Presentation on theme: "Extensive Reading Intervention in K-3"— Presentation transcript:
1 Extensive Reading Intervention in K-3 Bruce HawkAngel HaworthTina StelogeannisTeresa VilesSusan Zahner
2 We know considerably more about the effectiveness of early interventions than we do about interventions provided at later stages of development.
3 All of the effective early interventions examined in these studies shared four essential elements training in phonological awareness, decoding, and word study;Guided and independent reading of progressively more difficult textswriting exercises;and engaging students in practicingcomprehension strategies while reading text.
4 Other elements of these interventions that may be related to their success include group size (one-on-one, small group),the daily or near-daily frequency of the intervention sessions,and the early identification (in K or Grade 1) of students in need of intervention. These elements were evident though not directly tested in most relevant research studies.
5 Most of these implications apply best to students who are judged to be To Consider:Most of these implications apply best to students who are judged to beamong the 20% to 25% most at risk for reading problems at the beginningof kindergarten, first, or second grade. As the research intervention literatureextends to more severely disabled students, these conclusions may need tobe modified.
6 Implications for Practice Extensive interventions can be effective when provided by relatively lost cost implementers (paras).A range of training was provided to the interventionists.Gains from early extensive interventions appear to be maintained over time—at least into second grade.No single intervention is “the right way”
7 Other Elements Group size: One on one or small group Daily or near daily frequency100 Sessions per yearDuration: minutes
8 Cost of Interventions Average per student $2,000 per year Range: $156-$6,500
9 Outcome Measures Included Spelling test consisting of 12 words administered on the screening pretest and 3 new wordsWord recognition test involving 40 common words from first- and second-grade materials
10 Implications Continued… Passage reading test where six progressively more difficult 100-word passages were presentedFollow-up assessment in fall of second grade using the Woodcock Reading Mastery Test and Word Identification, Word Attack, and Passage Comprehension subtests.