2 What are the two types of diabetic emergencies? Hyperglycemia - (high blood sugar)Hypoglycemia - (low blood sugar)
3 A person in diabetic insulin shock is suffering from Hypoglycemia
4 _______ _______ is a situation where a person diagnosed with diabetes lose consciousness due to either very high blood sugar (hyperglycemia) or very low blood sugar (hypoglycemia).Diabetic comaIf no medical attention seek, diabetic coma is a life threatening condition.
5 What would you do with severed fingers? Place them in a plastic bag and keep cool.
6 How do you treat an upper arm fracture? SplintSlingSwathSplintSlingSwath
7 What is the symptom of a close fracture? swelling
8 What would normally cause an entrance and exit wound on a patient? Knife wound to the wristBulletKnifelightning (electricity)A gun shot wound to the face and neck
9 How would you treat a closed chest injury? Use Body Substance Isolation (BSI): blood, urine, feces, tears and Personal Protection Equipment (PPE): gloves, maskAirway, Breathing, and Circulation (ABC)Perform ongoing assessment for life-threatening injuries. Maintain ABCs, and treat for at for shock.
10 How do oxygen get to the toes from breathing in? Bloodstream
11 How much do you elevate the feet while treating for shock? 8-12 inches
12 A ________is a closed injury that appears as a discolored lump. Hematoma (swelling)
13 This is the obvious discoloration (black and blue) of the soft tissue at the injury site. Bruising
14 This is a closed injury that is discolored and painful at the injury site. Contusion (bruising)
15 A bus accident with multiple persons onboard with injuries is a Mass Casualty Incident (MCI)
16 How long should you flush chemicals from your eyes?
18 Where would you apply an occlusive dressing? Neck Chest abdomen
19 Where would you apply an occlusive dressing and use Vaseline if necessary? Neck chest
20 A three year old falls and scrapes her knee. This is known as an abrasion
21 This is an open wound where the organs protrude. Evisceration
22 This is a "shock like condition" produced by excessive fear, joy, anger, or grief. Psychogenic shock.
23 This shock is cause by bleeding out. Hypovolemic shock
24 What would you do if the amniotic sac did not break as the baby's head start to deliver? tear it open with your fingers and push it away from the baby’s nose and mouth
25 ________the soles of the baby's feet to __________ if the baby is not breathing upon delivery. Flickstimulate breathing
26 Rapid transport to medical facility is crucial. If the fetus's leg or arm appears first, a physician needs to deliver this baby.Rapid transport to medical facility is crucial.
27 If the fetus's hand is on top of head, this means ________ the baby is coming too fast; slow it down.
28 Treatment for seizures use BSI & PPE, clear the area around patient to prevent further injury, monitor the patient, after the seizure, use ABCs and treat for shock.
29 What are some causes of seizures? Epilepsy, diabetes, shock, head injury, trauma, stroke, high fever, poisoning, complications from pregnancy, unknown causes.
30 How do you get carbon monoxide out of your body? Breathing fresh air
31 When will you move a patient at the scene? Officer safety, patient safety, gain access to another patient.
32 When the situation is not urgent with a patient, what should you do? Nothing
33 Signs of food poisoning burns around the mouth, odd breath odor, nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, diarrhea, altered mental status, breathing difficulty, seizures.
34 What are the two types of wounds? Open and closed
35 After initial assessment of ABCs do secondary or physical assessment
36 Define SAMPLEmethod to help officer acquire information useful in determining causes of injury or illness. S: signs and symptoms Allergies: does the patient have allergies? Medications: is the patient currently taking medications; when was the last dose? Past history: what other medical problems may contribute to the patient’s current condition? Last oral intake: when did the patient last eat or drink? Events: what events led to this incident?
37 S - Signs & symptoms (What can you see? What does the patient feel?) SAMPLES - Signs & symptoms (What can you see? What does the patient feel?)A - allergies (Does the patient have allergies) M - medications (is the patient currently taking medications; when was last dose)P - Past history (what other medical problems may contribute to patient current condition)L - last oral intake (when did the patient last eat or drink)E- events (what events led to this situation)
38 What are the ways to control bleeding? Direct pressure, pressure point, elevation
39 What is the primary way to control bleeding? Direct pressure
40 How do you treat an eyeball laceration? Cover it with a moist dressing and apply bandage to both eyes.Avulsed eye and lacerations to the forehead
41 How do you treat trauma to the eye socket that cause the eyeball to come out of its socket? Do not restore the eyeball to the socket, cover with moist dressing, bandage both eyesAvulsed eye with impaled protractor
42 Adequate breathing for a patient good chest rise, good air, capillary refills
43 How do you treat burn patients ABCs, scene safety, stop the burning
44 Bright red blood spurts from a wound, indicating a severed or damaged artery Arterial bleeding
45 Dark red blood flows steady from a wound, indicating a severed or damaged vein. Venous bleeding
46 Dark red blood oozes slowly from a wound, indicating damaged capillaries Capillary bleeding
47 Two pressure points are commonly used to control bleeding. Brachial & Femoral arteries
48 The neck contains __________ major blood vessels and the windpipe (trachea)
49 For deep lacerations of the neck, apply an_______dressing. occlusive
50 When can an impaled object be removed? When its blocking the airwayWire impaled in the hand
51 Capillary refills should not ________ be great than 2 seconds.