Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Nursing Research in America. Barbara J. Speck, PhD, RN Barbara J. Speck, PhD, RN Visiting Faculty Scholar Visiting Faculty Scholar Shandong University.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Nursing Research in America. Barbara J. Speck, PhD, RN Barbara J. Speck, PhD, RN Visiting Faculty Scholar Visiting Faculty Scholar Shandong University."— Presentation transcript:

1 Nursing Research in America

2 Barbara J. Speck, PhD, RN Barbara J. Speck, PhD, RN Visiting Faculty Scholar Visiting Faculty Scholar Shandong University School of Nursing Shandong University School of Nursing Jinan, Shandong, China Jinan, Shandong, China Associate Professor Associate Professor University of Louisville School of Nursing University of Louisville School of Nursing Louisville, Kentucky, USA Louisville, Kentucky, USA

3 Nursing Research Historical perspective Historical perspective National Institutes of Health National Institutes of Health National Institute of Nursing Research National Institute of Nursing Research University Faculty Research University Faculty Research Programs of research and areas of interest Programs of research and areas of interest Publications in Research Journals Publications in Research Journals Research Funding Research Funding

4 Historical Perspective Early nursing research in America began over 100 years ago Early nursing research in America began over 100 years ago Limited nursing research until 1950s Limited nursing research until 1950s Nursing Research first published, 1951 Nursing Research first published, 1951 Nurses earned graduate degrees Nurses earned graduate degrees Masters degree Masters degree PhD degrees were earned in Social Sciences/Education PhD degrees were earned in Social Sciences/Education Now more than 100 PhD programs in Schools of Nursing in America Now more than 100 PhD programs in Schools of Nursing in America Multiple journals for publication Multiple journals for publication

5 What is Nursing Research? Nursing research develops knowledge to Build scientific foundation for clinical practice Build scientific foundation for clinical practice Prevent disease and disability Prevent disease and disability Manage and eliminate symptoms of illness Manage and eliminate symptoms of illness Enhance end-of-life and palliative care Enhance end-of-life and palliative care (National Institute of Nursing Research, 2011)

6 National Institutes of Health (NIH) The National Institutes of Health provides funding for research through 27 institutes and centers The National Institutes of Health provides funding for research through 27 institutes and centers Peer review of proposals is rigorous Peer review of proposals is rigorous National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR) National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR) National Center for Nursing Research became an institute in National Center for Nursing Research became an institute in (National Institutes of Health, 2011)

7 National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR) 2006 Strategic Plan: Nursing Research Areas of Emphasis Health promotion and disease prevention (HPDP) Health promotion and disease prevention (HPDP) Improve quality of life Improve quality of life Eliminate health disparities Eliminate health disparities End of life care End of life care (National Institute of Nursing Research, 2006) 2008 Executive Report: Research Priorities Mothers and Infants Mothers and Infants HIV Infection HIV Infection Elderly, Long Term Care Elderly, Long Term Care Symptom management Symptom management Informatics Informatics Technology Technology (National Institute of Nursing, 2011)

8 Ongoing Research Interests NINR supports research studies in addition to the 10 focus areas NINR supports research studies in addition to the 10 focus areas Investigator-initiated ideas Investigator-initiated ideas Understudied topics Understudied topics Collaboration with other Institutes at the National Institutes of Health Collaboration with other Institutes at the National Institutes of Health

9 Nursing Research Makes a Difference Community level intervention to improve management of hypertension in high risk African-American young men. Community level intervention to improve management of hypertension in high risk African-American young men. Use of coping skills training to help adolescents understand how to manage their type I diabetes. Use of coping skills training to help adolescents understand how to manage their type I diabetes.

