAS, MD Allergology/Immunology Section Mobile: CLAVEL MACALINTAL MD Cardiology Section Mobile: GIA WASSMER, MD Endocrinology Section Mobile: BENJIE BENITEZ, MD Gastroenterology Section Mobile: PAUL TAN, MD General Medicine Mobile:JESUS RELOS, MD Hematology Section Mobile: VILMA CO, MD Infectious Diseases Section Mobile: MILAN TAMBUNTING, MD Nephrology Section Mobile: JOEY PARRA, MD Oncology Section Mobile: ELIZABETH SANTOS, MD Pulmonology Section Mobile: AUGUSTO VILLARUBIN, MD Rheumatology Section MobileNAZARIO A. MACALINTAL JR.,MD Head Mobile:
40 Internal Legal Issue that needs to be put in place. Data acquisition and Review Activities need to be protected from “discovery, subpoena, or introduction into evidence in any civil /criminal action”.
41 External Legal Issue provided - there are requisites like: A law similar to the Health Care Quality Improvement Act should give peer reviewers near-complete immunity from claims for damages arising from peer review actions:provided - there are requisites like:Peer review was done in the belief that such action furthered quality healthcareAddressed in the protocolThose bringing the action made a good-faith effort to obtain the facts;The physician reviewed was given adequate notice and afforded due processThe hospital had a reasonable belief that peer review action was warranted.