Presentation on theme: "EOC Vocabulary List #1-62. 1 This is an organism’s unique role in the environment that includes the habitat, function, and activities of the organism."— Presentation transcript:
EOC Vocabulary List #1-62
1 This is an organism’s unique role in the environment that includes the habitat, function, and activities of the organism.
2 This is a inter-species relationship in which one species benefits and the other species is harmed.
3 This is a inter-species relationship in which one species benefits and the other species is unaffected.
4 This is a inter-species relationship in which both species benefit.
5 This is an inter-species relationship in which one species captures, kills, and consumes another species for food.
6 This is any type of inter- species relationship in which two species live in a close relationship with each other.
7 This principle states that no two species can share the same niche in the same environment.
7 Competitive Exclusion
8 This is an organism that produces its own food using either sunlight and/or specific chemicals.
9 This is an organism that cannot produce its own food through chemical means.
10 This is the process by which organisms obtain energy in the form of ATP from carbohydrates.
10 Aerobic Cellular Respiration
11 This is the metabolic process that organisms will go through if there is no oxygen available after glycolysis.
12 This is the step of cellular respiration in which one glucose molecule is decomposed in order to produce pyruvate, ATP, and electron carriers.
13 This is the step of cellular respiration that requires oxygen in order to decompose pyruvate into carbon dioxide, ATP, and electron carriers.
13 Krebs Cycle
14 This is the step of cellular respiration that requires oxygen in order to produce the majority of the cells ATP using electron carriers and enzymes.
14 Electron Transport Chain
15 This is the process that uses sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide in order to produce carbohydrates and oxygen.
16 This is the step of photosynthesis that uses sunlight in order to split water molecules, produce oxygen, and store energy in ATP and electron carriers.
16 Light Dependent Reaction
17 This is the step of photosynthesis that uses carbon dioxide and the chemical energy stored in ATP and electron carriers to produce glucose.
17 Calvin Cycle
18 This is the green pigment that is responsible for absorbing sunlight in order to make glucose.
19 This is the level of classification that is determined by the ability of organisms to mate and produce fertile offspring.
20 This is the shift of allele frequencies in a population over generations of time.
21 This is the mechanism of evolution that states that certain variations of traits which provide a reproductive advantage will become more frequent in the population.
21 Natural Selection
22 This is the type of selection in which one organism chooses a mate based upon specific phenotypes.
22 Sexual Selection
23 This is the type of selection in which both extreme phenotypes are more beneficial than intermediate phenotypes.
23 Disruptive Selection
24 This is the type of selection in which intermediate phenotypes are more beneficial than the extreme phenotypes.
24 Stabilizing Selection
25 This is the type of selection in which one particular phenotype is more beneficial than the other phenotypes.
25 Directional Selection
26 This is the type of selection in which humans choose mates for individual organisms based upon specific phenotypes.
26 Artificial Selection
27 This is any inheritable trait that improves an organism’s ability to survive and reproduce.
28 This is an organism’s relative position in a sequence of energy transfers in a food chain or an energy pyramid.
28 Trophic Level
29 This is the amount of organic matter or living tissue produced within an ecosystem.
30 This is a type of growth rate in which the population continues to grow at a constant rate because resources are plentiful.
31 This is a type of growth rate in which the population growth begins to slow and eventually reaches an equilibrium with the environment because of limited resources.
32 This is the maximum number of individuals of a species that the environment can support due to limited resources.
32 Carrying Capacity
33 This is the development of a climax community that begins with bare soil. The primary species are usually short grasses.
33 Secondary Succession
34 This is the development of a climax community that begins with bare rock. The primary species are usually lichen.
34 Primary Succession
35 This is the level of organization that includes all biotic and abiotic factors in the environment.
36 This is the level of organization that includes all biotic factors but no abiotic factors in the environment.
37 This is the level of organization that includes similar ecosystems.
38 This is the level of organization that includes all of the portions of Earth that can sustain life.
39 This is the level of organization that includes all of the organisms of the same species in a specified area.
40 This is the level of organization that is considered the smallest unit of life.
41 This organelle is responsible for producing energy for a cell.
42 This organelle is responsible for producing lipids and detoxification of poisonous materials.
42 Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
43 This organelle is responsible for modifying proteins before they are packaged for export.
43 Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
44 This organelle is responsible for digestion of large molecules.
45 This organelle is responsible for making food through photosynthesis.
46 This is the organelle responsible for processing and packaging proteins prior to export.
46 Golgi Apparatus
47 This is the organelle responsible for protein synthesis.
48 This is when a vesicle fuses with the cell membrane in order to release substances such as proteins into the extracellular environment.
49 This is when the cell membrane forms a vesicle around fluid or solids in order to bring substances into the cytoplasm.
50 This type of cell does not have a nucleus or membrane bound organelles.
51 This type of cell has a nucleus and organelles with membranes, such as the endoplasmic reticulum.
52 This type of eukaryotic cell does not have a cell wall and are all heterotrophs.
53 This type of eukaryotic cell has a large central vacuole and are all autotrophs.
54 All prokaryotes are ___.
55 This is the type of cellular transport that does not use energy but requires a protein channel to cross the cell membrane.
55 Facilitated Diffusion
56 This is the type of cellular transport that moves molecules against the concentration gradient and requires the input of energy.
56 Active Transport
57 This is the diffusion of water across a semipermeable membrane.
58 This is the movement of molecules from high concentration to low concentration.
59 In this type of solution, a cell will gain mass and swell because of osmosis.
60 In this type of solution, a cell will shrink and lose mass because of osmosis.
61 In this type of solution, a cell will stay the same size and mass because it is at equilibrium with the solution.
62 This is the amount of solutes per unit of solvent within any given solution.