10 Nursing Research Makes a Difference Positive effect of culturally sensitive intervention focused on preparing healthy, low-fat foods with practical strategies to reduce the use of fats in rural minorities. Positive effect of culturally sensitive intervention focused on preparing healthy, low-fat foods with practical strategies to reduce the use of fats in rural minorities. Improving cardiovascular health of school children through health promotion interventions. Improving cardiovascular health of school children through health promotion interventions. (National Institute of Nursing Research, 2006)

11 Snapshot of Nursing Research Nursing faculty research programs at major American universities Nursing faculty research programs at major American universities Publications in nursing research journals Publications in nursing research journals

12 Nursing Research: U.S. Universities University of California San Francisco University of California San Francisco University of Pennsylvania University of Pennsylvania University of Washington University of Washington Johns Hopkins University Johns Hopkins University

13 University of California San Francisco In 2010 UCSF School of Nursing received almost $10 million US dollars in funding from the National Institutes of Health. In 2010 UCSF School of Nursing received almost $10 million US dollars in funding from the National Institutes of Health. $10 million dollars is about 2% of the total all Schools at UCSF received for funding from NIH in $10 million dollars is about 2% of the total all Schools at UCSF received for funding from NIH in (National Institutes of Health Online Reports, 2011)

14 University of California San Francisco School of Nursing Faculty NINR research focus areas: NINR research focus areas: Health promotion and disease prevention Health promotion and disease prevention Quality of life Quality of life Health disparities Health disparities Symptom management Symptom management Technology Technology

15 University of California San Francisco Other Research Focus Areas Biobehavioral research Biobehavioral research Patient safety Patient safety Violence and trauma Violence and trauma Genetics Genetics Health care workers Health care workers Nursing education and practice Nursing education and practice

16 University of California San Francisco International Collaborations Australia Australia Brazil Brazil Canada Canada France France Israel Israel Italy Italy Norway Norway Mozambique Mozambique South Africa South Africa Switzerland Switzerland Tanzania Tanzania Western Kenya Western Kenya (University of California San Francisco School of Nursing, 2011)

17 University of Pennsylvania In 2010 UPenn School of Nursing received almost $9.5 million US dollars in funding from the National Institutes of Health. In 2010 UPenn School of Nursing received almost $9.5 million US dollars in funding from the National Institutes of Health. $9.5 million dollars is about 2.5% of the total all Schools at UPenn received for funding from NIH in $9.5 million dollars is about 2.5% of the total all Schools at UPenn received for funding from NIH in (National Institutes of Health Online Reports, 2011)

18 University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing Faculty NINR Research Focus Areas: NINR Research Focus Areas: Health promotion and disease prevention Health promotion and disease prevention Quality of Life Quality of Life Health disparities Health disparities Symptom Management Symptom Management

19 University of Pennsylvania Other Research Focus Areas Measurement Measurement Recruitment and Retention Recruitment and Retention Acute care Acute care Nursing History Nursing History Nursing Outcomes Nursing Outcomes Nurse safety and nurse staffing Nurse safety and nurse staffing (University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, 2011)

20 University of Washington In 2010 UW School of Nursing received almost $8 million US dollars in funding from the National Institutes of Health. In 2010 UW School of Nursing received almost $8 million US dollars in funding from the National Institutes of Health. $8 million dollars is about 2% of the total all Schools at UW received for funding from NIH in $8 million dollars is about 2% of the total all Schools at UW received for funding from NIH in (National Institutes of Health Online Reports, 2011)

21 University of Washington School of Nursing Faculty NINR Research Focus Areas: Health promotion and disease prevention Health promotion and disease prevention Quality of Life Quality of Life Health disparities Health disparities End of Life End of Life Symptom Management Symptom Management

22 University of Washington Other Research Focus Areas Research Methods (statistics and recruitment) Research Methods (statistics and recruitment) Rural Health Rural Health Caregivers Caregivers Occupational Health Occupational Health Genetics Genetics Nursing Workforce Nursing Workforce Nursing Education Nursing Education (University of Washington School of Nursing, 2011)

23 Johns Hopkins University In 2010 JHU School of Nursing received almost $6 million US dollars in funding from the National Institutes of Health. In 2010 JHU School of Nursing received almost $6 million US dollars in funding from the National Institutes of Health. $6 million dollars is about 1% of the total all Schools at JH received for funding from NIH in $6 million dollars is about 1% of the total all Schools at JH received for funding from NIH in (National Institutes of Health Online Reports, 2011)

24 Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing Faculty NINR Research Focus Areas: NINR Research Focus Areas: Health promotion and disease prevention Health promotion and disease prevention Quality of Life Quality of Life Health disparities Health disparities End of Life End of Life Symptom Management Symptom Management

