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The Gun Controversy in America Stephen Panaro, Adam Rodriguez, and MJ Schanne.

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1 The Gun Controversy in America Stephen Panaro, Adam Rodriguez, and MJ Schanne

2 Background on Gun Legislation National Firearms Act of 1934 Gun Control Act of 1968 Firearms Owners Protection Act (FOTA 1986) Child Access Prevention Laws Concealed Weapons Laws Regulations of Private Sales to Minors Regulating All Secondary Market Sales (Gun-show Loophole) Ban on Assault Weapons One Handgun Per Month Junk Guns Preemption Laws Waiting Periods

3 Gun Controversy in the Courts Free white men can bear arms for self defense. This is a political right. Also, concealed weapons are allowed. Justified by states right to maintain a militia. Although Dred Scott lost, African-American slaves gained the right to bear arms. Bliss v. Commonwealth of KYState of Arkansas v. BuzzardDred Scott v. Sandford The court holds that there is a right bear arms in defense of self and country. New Terms: Political right- a right that the state has the power to control Individual right- a right given to a person or people

4 Gun Controversy in the Courts 2000-Present Today Declared that an individual has the right to have a firearm in a private residences or federal enclave. Did not specify if this applied to states. Resolved the ambiguity left by D.C. v. Heller and said it is an individuals right in states as well. United States v. EmersonDistrict of Columbia v. HellerMcDonald v. Chicago The first federal case that claimed the Second Amendment was meant to be an individual right. New Term: Federal enclave- A location in that is not part of a particular state. e.g. Washington D.C.

5 Pro-Regulation Decreases violent crimes Decreases risk of suicide Decreases risk of accidental injury/fatality Constitutional right to bear arms Regulation is ineffective Right to protect themselves Anti-Regulation

6 Interest Groups Pro-Gun Control Mayors against illegal guns Million Mom March Center to prevent handgun violence Coalition to stop gun violence Americans for gun safety Brady campaign to prevent gun violence Pro-Guns NRA Gun owners of America Keep and Bear arms Law Enforcement Alliance of America National Association of Arms Shows The Second Amendment Foundation

7 Political Parties Republicanno gun control Libertarianno gun control Constitutionno gun control Democraticpartial gun control Greenyes, desire gun control

8 Gallup Public Opinion Poll October 2009

9 Pew Research Public Opinion Poll March 2010

10 Statistics Pro-Gun-Regulation (Anti-Guns) U.S. homicide rates are 6.9 times higher than rates in 22 other populous high-income countries combined, despite similar non-lethal crime and violence rates. The firearm homicide rate in the U.S. is 19.5 times higher Gun violence impacts are estimated to cost U.S. citizens $100 billion annually 22 times more likely to be used in a completed or attempted suicide, criminal assault or homicide, or unintentional shooting death or injury than to be used in a self-defense shooting. An estimated forty percent of gun acquisitions occur in the secondary market

11 Statistics Anti-Gun-Regulation (Pro-Guns) August 2000, JAMA reported that states implementing waiting periods and background checks did "not [experience] reductions in homicide rates or overall suicide rates. 1990s, the number of guns in this country increased by roughly 40 millioneven while the murder rate decreased by almost 40% percent. Accidental gun deaths in the home decreased by almost 40 percent as well as many as 1.5 million cases of self-defense with a firearm every year According to the BBC News, handgun crime in the United Kingdom rose by 40% in the two years after it passed its draconian gun ban in report shows that the crime rate in England is higher than the crime rates of 16 other industrialized nations, including the United States Guns are used 2.5 million times a year in self-defense

12 Recent Developments Lax State Gun Laws Tied to Crimes in Other States Lax and Lethal More States Allowing Guns in Bars Pennsylvania Senate approved State Senator Richard Alloways (R-33) Castle Doctrine amendment to House Bill Senator Alloways proposed amendment to HB1926 would permit law-abiding citizens to use force, including deadly force, against an attacker in their homes and any places outside of their home where they have a legal right to be. If enacted, this law would also protect individuals from civil lawsuits by the attacker or the attackers family when force is used. House Bill 1926

13 Bibliography Brady Center to Prevent Gun Violence. Web. 15 Oct "Chapters." Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. Web. 15 Oct "Descriptions of the Supreme Court Gun Cases." Constitution Society Home Page. Web. 15 Oct Gay, Malcom. "More States Allowing Guns in Bars." The New York Times - Breaking News, World News & Multimedia. 3 Oct Web. 15 Oct "Gun Control." Just Web. 15 Oct

14 Bibliography Gun Owners of America - Gun Owners Of America. Web. 15 Oct Keep and Bear Arms - Gun Owners Home Page - 2nd Amendment Supporters. Web. 15 Oct "Lax and Lethal." The New York Times - Breaking News, World News & Multimedia. 3 Oct Web. 15 Oct Mayors Against Illegal Guns. Web. 15 Oct "The New York Times Log In." The New York Times - Breaking News, World News & Multimedia. Web. 15 Oct

15 Bibliography NRA. Web. 15 Oct "NRA-ILA :: Anti-Gun Lobbying Organizations." NRA-ILA ::. Web. 15 Oct "NRA-ILA :: “Castle Doctrine” Bill Scheduled for Final Passage Today in Pennsylvania!" NRA-ILA ::. Web. 15 Oct Police?, By The. "Taking On Gun Control." Web. 15 Oct "US Gun Statistics." Jeff Rense Program. Web. 15 Oct Worden, By Amy. "Pa. Senate Votes to Expand Gun Owners' Rights | Philadelphia Inquirer | 10/14/2010." Philadelphia Local News, Sports, Jobs, Cars, Homes. 14 Oct Web. 15 Oct

16 Courts Bibliography "Amendment II: Bliss v. Commonwealth." The Founders' Constitution Web. 15 Oct "The State v. Buzzard." Gun Control. Web. 15 Oct Volokh, Eugene. "Sources on the Second Amendment and Rights to Keep and Bear Arms in State Constitutions." UCLA School of Law. Web. 15 Oct "United States vs. Timothey Joe Emerson." UMKC School of Law. Web. 15 Oct "District Of Columbia v. Heller." Legal Information Institute at Cornell Law School. Web. 15 Oct "McDonald Et Al. v. City of Chicago, Illinois, Et Al." Legal Information Institute at Cornell Law School. Web. 15 Oct

17 Public Opinion Bibliography Jones, Jeffrey M. "In U.S., Record-Low Support for Stricter Gun Laws." 9 Oct Web. 15 Oct "Gun Control Splits America." Pew Research Center. 23 Mar Web. 15 Oct

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