2 Graphing Linear Equations A linear equation can be written in either slope-intercept formOr in standard formTo graph we find the y-intercept then apply the slope
3 Graphing Inequalities Inequalities are graphed by figuring where the solution starts and using an arrow to indicate the solution region
4 Linear Inequalities Equations The solutions to a linear equation are the ordered pairs (x,y) which make the equation…TRUEThe point ( 1, 2) is a solution to the equationInequalitiesSoThe solutions to a linear inequality are the ordered pairs (x,y) which make the inequality…TRUE
5 Solutions to Linear Inequalities Which ordered pairs make the inequality true?(0, 1)(1, 0)(10, -9)(-9, 10)In fact all of the points on the line make the inequality true.But what about points like…(3, 4), (0, 5) (-5, 8) (8, 9) (7, -4)
6 Solutions to Linear Inequalities (cont.) We can replace the points that form the boundary line with a lineAnd we can replace all of the points in the region above the line with a shaded regionThe graph of the line with a shaded region represents the graphical solution to the linear inequality above.
7 Graphing < or > Inequalities If we have an inequality with a > or < symbol we have to adjust the graphJust like on the number line if we want to indicate that the solution gets as close as possible but does not include a point we use an open circleSince we are using a line instead of a point to represent the boundary we use a dotted lineThe shaded region remains the same
8 Which Side to Shade?Graph the line which represents the boundary of the inequalityPick a test point to insert into the equation (usually the origin (0,0) if it is not on the line)If the point makes the inequality TRUE shade the side which includes the pointIf the points makes the inequality FALSE then shade the side that does not include the pointIn this caseIs true so shade the side with the test point
9 Graph the Linear Inequalities Pick (0, 0) as the test point