25 Johns Hopkins University Other Research Focus Areas Other Research Focus Areas Measurement Measurement Rural Health Rural Health Basic Science Basic Science Violence Violence Palliative Care Palliative Care Health Literacy Health Literacy Nursing Education and Nursing Shortage Nursing Education and Nursing Shortage

26 Faculty Research and NINR Current faculty research includes focus areas identified in the Strategic Plan and Executive Summary as well as many other areas of research. Current faculty research includes focus areas identified in the Strategic Plan and Executive Summary as well as many other areas of research. Many faculty research programs were developed before the NINR Strategic Plan. Many faculty research programs were developed before the NINR Strategic Plan. This is a small sample of all nursing research in America. This is a small sample of all nursing research in America. NINR is committed to funding nursing research that has the potential to make a difference in improving health status. NINR is committed to funding nursing research that has the potential to make a difference in improving health status.

27 Institutional Review Board All research in America with human subjects must be approved by a review board. All research in America with human subjects must be approved by a review board. The purpose is specifically to protect human subjects rights. The purpose is specifically to protect human subjects rights. The application can be very complex and includes the informed consent document each subject must sign before participation. The application can be very complex and includes the informed consent document each subject must sign before participation.

28 Informed Consent The Informed Consent form is likely to be long and complex. The Informed Consent form is likely to be long and complex. Parents sign for minor age children and older children sign an assent form. Parents sign for minor age children and older children sign an assent form. It is the responsibility of the researcher to submit the application and comply with all regulations, including assurance the subject understands the form before signing. It is the responsibility of the researcher to submit the application and comply with all regulations, including assurance the subject understands the form before signing.

29 Publication Dozens of journals for nurses to submit their research for publication Dozens of journals for nurses to submit their research for publication Nurses submit manuscripts to both nursing and non-nursing journals Nurses submit manuscripts to both nursing and non-nursing journals For researchers, publication is a responsibility for dissemination of results. For researchers, publication is a responsibility for dissemination of results. Presentations at research and professional conferences are important; publication is essential. Presentations at research and professional conferences are important; publication is essential.

30 Peer Review The peer review process is required by many journals. The peer review process is required by many journals. Manuscripts are sent to 2 or 3 peer reviewers for critical review. Manuscripts are sent to 2 or 3 peer reviewers for critical review. Criteria include evaluation of design, sample, instruments, procedures, analysis and conclusions. Criteria include evaluation of design, sample, instruments, procedures, analysis and conclusions. One of the criteria for review is often related to theory or conceptual model that frames the study. One of the criteria for review is often related to theory or conceptual model that frames the study.

31 Publication Journals that publish the highest quality of research are the most difficult for acceptance. Journals that publish the highest quality of research are the most difficult for acceptance. Journals reject many manuscripts each year: Journals reject many manuscripts each year: Lack quality; lack clarity Lack quality; lack clarity Too many manuscripts and not enough space Too many manuscripts and not enough space Manuscript not appropriate for the journal Manuscript not appropriate for the journal

32 Nursing Journals Three Nursing Research Journals Three Nursing Research Journals Nursing Research Nursing Research Research in Nursing & Health Research in Nursing & Health Western Journal of Nursing Research Western Journal of Nursing Research Year Year

33 Nursing Research First published in 1951 First published in 1951 Peer-reviewed Peer-reviewed Published six times per year Published six times per year

34 Nursing Research Summary of Articles related to the Research topics in the 10 NINR Focus areas: Summary of Articles related to the Research topics in the 10 NINR Focus areas: Health Promotion and Disease Prevention (7) Health Promotion and Disease Prevention (7) Quality of Life (2) Quality of Life (2) Disparities (a component of multiple articles) Disparities (a component of multiple articles) Mothers and Infants (3) Mothers and Infants (3) Symptom management (1) Symptom management (1)

35 Nursing Research Other Research Topics: Other Research Topics: Research Methods (7) Research Methods (7) Measurement (8) Measurement (8) Theoretical or Theory (1) Theoretical or Theory (1) Meta-analysis (2) Meta-analysis (2) Chronic Diseases (6) Chronic Diseases (6) Acute Care (2) Acute Care (2) Children (3) Children (3) Geriatrics (2) Geriatrics (2) Alternative Interventions (4) Alternative Interventions (4) Evidence-based practice (6) Evidence-based practice (6) Military focused articles Military focused articles Nurses (5) Nurses (5)

