Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Central European Monarchs Clash 21.3. Peace of Augsburg (1555) Breaks Down Catholic, Holy Roman Emperor (Charles V) allowed German Princes to choose Catholicism.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Central European Monarchs Clash 21.3. Peace of Augsburg (1555) Breaks Down Catholic, Holy Roman Emperor (Charles V) allowed German Princes to choose Catholicism."— Presentation transcript:

1 Central European Monarchs Clash 21.3

2 Peace of Augsburg (1555) Breaks Down Catholic, Holy Roman Emperor (Charles V) allowed German Princes to choose Catholicism or Lutheranism, but not Calvinism Catholic, Holy Roman Emperor (Charles V) allowed German Princes to choose Catholicism or Lutheranism, but not Calvinism 1618: Emperor Ferdinand II became king of Bohemia = Protestants in Prague began to Revolt 1618: Emperor Ferdinand II became king of Bohemia = Protestants in Prague began to Revolt

3

4 Thirty Years War 1618 - 1648 One of the most destructive wars in European History One of the most destructive wars in European History Fought mainly in Germany Fought mainly in Germany Began as a war of religion, but turned into a power struggle between all of Europes great powers. Began as a war of religion, but turned into a power struggle between all of Europes great powers.

5 Sides Hapsburg Side Holy Roman Emperor Holy Roman Emperor Austria Austria Spain Spain Bavaria Bavaria Hungary Hungary Opposing Side Bohemia Bohemia Netherlands Netherlands France France Sweden Sweden England England

6

7 Hapsburgs Are Defeated France & Sweden turn the tide against the Hapsburg Dynasty France & Sweden turn the tide against the Hapsburg Dynasty

8

9 Results of the War Peace of Westphalia (16 48) Peace of Westphalia (16 48) 1.Weakened Hapsburg Spain & Austria 2.Strengthened Bourbon France 3.Dutch finally free of Spain 4.Disbanded the Holy Roman Empire 5.Ended religious wars in Europe 6. Began era of Nation-States

10 Germany Lost 4 million People. Which slowed its Development

11

12 Central Europe Differs from the West Feudalism lasted longer in Germany, Austria, Poland, & Hungary Feudalism lasted longer in Germany, Austria, Poland, & Hungary Wars created instability Wars created instability Did not benefit from Commercial Revolution Did not benefit from Commercial Revolution

13 Rise of Austria & Prussia Became Dominant States of Central Europe Austria – Ruled by Catholic Hapsburgs – Absolutist; conquered much of central Europe – German elite ruled over a diverse population Prussia Prussia – Ruled by Lutheran Hohenzollerns – Came to dominate northern Germany – Strong Military Culture

14

15

16

17 Maria Theresa of Austria Absolute Ruler of Austria: 1717 – 1780 Absolute Ruler of Austria: 1717 – 1780 Religious Catholic, cared for the poor, but not Civil Rights Religious Catholic, cared for the poor, but not Civil Rights Mother of Marie Antoinette Mother of Marie Antoinette

18 Frederick II The Great of Prussia Made Prussia the 1 st Welfare State & Military Power: 1712 – 1786 Made Prussia the 1 st Welfare State & Military Power: 1712 – 1786 Enlightened Ruler Enlightened Ruler Atheist, Invented Public Ed., Social Reforms Atheist, Invented Public Ed., Social Reforms

19

20

21 Seven Years War (1756 – 1763) First truly Global War British Empire & Prussia Vs French Empire, Austria, Russia (French & Indian War) Gave Britain dominance in North America Britain gained sole economic rights in India

22

23 Results Britain Became Dominant Imperial Power Britain Became Dominant Imperial Power – Dominance in North America & India Prussia became dominant in Germany = set up for its unification later Prussia became dominant in Germany = set up for its unification later France lost its Empire & entered period of trouble that would lead to Revolution France lost its Empire & entered period of trouble that would lead to Revolution


Download ppt "Central European Monarchs Clash 21.3. Peace of Augsburg (1555) Breaks Down Catholic, Holy Roman Emperor (Charles V) allowed German Princes to choose Catholicism."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google