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2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 1 Types of Matter Miscellaneous Properties & Changes Types Of Mixtures Separation Techniques.

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Presentation on theme: "2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 1 Types of Matter Miscellaneous Properties & Changes Types Of Mixtures Separation Techniques."— Presentation transcript:

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2 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 1 Types of Matter Miscellaneous Properties & Changes Types Of Mixtures Separation Techniques

3 This theory says that all matter is made up of tiny particles in constant motion

4 . Kinetic Theory of Matter

5 In elements, these are all the same kind

6 Atoms

7 All mater can be divided into these two classes

8 Substances And Mixtures

9 VIDEO DOUBLE 1.Which shows a substance? 2.What type of substance?

10 VIDEO DOUBLE This represents a substance. What type? Compound

11 Which represents an element?

12 This represents an element.

13 This is the term for a homogeneous mixture.

14 Solution

15 This heterogeneous mixture does not separate.

16 This heterogeneous mixture does not separate. Colloid

17 This mixture will separate into layers if allowed to stand.

18 Suspension This mixture will separate into layers if allowed to stand.

19 This term means that one substance will dissolve in another.

20 Miscible

21 This term is used to describe something that is not uniform.

22 Heterogeneous

23 These are characteristics of matter that can be observed WITHOUT changing the substance.

24 Physical Properties Examples: conductivity, boiling point, color, texture,

25 This law says that when a chemical change takes place matter is not created or destroyed.

26 Law of Conservation of Mass

27 Combustion is an example of what type of change?

28 Combustion is an example of what type of change? Chemical Change When something burns its chemical composition is being changed into something else.

29 What kind of change occurs when ice melts?

30 Physical Change

31 DOUBLE Neon is an inert gas. 1.What kind of property is inertness? 2. What does inert mean?

32 1. Chemical Property 2. Does not react with other substances

33 This type of separation usually sorts particles based on size. Larger particles can not pass through.

34 This type of separation usually sorts particles based on size. Filtration

35 Distillation uses this physical property to separate mixtures.

36 Boiling Point

37 This type of separation uses the physical properties of iron to separate it from other substances.

38 This type of separation uses the physical properties of iron to separate if from other substances. Magnets

39 A student receives and unknown sample, mass of 4.5 g. She first mixes it with water and passes it through a filter, mass = 0.5 gram. She recovers 2.0 g of solid material. What percent mass of the sample is insoluble material?

40 A student receives and unknown sample, mass of 4.0 g. She first mixes it with water and passes it through a filter. She recovers 2.0 g of solid material. What percent mass of the sample is insoluble material? Mass solids recovered Mass Total Sample X 100% = 2.0 g 4.0 g X 100 = 50% solids

41 In this separation technique a mixture is separated as it interacts with the mobile and stationary phases.

42 Chromatography

43 This is the result of two or more elements becoming chemically bonded.

44 Compound

45 This is anything that has mass and takes up space.

46 Matter

47 Smog in air is an example of this type of heterogeneous mixture.

48 colloid

49 What is the density of a 10 g sample of rock with a volume of 5 cm 3 ?

50 D = m/v = 10g / 5 cm 3 = 2 g/cm 3

51 A gold bar has a mass of 12.5 kg. What is its volume if the density of pure gold is 19.3 g/cm 3 ?

52 A gold bar has a mass of 14,048 kg. What is its volume if the density of pure gold is 19.3 g/cm 3 ? D = m/V V = m/D V = 14,048 g / 19.3 g/cm 3 = 727.8 cm 3


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