36 Research in Nursing & Health First published in 1978 First published in 1978 Peer-reviewed Peer-reviewed Published six times per year Published six times per year

37 Research in Nursing & Health Summary of Articles related to the Research topics in the 10 NINR Focus areas: Summary of Articles related to the Research topics in the 10 NINR Focus areas: Health Promotion and Disease Prevention (4) Health Promotion and Disease Prevention (4) Disparities (a component of multiple articles) Disparities (a component of multiple articles) Maternal/Child (4) Maternal/Child (4)

38 Research in Nursing & Health Other Research Topics: Other Research Topics: Research Methods (9) Research Methods (9) Measurement (4) Measurement (4) Theoretical or Theory (4) Theoretical or Theory (4) Chronic Diseases (9) Chronic Diseases (9) Autism (1) Autism (1) Community-based nursing (1) Community-based nursing (1) Nurses or Nursing Education (5) Nurses or Nursing Education (5)

39 Western Journal of Nursing Research First published in 1979 First published in 1979 Peer-reviewed Peer-reviewed Published eight times per year Published eight times per year

40 Western Journal of Nursing Research Summary of Articles Related to the topics in the 10 NINR Focus areas: Summary of Articles Related to the topics in the 10 NINR Focus areas: Health Promotion and Disease Prevention (10) Health Promotion and Disease Prevention (10) Quality of Life (1) Quality of Life (1) Disparities a component of multiple articles Disparities a component of multiple articles Maternal/Child (3) Maternal/Child (3)

41 Western Journal of Nursing Research Other Research Topics Other Research Topics Research Methods (4) Research Methods (4) Measurement (4) Measurement (4) Research Review (1) Research Review (1) Theoretical or Theory (4) Theoretical or Theory (4) Chronic Diseases (7) Chronic Diseases (7) Acute Care (2) Acute Care (2) Substance Abuse (2) Substance Abuse (2) Geriatrics (2) Geriatrics (2) Womens Health (3) Womens Health (3) Nurses or Nursing Education (11) Nurses or Nursing Education (11)

42 Funding for Nursing Research Funding for Nursing Research

43 Funding Essential for most nursing research Essential for most nursing research Funding Sources: U.S. Government Funding Sources: U.S. Government National Institutes of Health National Institutes of Health U.S. Department of Agriculture U.S. Department of Agriculture Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Agency for Health Care Research & Quality Agency for Health Care Research & Quality Department of Veterans Affairs Department of Veterans Affairs

44 Funding National Organizations for Specific Diseases National Organizations for Specific Diseases American Heart Association American Heart Association American Diabetes Association American Diabetes Association American Cancer Society American Cancer Society

45 Funding Professional Organizations Professional Organizations American Nurses Foundation American Nurses Foundation Sigma Theta Tau, International Sigma Theta Tau, International Oncology Nurses Society Oncology Nurses Society Industry Industry Pharmaceutical Companies Pharmaceutical Companies Medical Equipment Companies Medical Equipment Companies

46 FUNDING Other Sources of Funding University and Schools University and Schools State or City Governments State or City Governments Local organizations Local organizations Local Foundations Local Foundations

47 Summary Nursing research in America has increased in quantity and improved in quality over the last 60 years. Nursing research in America has increased in quantity and improved in quality over the last 60 years. Focus areas for research are diverse. Focus areas for research are diverse. Funding is necessary for most studies. Funding is necessary for most studies. Dissemination of results of research is essential and is the responsibility of the researcher or research team. Dissemination of results of research is essential and is the responsibility of the researcher or research team.

48 References Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing, Currently Funded Research and Sponsored Projects. Retrieved from August 25, National Institutes of Health, Retrieved from October 4, National Institutes of Health Online Reports. Retrieved from August 25, National Institute of Nursing Research. Retrieved from August 22, National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR): Changing practice, changing lives, NINR Strategic Plan. (2006). United States Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS). Retrieved from August 22, University of California San Francisco School of Nursing, Retrieved from August 24, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Retrieved from August 25, University of Washington School of Nursing. Retrieved from August 25,


Download ppt "Nursing Research in America. Barbara J. Speck, PhD, RN Barbara J. Speck, PhD, RN Visiting Faculty Scholar Visiting Faculty Scholar Shandong University."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google