Presentation on theme: "Nonwoven Technical Textiles: Opportunities"— Presentation transcript:
1Nonwoven Technical Textiles: Opportunities Utkarsh Sata, M. Mallyah* and Seshadri RamkumarNonwovens and Advanced Materials LaboratoryThe Institute of Environmental and Human HealthTexas Tech UniversityLubbock, TX , USA* Tecnitex Nonwovens, Ltd., Bangalore, IndiaPresentation given at the FICCI Agrotextiles conference held on 1st Oct 2008
2Global Economic Situation: Public Humiliation World Economy is at CrossroadsSource: Public Humiliation by James Surowiecki, The New Yorker, September 24, 2008
3American Economy Meltdown US is the largest consumer of commodity goods.Latest mortgage crisis and credit crunch is hitting thepocket books of American consumer society.Monies to spend on consumer good such as clothingwill decrease.
4Implications of Global Economy and Indian Textile Industry Import of commodity textiles in developed economieshit by credit crisis will slow down.Increase in the price of raw materials due to globaleconomic situation.Indian textile industry should diversify.
5Diversification into Non-commodity Textiles Indian textile industry should go on a higher gear indiversifying into unconventional textiles.Even after 30 years of organized sector status, thenonwoven and technical textile industry is growingat a rate of 8 % in USA and Europe.This sector is at infancy in India and offers tremendousgrowth and opportunities until 2050.
7What are Technical Textiles ? Technical Textiles are value-added textile products that provide added functionality and applications other than regular fiber-to-fashion supply chain products.These technical textiles encompass high performance fibers, yarns, woven, knitted, nonwoven, braided and composite structures.7
8Are Nonwovens Technical Textiles? Most of the nonwovens are technical textiles as they have not yet penetrated into the apparel sector.Nonwovens are predominantly disposable and semi durable goods.All nonwovens are technical textiles but all technical textiles are not nonwovens
9What are Nonwovens?As the name indicates nonwovens are not woven fabrics.Cost effective process as it skips intermediary processes such as spinning, weave preparation and weaving.FiberFabricwithout weavingHigh speed and productivity compared to conventional/woven processes.
10General Definition of Nonwoven Fabrics Nonwoven fabrics are flat structures mainly defined as sheets or webs made by bonding and entangling fibers or filaments by mechanical, thermal or chemical means.- Mahmud and Ramkumar, Man-Made Textiles in India, September 2001
18Nonwoven Line Opening – fine beating and tuft reduction Hopper FeederOpening – fine beating and tuft reductionDouble CylinderCardWeb forming – removal of tufts; parallel orientationCross LapperWeb formation - high loft, layered websH1 Needle LoomWeb consolidation – Interlocking of fibers
23Worldwide Production By Region (millions of tonnes) 2.695.758.41R. Of WorldMid. EastSouth AmericaAsia PacificEurope - 27NAFTA0.90.80.11.18.104.22.168.72.00.31.82.33.20.4123456789101997200220072012Source: INDA Estimates, Ian Butler, INTC-200823
24Nonwoven Growth By Region (%, based upon tonnes) Source: INDA Estimates, Ian Butler, INTC-2008
252007 Nonwoven Production (000, tonnes) RegionsEurope (27) 1,659Asia-Pacific * 2,047NAFTA ,491South America**Mid. EastR. of World* Australia, China, Indonesia, Japan, Korea,Taiwan,Thailand** Top 6: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, VenezuelaSelected CountriesMexicoBrazil 135Mexico 130Taiwan 160Korea 213Turkey 93Japan 338S. Africa 26Saudi Arabia 52Australia 62Source: INDA Estimates, Ian Butler, INTC-2008
26Nonwoven Consumption Per Capita (kilograms) Developed MarketsEarly Development MarketsEmerging MarketsHigh export volumesSource: INDA Estimates, Ian Butler, INTC-2008
27Nonwoven Consumption Rises as GDP Per Capita Increases * Kg/CapitaTrend lineCzech Rep.KoreaBrazilTurkeyEuropeJapanNAFTATaiwanIndia nowChina nowIndia, 2012* PPP in US$ equivalentsSource: INDA Estimates, Ian Butler, INTC-2008
28Worldwide Consumption of Technical Textiles (000 tonnes) RegionYearsCAGR%199520002005201095-0000-0505-10Americas4,2885,0315,7776,8213.2%2.8%3.4%Europe3,4944,1624,7735,5773.6%Asia5,7166,9638,50410,6454.0%4.1%4.6%ROW4735586287303.3%2.4%3.1%Totals13,97116,71419,68323,7743.7%3.8%Source: David Rigby Associates
