2Learning IntentionI will revise poetic techniques and consider their effect on the reader.
3Simile To compare one thing to another using the words ‘like’ or ‘as’. E.g.The snow was as white as the clouds.His eyes were as black as coal.
4MetaphorA comparison which says something is another, not using the words ‘like’ or ‘as’. E.g.I am a cloud waiting to shed its raindrops.He is a ray of light on my bad days.
5Onomatopoeia Words that sound like the noise they make. E.g. He hissed as he swivelled through the corridors.As she cleaned the kitchen, the pots clattered and banged to the ground.
6AlliterationThe repetition of a sound at the beginning of 2 or more words.E.g.Carol caught Craig carrying cats in a bag.Sarah smoothly slid along the path oozing elegance.
7TaskWrite down 2 examples of each technique we have learned about. Leave room to annotate each one.Analyse your examples to show what their effect is.Be ready to discuss your examples as a class.
8Learning IntentionI will contextualise the poem, ‘Hyena’.
9HyenasThe Three of the four species of hyena are restricted to sub-Saharan Africa, where they live in drier environments such as savannah, bushland and desert. The fourth species, the Striped Hyena, is found in northern and eastern Africa as well as in Asia from the Middle East to India.Except for the aardwolf, all living hyena species are hunters and scavengers. They have extremely strong jaws in relation to their body size and have a very powerful digestive system with highly acidic fluids, making them capable of eating and digesting their entire prey, including skin, teeth, horns and bones. Hair and hooves are usually regurgitated. Because their digestive system deals very well with bacteria, they have no aversion to and readily eat carrion.The Spotted Hyena is primarily a predator, unlike some of its cousins. Spotted Hyenas are successful pack hunters of small to large sized ungulates, and are the most abundant carnivores in Sub-Saharan Africa.Because the aardwolf is a specialized feeder of termites, it lacks the size and physical power of its cousins.
10Many cultures have historically viewed the hyena in a bad light Many cultures have historically viewed the hyena in a bad light. Negative associations have generally stemmed from hyenas' tendency to scavenge graves for food. They are one of the few creatures naturally suited for this, due to their ability to devour and digest every part of a carcass, including bone. As such, many associate hyenas with gluttony, uncleanliness and cowardice.The haunting laughter-like calls of the Spotted Hyena inspired the idea in local cultures that they could imitate human voices and call their victims by name. Hyenas are also associated with divination and sometimes thought of as tools of demons and witches. In African folklore, witches and sorcerers are thought to ride hyenas or even turn into them.
11Task Read the poem and take notes on the following features: Narrator (Person who is telling the story)Plot (what happens)Setting (where and when)Mood (How the reader is supposed to feel)
12Narrator Describe the narrator’s: Strengths Appearance Surroundings SoundFood
13Setting Describe the setting’s: Appearance Resources Comfort Heat Inhabitants
14Learning IntentionI will annotate ‘Hyena’ to gain a full understanding of the text.
15AnnotateHighlight, circle or underline effective techniques used by the poet:SimilesMetaphorsAlliterationOnomatopoeiaSentence structureWord choice2. Then write down the effect:What is suggests to the reader about the characters, plot etcConnotationsHow it makes the reader feel.
16I have been travelling all morning through the bush And not eaten. I am waiting for you.I have been travelling all morning through the bushAnd not eaten.I am lying at the edge of the bushOn a dusty path that leads from the burnt-out kraal.I am panting, it is midday, I found no water-hole.I am very fierce without food and although my eyesAre screwed to slits against the sunYou must believe I am prepared to spring.
17I have a rough coat like Africa. I am crafty with dark spots What do you think of me?I have a rough coat like Africa.I am crafty with dark spotsLike the bush-tufted plains of Africa.I sprawl as a shaggy bundle of gathered energyLike Africa sprawling in its waters.I trot, I lope, I slaver, I am a ranger.I hunch my shoulders. I eat the dead.
18When the moon pours hard and cold on the veldt Do you like my song?When the moon pours hard and cold on the veldtI sing, and I am the slave of darkness.Over the stone walls and the mud walls and the ruined placesAnd the owls, the moonlight falls.I sniff a broken drum. I bristle. My pelt is silver.I howl my song to the moon- up it goes.Would you meet me there in the waste places?
19It is said I am a good match For a dead lion. I put my muzzle At his golden flanks, and tear. HeIs my golden supper, but my tastes are easy.I have a crowd of fangs, and I use them.Oh and my tongue- do you like meWhen it comes lolling out over my jawVery long, and I am laughing?I am not laughing.But I am not snarling either, onlyPanting in the sun, showing youWhat I gripCarrion with.
20For the leaping sinews to go slack, I am waitingFor the foot to slide,For the heart to seize,For the leaping sinews to go slack,For the fight to the death to be fought to the death,For a glazing eye and a rumour of blood.I am crouching in my dry shadowsTill you are ready for me.My place is to pick you cleanAnd leave your bones to the wind.
21Stanza 1Who is the hyena addressing ?Using quotes to illustrate your answer explain the condition the hyena is in.What does the last line tell us, in spite of what we have already been told in this stanza ?Stanza 2How would you answer the question in line 1 ?Examine the similes in these lines and comment on how well you think they work.Interesting sentence structure in the last two lines. Describe the structure of the sentences and explain what it achieves.What is your reaction to the last line?
22Stanza 3Select quotes from this stanza which describe the behaviour of the hyena and explain in your own words what we learn about it.Again look at the hyena’s questions – how do you react to them?Stanza 4Why is the beginning of this stanza humorous?In lines 3 to 6 what do we learn of its eating tastes and method?The last 8 lines describe the hyena’s appearance and sound. Which words or phrases caught your attention and why?Stanza 5Explain in your own words what the hyena waits for.How do you feel about the final 2 lines?
23Learning IntentionI will adopt the writing style of the Hyena in order to show my understanding of the poem’s narrator.
24Writing Style?What features of writing does the narrator use that you could copy?Consider sentence structure, techniques, word choice, description of the senses etc.
25TaskProduce a piece of writing to describe a day in the life of the narrator. It should be descriptive, interesting and similar to the style of the poem. Aim for 800 words.Remember to:Write in 1st personUse figures of speechUse rhetorical questionsDescribe sounds, sight, smell, touch and tastesDescribe the surroundings and the lifestyle
26Learning IntentionI will plan my critical essay on ‘Hyena’ by Edwin Morgan.
27Essay QuestionHow does Edwin Morgan create an effective narrator for the poem, ‘Hyena’?Top Tips!Answer the essay question!Use critical terminology: themes, narrator, simile, rhetorical question, effective word choice, repetition, metaphor etc!Analyse in full detail!
28Themes…….Ways in which the poet creates an effective narrator……
29Themes: Nature Survival Some of the ways in which the poet creates an effective narrator:Use of 1st person (writing from the narrator’s point of view)Use of rhetorical questionsDescription of settingRepetitionSimiles, metaphor, personificationDescription of narrator’s appearance, sound, actions, strengthEtc!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
30Essay PlanIntroductionName of poem and poetDescribe the plot, setting, themes and narratorExplain the focus of your essay2,3,4,5. Main Body - STARStatement (refer to the question and explain the focus of the paragraph)Textual evidence (quote to support your statement)Analysis (explain how the quote supports your statement)Response (explain how the reader is made to feel and refer back to the question)ConclusionAnswer the essay question in a few sentencesExplain your opinion of the poem and how it has affected you