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Evaluating funding modes towards a concept of funding ecologies Ulf Sandström KTH Stockholm Peter van den Besselaar VU University Amsterdam Org Science.

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Presentation on theme: "Evaluating funding modes towards a concept of funding ecologies Ulf Sandström KTH Stockholm Peter van den Besselaar VU University Amsterdam Org Science."— Presentation transcript:

1 Evaluating funding modes towards a concept of funding ecologies Ulf Sandström KTH Stockholm Peter van den Besselaar VU University Amsterdam Org Science & Network Institute

2 Proliferation of funding modes New policy aims -> new funding modes – Strengthening competition (councils) – Career grant schemes – Excellence programs – Strategic knowledge: large scale programs – Useful knowledge: thematic programs – International funding in various ways 14/11/2013van den Besselaar FTEval 20132

3 From evaluating funding institutions and programs … Evaluating of funding institutions and individual funding instruments – Does the evaluated funding institution/instruments work well? But what is “well”? Frame of reference? – Comparison? But how and with what? – Different funders/instruments fulfill different and complementary roles 14/11/20133van den Besselaar FTEval 2013

4 … to evaluating the funding ecology 414/11/2013van den Besselaar FTEval 2013

5 Funding ecology Complex landscape of funders and funding instruments with partly different and partly overlapping agenda’s – Overlapping: this leads to competition between funders, opening up the system for variety – Different: specializing, niche seeking, searching for the promising fields, application domains, procedures and instruments -> variety 14/11/2013van den Besselaar FTEval 20135

6 Competition & complementarity – What is the optimal funding ecology? – Avoiding duplication of instruments? – Variety versus size? 14/11/2013van den Besselaar FTEval 20136

7 Three tasks in analyzing the funding ecology Describe – Distinguish modes and instruments – Measure the output and impact by funding mode – At field level Compare the funding institutions/instruments Understand the dynamics of funding ecologies – Optimal variety and size and under what conditions 14/11/2013van den Besselaar FTEval 20137

8 Ongoing research Impact of large thematic programs – Knowledge for Climate program Searching for excellence and the effects of funding – Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation – With Ulf Sandstrom and Agnes Wold Ongoing work -> scattered results up to now 14/11/2013van den Besselaar FTEval 20138

9 Description: comparison and complementarity of funders Do different funding modes differ in terms of: – Organizational forms, procedures, criteria – Topical focus – Productivity, impact, innovativeness, societal relevance 14/11/2013van den Besselaar FTEval 20139

10 Methods and data WoS data; delineation of fields Topical structure Field normalized impact Publ: 2009/2010; Cit. window 2010-12 Clean/disambiguate funders Classify funders: funder type 1014/11/2013van den Besselaar FTEval 2013

11 Empirical examples Two dimensions – Impact by funding mode – Topical coverage by funding mode Two fields – climate change research – immunology Two countries – Sweden – the Netherlands 14/11/201311van den Besselaar FTEval 2013

12 Funding modes / organizations Universities Public research Institutes – Fundamental – Applied Councils – Basic – Applied Organizations – Private foundations – NGO’s – Societies Thematic – Large national programs – Thematic councils EC: – FW program – ERC, Marie Curie Foreign funders Companies No funders mentioned 1214/11/2013van den Besselaar FTEval 2013

13 Delineation Climate change research: search terms (TS) Immunology: journals (WoS research area) More fields/countries in next phase 14/11/2013van den Besselaar FTEval 201313

14 New funders: climate change research 1988-2012 1414/11/2013van den Besselaar FTEval 2013

15 Impact by funder (NL-climate) 1514/11/2013van den Besselaar FTEval 2013

16 Impact by funder (NL-climate) 1614/11/2013van den Besselaar FTEval 2013

17 Topical diifferences (NL-climate) 14/11/201317van den Besselaar FTEval 2013

18 Impact by funder (Sw-climate) 14/11/201318van den Besselaar FTEval 2013

19 Int. co-auth. papers (Sw-climate) 14/11/201319van den Besselaar FTEval 2013

20 Nat auth papers (Sw-climate) 14/11/201320van den Besselaar FTEval 2013

21 Summary of findings up to now Impact: – International funding > national funding – Partly but not fully international collaboration effect – Funding conditions are important Topics: differences & overlap 14/11/2013van den Besselaar FTEval 201321

22 Current work Extending the analysis to other fields and countries: – Patterns (1): relation between output/impact variables and number of funders / funder types – Patterns (2): relation between output/impact variables and size of funders / instruments 14/11/2013van den Besselaar FTEval 201322

23 Extending the evidence Similar results for Immunology – International funders > national funders – Effect remains (but smaller) when controlling for international co-authorship – Funding conditions matter Size of instrument matters: – Size/selection trade off 14/11/2013van den Besselaar FTEval 201323

24 Predictive validity by competition level 9/05/13Peter van den Besselaar / predictive validity24

25 Conclusions and further work Comparing funding modes and instruments seems promising Technical improvements (classification funding modes, organizational differences, statistics) More fields, more countries More performance indicators (e.g., societal impact) Empirical regularities? And then explanations. Lessons about individual funding modes / instruments Lessons about funding ecologies 14/11/201325van den Besselaar FTEval 2013

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