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French & Indian War French vs. English. French Possessions In North America.

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Presentation on theme: "French & Indian War French vs. English. French Possessions In North America."— Presentation transcript:

1 French & Indian War French vs. English

2 French Possessions In North America

3 English Possessions In North America

4 French in North America British in North America Native Americans were caught in the middle. They lost a lot of land to the Europeans who were migrating into North America

5 French in North America British in North America The Ohio River Valley was ready to explode! Why?

6 French and Indian War Causes: 1. Fur Trade 2. Land A. B. 3. Indian Relations

7 Very important to the French. Made a lot of money selling Beaver fur 1500s-1800s Beaver fur was used to make hats, they were the fashion in Europe. This is one of the causes of the French and Indian War. 1.The Fur Trade

8 Beaver Fur Beaver Trap

9 2.Land French govt built forts to stop English taking the land. English government built forts and started to grant land to its citizens. Another cause of the French and Indian War. A. English colonists bought 500,000 acres of land in the Ohio Valley to farm. This became the colony of New York B. This area was very important to the French fur trade and hurt the French economically

10 3.Indian Relations French had good relationships with Indians. English didnt. They wanted to take their land for farming. Most French colonists were fur traders and trappers. French only wanted the fur. They didnt stay on the land. They lived among the Indians and adopted their ways. They learned to make canoes, trap animals, make snow shoes, etc.. They learned Native American languages. They took Indian brides. Had bi-racial children

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12 French in North America British in North America The English attacked the French fort, Fort Duquesne. The attack was a disaster for the British but it was the beginning of the French and Indian War.

13 French in North America British in North America The French and Indian War was fought on two continents (North America and Europe) In the Colonies it was called French & Indian War. In Europe it was called The Seven Years War

14 In America, they fought over control of the entire Western frontier including the Ohio River Valley. In Europe, France and England began to fight in what was called the Seven Years War. War

15 Advantages of Each Side 1. British/American Advantages: A. B. C. D. 2. French Advantages: A. B.

16 British/American Advantages A. Larger Population 1,485,000 B. Militias (Poorly organized and equipped but…) 1)They were ready at a moments notice. 2)Had been fighting the Indians for over a 100 years. C. Self-supporting Produced enough food and supplies. D. Britain controlled the seas. French Advantages A.Didnt have self- government in French colonies. Didnt have to convince colonists to help B.Towns were close together and easier to defend Advantages of Each Side

17 French and Indian War Disadvantages of Each Side 1. British/American Disadvantages: A. 2. French Disadvantages: A. B. C.

18 British/American Colonies A. Had to convince Colonists to fight for England B. Fighting an Offensive War Attacked Quebec and Montreal to try to win the war. French Colonies A. Smaller Population 75,000 B. Depended on Imports British controlled the seas. C. Not enough troops France sent few troops over. Defense fell to the fur trading companies and they werent soldiers. Disadvantages of Each Side

19 Native American Involvement 1. British/American Allies: A. 2. French Allies: A.

20 British/American Colonies A. Iroquois League Mostly neutral, but did fight occasionally. Chief of the Mohawks, Joseph Brant, b ecame a colonel in the British army. French Colonies A. Huron, Algonquin, Ottawa. Longtime trading partners Didnt trust the land grabbing white settlers. Native American Involvement

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23 Albany Plan A. B. C. Draw Albany Plan on right

24 1754-Delegates from nine of the thirteen colonies met in Albany, New York. A. Benjamin Franklin, a delegate from Pennsylvania came to Albany with the Albany Plan, a loose union or compact between the colonies. B. He tried to get a promise from the colonies to work together and with the British. He told the Colonists that if they didnt work together and fight the French, they would all die because the French would see them as English and kill them. C. The Plan failed b/c the Colonies were trying to protect their own interests over the interests of the whole group The Albany Plan

25 BENFRANKLINBENFRANKLIN

26 War Ends A. B. Results of the French and Indian War A. B. C. Proclamation Line of 1763 A. B.

27 France and Britain continued fighting in Europe for three more years A. Treaty of Paris was signed on February 10, 1763-this ended the war in America. B. France surrendered all land in North America to Britain

28 Results of French and Indian War A. Britain gained control over half the North American continent-everything east of the Mississippi River, and Spanish Florida. B. British decided to re-establish control of the Colonies-They set up a line that Colonists were not supposed to cross C.British government was deeply in debt Britain began fighting in 1754 with a national debt of approximately 75 million pounds, but the war effort caused the debt to soar to 133 million pounds by 1763.

29 Proclamation Line of 1763 The British set up the Proclamation Line of 1763 A. Told Colonists to not go west of the Appalachian Mountains (the line) This kept Colonists close to the Atlantic ports and made it easier for England to keep Colonists trading with them. It was a way to control the Colonists. B. Proclamation Line made Colonists really angry. They realized it was a way for England to control them. They wanted to be free to find land west of the Appalachian's

30 French and Indian War Causes: 1. Fur Trade 2. Land A. English bought land in the Ohio Valley to farm. This became the colony of New York 3. Indian Relations French made a lot of money selling Beaver fur. B. This area was very important to the French fur trade and hurt the French economically French had good relationships with Indians. English didnt. French wanted the fur. They didnt stay on the land.

31 Advantages of Each Side B.Militias 1. British/American Advantages: A.Larger Population 2. French Advantages: A.Didnt have to convince colonists to help C.Self-supporting D.Britain controlled the seas. B.Towns were close together and easier to defend

32 French and Indian War Disadvantages of Each Side 1. British/American Disadvantages: A.Had to convince Colonists to fight for England 2. French Disadvantages: A.Smaller Population B. Depended on Imports C. Not enough troops

33 Native American Involvement 1. British/American Allies: A. Iroquois League Mostly neutral 2. French Allies: A. Huron didnt trust white settlers.

34 Albany Plan A. Benjamin Franklin came to Albany with theAlbany Plan Draw Albany Plan on right B. He tried to get a promise from the colonies to work together and with the British. C. The Plan failed b/c the Colonies were trying to protect their own interests over the interests of the whole group

35 War Ends B. France surrendered all land in North America to Britain A.Treaty of Paris was signed on February 10, 1763-this ended the war in America. Results of the French and Indian War A. Britain gained control over half the North American continent-everything east of the Mississippi River, and Spanish Florida. Proclamation Line of 1763 A. Told Colonists to not go west of the Appalachian Mountains B. British decided to re-establish control of the Colonies-They set up a line that Colonists were not supposed to cross C. British government was deeply in debt B. Proclamation Line made Colonists really angry. They realized it was a way for England to control them


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