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EOC Vocabulary List #1-62. 1 This is an organism’s unique role in the environment that includes the habitat, function, and activities of the organism.

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Presentation on theme: "EOC Vocabulary List #1-62. 1 This is an organism’s unique role in the environment that includes the habitat, function, and activities of the organism."— Presentation transcript:

1 EOC Vocabulary List #1-62

2 1 This is an organism’s unique role in the environment that includes the habitat, function, and activities of the organism.

3 1 Niche

4 2 This is a inter-species relationship in which one species benefits and the other species is harmed.

5 2 Parasitism

6 3 This is a inter-species relationship in which one species benefits and the other species is unaffected.

7 3 Commensalism

8 4 This is a inter-species relationship in which both species benefit.

9 4 Mutualism

10 5 This is an inter-species relationship in which one species captures, kills, and consumes another species for food.

11 5 Predation

12 6 This is any type of inter- species relationship in which two species live in a close relationship with each other.

13 6 Symbiosis

14 7 This principle states that no two species can share the same niche in the same environment.

15 7 Competitive Exclusion

16 8 This is an organism that produces its own food using either sunlight and/or specific chemicals.

17 8 Autotroph

18 9 This is an organism that cannot produce its own food through chemical means.

19 9 Heterotroph

20 10 This is the process by which organisms obtain energy in the form of ATP from carbohydrates.

21 10 Aerobic Cellular Respiration

22 11 This is the metabolic process that organisms will go through if there is no oxygen available after glycolysis.

23 11 Fermentation

24 12 This is the step of cellular respiration in which one glucose molecule is decomposed in order to produce pyruvate, ATP, and electron carriers.

25 12 Glycolysis

26 13 This is the step of cellular respiration that requires oxygen in order to decompose pyruvate into carbon dioxide, ATP, and electron carriers.

27 13 Krebs Cycle

28 14 This is the step of cellular respiration that requires oxygen in order to produce the majority of the cells ATP using electron carriers and enzymes.

29 14 Electron Transport Chain

30 15 This is the process that uses sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide in order to produce carbohydrates and oxygen.

31 15 Photosynthesis

32 16 This is the step of photosynthesis that uses sunlight in order to split water molecules, produce oxygen, and store energy in ATP and electron carriers.

33 16 Light Dependent Reaction

34 17 This is the step of photosynthesis that uses carbon dioxide and the chemical energy stored in ATP and electron carriers to produce glucose.

35 17 Calvin Cycle

36 18 This is the green pigment that is responsible for absorbing sunlight in order to make glucose.

37 18 Chlorophyll

38 19 This is the level of classification that is determined by the ability of organisms to mate and produce fertile offspring.

39 19 Species

40 20 This is the shift of allele frequencies in a population over generations of time.

41 20 Evolution

42 21 This is the mechanism of evolution that states that certain variations of traits which provide a reproductive advantage will become more frequent in the population.

43 21 Natural Selection

44 22 This is the type of selection in which one organism chooses a mate based upon specific phenotypes.

45 22 Sexual Selection

46 23 This is the type of selection in which both extreme phenotypes are more beneficial than intermediate phenotypes.

47 23 Disruptive Selection

48 24 This is the type of selection in which intermediate phenotypes are more beneficial than the extreme phenotypes.

49 24 Stabilizing Selection

50 25 This is the type of selection in which one particular phenotype is more beneficial than the other phenotypes.

51 25 Directional Selection

52 26 This is the type of selection in which humans choose mates for individual organisms based upon specific phenotypes.

53 26 Artificial Selection

54 27 This is any inheritable trait that improves an organism’s ability to survive and reproduce.

55 27 Adaptation

56 28 This is an organism’s relative position in a sequence of energy transfers in a food chain or an energy pyramid.

57 28 Trophic Level

58 29 This is the amount of organic matter or living tissue produced within an ecosystem.

59 29 Biomass

60 30 This is a type of growth rate in which the population continues to grow at a constant rate because resources are plentiful.

61 30 Exponential

62 31 This is a type of growth rate in which the population growth begins to slow and eventually reaches an equilibrium with the environment because of limited resources.

63 31 Logistic

64 32 This is the maximum number of individuals of a species that the environment can support due to limited resources.

65 32 Carrying Capacity

66 33 This is the development of a climax community that begins with bare soil. The primary species are usually short grasses.

67 33 Secondary Succession

68 34 This is the development of a climax community that begins with bare rock. The primary species are usually lichen.

69 34 Primary Succession

70 35 This is the level of organization that includes all biotic and abiotic factors in the environment.

71 35 Ecosystem

72 36 This is the level of organization that includes all biotic factors but no abiotic factors in the environment.

73 36 Community

74 37 This is the level of organization that includes similar ecosystems.

75 37 Biome

76 38 This is the level of organization that includes all of the portions of Earth that can sustain life.

77 38 Biosphere

78 39 This is the level of organization that includes all of the organisms of the same species in a specified area.

79 39 Population

80 40 This is the level of organization that is considered the smallest unit of life.

81 40 Cell

82 41 This organelle is responsible for producing energy for a cell.

83 41 Mitochondria

84 42 This organelle is responsible for producing lipids and detoxification of poisonous materials.

85 42 Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum

86 43 This organelle is responsible for modifying proteins before they are packaged for export.

87 43 Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum

88 44 This organelle is responsible for digestion of large molecules.

89 44 Lysosome

90 45 This organelle is responsible for making food through photosynthesis.

91 45 Chloroplast

92 46 This is the organelle responsible for processing and packaging proteins prior to export.

93 46 Golgi Apparatus

94 47 This is the organelle responsible for protein synthesis.

95 47 Ribosome

96 48 This is when a vesicle fuses with the cell membrane in order to release substances such as proteins into the extracellular environment.

97 48 Exocytosis

98 49 This is when the cell membrane forms a vesicle around fluid or solids in order to bring substances into the cytoplasm.

99 49 Endocytosis

100 50 This type of cell does not have a nucleus or membrane bound organelles.

101 50 Prokaryote

102 51 This type of cell has a nucleus and organelles with membranes, such as the endoplasmic reticulum.

103 51 Eukaryote

104 52 This type of eukaryotic cell does not have a cell wall and are all heterotrophs.

105 52 Animal

106 53 This type of eukaryotic cell has a large central vacuole and are all autotrophs.

107 53 Plant

108 54 All prokaryotes are ___.

109 54 Bacteria

110 55 This is the type of cellular transport that does not use energy but requires a protein channel to cross the cell membrane.

111 55 Facilitated Diffusion

112 56 This is the type of cellular transport that moves molecules against the concentration gradient and requires the input of energy.

113 56 Active Transport

114 57 This is the diffusion of water across a semipermeable membrane.

115 57 Osmosis

116 58 This is the movement of molecules from high concentration to low concentration.

117 58 Diffusion

118 59 In this type of solution, a cell will gain mass and swell because of osmosis.

119 59 Hypotonic

120 60 In this type of solution, a cell will shrink and lose mass because of osmosis.

121 60 Hypertonic

122 61 In this type of solution, a cell will stay the same size and mass because it is at equilibrium with the solution.

123 61 Isotonic

124 62 This is the amount of solutes per unit of solvent within any given solution.

125 62 Concentration


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