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Query-By-Example Ping Zhou 2008.3. Introduction to QBE Query-By-Example A high-level database management language Alternation to SQL for querying relational.

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Presentation on theme: "Query-By-Example Ping Zhou 2008.3. Introduction to QBE Query-By-Example A high-level database management language Alternation to SQL for querying relational."— Presentation transcript:

1 Query-By-Example Ping Zhou

2 Introduction to QBE Query-By-Example A high-level database management language Alternation to SQL for querying relational database Can be translated to SQL Developed at IBM (M. Zloof) ◦ Many Databases have QBE-like extension Ping Zhou / CS 2310 Course Seminar2

3 Why QBE? Convenient and unified way to query, update, define and control database Requires little knowledge to the user, minimizes the concepts user needs to learn Simple yet wide coverage of transactions Graphical and tabular interface Ping Zhou / CS 2310 Course Seminar3

4 Basic Concepts Instead of writing text SQL commands… ◦ Programming is done within 2-D “skeleton tables” ◦ Constant vs Variable Ping Zhou / CS 2310 Course Seminar4

5 Basic Queries (1) Print the names and ages of all sailors… Variables that appear only once can be omitted Shorthand to print all fields Ping Zhou / CS 2310 Course Seminar5

6 Basic Queries (2) Selections – Place constant in some field Print all sailors with rating=10 Ping Zhou / CS 2310 Course Seminar6

7 Ordering and Grouping Order the answer using AO (ascending order) or DO (descending order) Duplicate tuples can be eliminated by using UNO. Ping Zhou / CS 2310 Course Seminar7

8 Select tuples from two relations by placing same variable at join column Queries Over Multiple Relations Find sailors who reserved a boat for 8/24/96, and who are older than 25. Ping Zhou / CS 2310 Course Seminar8

9 Select Using Condition Box Condition box ◦ Express a condition involving two or more columns. E.g.: _R/_A > 0.2 ◦ Express a condition involving aggregate operation on a group ◦ Express a condition involving AND and OR operators Ping Zhou / CS 2310 Course Seminar9

10 Unnamed Columns Create unnamed column for display Display fields from more than one tables Ping Zhou / CS 2310 Course Seminar10

11 Updating Tables using QBE (1) Insertion, Deletion and Updating are done in the same way in QBE Insertion Ping Zhou / CS 2310 Course Seminar11

12 Updating Tables using QBE (2) Deleting Updating Ping Zhou / CS 2310 Course Seminar12

13 Changes Brought by QBE User Interface ◦ Text command -> Graphical, Tabular ◦ User draw the table he wants directly Easier to learn ◦ Higher scores than SQL users in paper and pencil testing Ping Zhou / CS 2310 Course Seminar13

14 QBE / OBE OBE: Office Procedure by Example ◦ Incorporate QBE into office automation ◦ Research project developed by IBM Ping Zhou / CS 2310 Course Seminar14

15 Spatial QBE Adding spatial extension to QBE Retrieve all ATMs along Route 64 Retrieve all banks within 100 meters from Washington Hotel. Ping Zhou / CS 2310 Course Seminar15

16 Multimedia Queries with QBE Similarity function Find all oil paintings from a Dutch painter which are similar to the given picture. Ping Zhou / CS 2310 Course Seminar16

17 References Query-By-Example: a data base language, M. Zloof, 1977 Query-By-Example (QBE), on/qbe.pdf on/qbe.pdf A Human Factors Experimental Comparison of SQL and QBE, Minnie Yi-Miin Yen and Richard W. Scamell, 1993 Spatial QBE Interface for Web GIS, Shapiee Abd Rahman, Subhash Bhalla, 2005 WS-QBE: A QBE-like Query Language for Complex Multimedia Queries, Ingo Schmitt, Nadine Schulz, Thomas Herstel, 2005 Ping Zhou / CS 2310 Course Seminar17

18 THANK YOU! Ping Zhou / CS 2310 Course Seminar18


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