29Worldwide Consumption of Technical Textiles (000 tonnes) Application AreaYearsCAGR%199520002005201095-0000-0505-10Agrotech1,1731,3811,6151,9583.3%3.2%3.9%Geotech1962553194135.4%4.6%5.3%Medtech1,2281,5431,9282,3804.7%4.3%Protech1842382793404.0%Totals2,7813,4174,1415,0914.68%3.93%4.38%Source: David Rigby Associates
30Growth Prediction of Technical Textiles in India
31CONSUMPTION OF NONWOVENS/TT (kg) Consumption Of Nonwovens/TT in India Vs. GDP Per Capita (Assuming An Increase Of 13.27% In Per Capita Every Year)YEARGDP PER CAPITA (US$)CONSUMPTION OF NONWOVENS/TT (kg)20057330.08201013740.15201525630.27202047800.51202589120.952030166181.772035309853.312040577736.16204510772011.49205020085021.43GDP per capita source: World Bank31
32CONSUMPTION OF NONWOVENS/TT (kg) Consumption Of Nonwovens/TT in USA vs. GDP Per Capita (Assuming An Increase Of 4.6% In Per Capita Every Year)YEARGDP PER CAPITA (US$)CONSUMPTION OF NONWOVENS/TT (kg)2005424993.52010524354.322015656565.412020822136.7720251029438.48203012890110.62203516140413.29204020210316.64204526470520.84205033145226.10GDP per capita source: World Bank
33India vs. USA Per Capita Nonwoven/TT Consumption (2005-2050) GDP per capita source: World Bank
34India’s Per Capita Consumption vs. Income Levels (2005-2050) GDP per capita source: World Bank
36What are Agrotextiles ?Agricultural Textiles are used for Increasing yield, quality and safeguarding agricultural products.Agrotextiles are basically technical textiles that have specialty applications in agriculture, horticulture, aquaculture, animal husbandry & forestry.Agricultural Textiles find applications right from sowing to harvesting.They offer new insight on solving the problems faced by agricultural industry.Various technical textiles such as woven, nonwoven, knitted, nets and coated textiles are used as agrotextiles.36
38Agro Shade Cloths Shade cloth/Shade Netting These are sunscreens and provide necessary protection to the plants against:Excessive heat,Burning of the crops due to direct sunshine andUV damage.Source:Range of shade percentages are:25%, 35%, 50%, 75% and 90%Examples:Knitted or woven polyethylene fabrics.Should not rot or become brittle & should avoid mildew formation38
39Frost Covering Adverse Effects of Frost Frost can kill the seeds and adversely affect the ariel portion of the plant.Frost makes the plant loose its moisture and dry out.Frost CoveringMinimizes moisture and heat loss.Keeps the plant warm and healthy.Nonwoven fabrics are preferred for Frost Covers:Lightweight, breathable and those which dry quickly are used. These fabrics should provide open spaces for crop treatments.Source:Examples:Nonwoven spunbonded mesh fabric and nonwoven UV resistant polypropylene fleece.Source:39
40Harvesting AidesHarvesting nets are used to collect the fruits falling from a tree.This helps to keep the cost of cultivation low by eliminating additional labor associated with harvesting.Harvesting nets are predominantly grip structures which can be developed using warp knitting technology.Source:Source:40
41Windshields Windshields are used to protect the crops from high velocity wind damage.These can also be used to control the temperature by hindering cooling due to the wind.These are installed perpendicular to the direction of the wind to reduce the wind speed.These Prevent:Breaking of branches,Early falling of the fruits andDamage to the leaves and flowers.Source:Examples:Woven and knitted UV stabilized windshields usinghigh density polyethylene monofilaments.Source:41
42Landscape CoversThese are used for weed control and prevent penetration of thin roots of weeds.In addition they also maintain optimal soil temperatures for rapid plant growth.Source:Examples:Biodegradable needlepunched nonwovens and coated fabrics42
43Spunbonds with Phase Change Materials Spunbond PP Row Cover FabricAgrotextiles in ExperimentalStrawberry RowsSource: Wadsworth L. C. et al. Nonwoven & Technical Textiles, Oct-Dec 200743
45Pesticide Protective Materials Three layered Chemical ProtectiveFabric: Patent Pending45
46ConclusionsIt is extremely important for the Indian textile industry to diversify into durable technical textiles and disposable nonwovens.Technical textiles should at least contribute % of the total textile sector byOur growth prediction is that the industry should grow in double digits around 13 %.46