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"Legal Issues in Private Equity and Listings for Chinese Companies"

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Presentation on theme: ""Legal Issues in Private Equity and Listings for Chinese Companies""— Presentation transcript:

1 "Legal Issues in Private Equity and Listings for Chinese Companies"
Mason Ching, LL.M. Principal Mason Ching & Associates 16 October 2008

2 Speakers’ Profile Mason Ching is the founder of Mason Ching & Associates. He is qualified to practise in Hong Kong and England & Wales and holds an LLM degree with distinction in technology and investment laws. His experience is gained in Baker & McKenzie. His expertise is in venture investment, PRC direct investment, fund establishment, securities, listing, takeovers and other corporate finance matters.

3 Form of Private Equity Investment
Convertible Loan Preference Shares Series A or Series B Convertible Redeemable Voting Preference Warrants Common Shares

4 Terms of investment Board seats Veto rights on certain key actions
Information rights Profit guarantee and price adjustment When to convert Rights of preferred shares

5 Protective Provisions
Pre-emptive Right / Right of Participation Right of First Refusal Co-sale / Tag-along Drag-along Anti-dilution Down-side price protection – Full Ratchets or Weighed Average

6 Protective Provisions
Non-compete covenants from controlling shareholders Put back option if IPO does not take place Confidentiality Founders’ guarantee Founders’ provision of security Founders’ indemnity

7 Exit - IPO Vendor sale at the time of IPO Placing after lock-up
Issue of derivatives: warrants, exchangeable / convertible bond Repurchase by issuer Private Placements / Block Trade

8 Exit– Aborted IPO Repurchase by investee company Put back to founders
Trade sale Forced trade sale Reverse takeovers Liquidation

9 Hong Kong Regulatory Issues
Listing Decisions Conversion Price “toxic convertibles” Lock-up

10 Investing into China Target Structure SOEs Private Enterprise Red Chip
Direct Investment

11 Investing into China – H Share potentials
Investment in legal person shares Valuation Approval process Restrictions on disposal of promoters’ shares PRC Company Law – shares issued by a company prior to the public offering of shares shall not be transferred within one year from the Listing Date Management buy-outs Investment in H shares Discount on IPO Price

12 Case Studies – Ping An Ping An Insurance (Group) Company of China Ltd. (2005) Goldman Sachs and Morgan Stanley invested in 1994 Dai-Ichi Mutual Life Insurance HSBC Insurance subscribed for 10% equity interest (legal person shares) in 2002 Legal person shares converted into H Shares

13 Private Enterprises (non-H Share Listing)
Red chip restructuring Relevant PRC Laws Notice of the State Administration of Foreign Exchange on the Relevant Issues Concerning Foreign Exchange Administration of Financing and Returning Home Investment by Domestic Residents through Special-purpose Companies (国家外汇管理局关于境内居民通過境外特殊目的公司融資及返程投資外匯管理有关问题的通知) issued by The State Administration of Foreign Exchange ("SAFE") on 21 November 2005 Notice on Relevant Issues in the Registration of the Offshore Investments of Individual Domestic Residents and Foreign Exchange Registration of Mergers and Acquisitions by Foreign Investors (国家外汇管理局关于境内居民个人境外投资登记及外资并购外汇登记有关问题的通知) issued by SAFE on 21 April 2005 Notice on Relevant Issues in Perfecting Foreign Exchange Control in Mergers and Acquisitions by Foreign Investors (关于完善外资并购外汇管理有关问题的通知) issued by SAFE on 24 January 2005

14 No.75 Notice “Returning home investment” - direct investment activities carried out inside China by residents inside China through a special purpose company: to acquire or swap the interest of the Chinese party in an enterprise inside China; to establish a FIE inside China and acquire control of assets inside China through that FIE; Foreign exchange registration Repatriation and use of funds

15 Private Enterprises (non-H Share Listing)
Provisions of the Ministry of Commerce, State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council, the State Administration of Taxation, the State Administration for Industry and Commerce, Securities Regulatory Commission of China and the State Administration of Foreign Exchange on Mergers and Acquisitions of Domestic Enterprises by Foreign Investors (2006Revision) Took effect on 8 September 2006 Applies to domestic enterprises only MOC and CSRC approval required for restructuring and oversea listing of a special purpose vehicle Share swap allowed Unwind after 12 months failing listing

16 Private Enterprises (non-H Share Listing)
Notice of the General Affairs Department of the State Administration of Foreign Exchange on Printing and Distributing the Operating Rules for the Notice of the State Administration of Foreign Exchange on the Relevant Issues about Foreign Exchange Control over the Financing and Return Investment of Domestic Residents through Overseas Special Purpose Companies (No. 106 [2007] of the General Affairs Department under the State Administration of Foreign Exchange) (国家外汇管理局综合司关于印发《国家外汇管理局关于境内居民通过境外特殊目的公司融资及返程投资外汇管理有关问题的通知》操作规程的通知(2007修改) 汇综发[2007]106号)

17 Successful Structure for Red-Chip
Original Shareholders do not retain control post-IPO Transfer of Assets Third party involvement

18 Case Study – Solargiga Energy Holdings Limited (Stock Code 757)
Mr. TAN SEC Huaxin Silicon PLC Jinzhou Xinri (PRC) Jinzhou Yangguang Jinzhou Huari Jinzhou Huachang 74.1% 75% 25.83% 25% 70% 30% 100%

19 Solargiga – After restructuring
WWIC TIL (BVI) Company (Cayman Islands) SEC Mr. TAN Other Relevant Officers Other Shareholders Mr. CHONG Solartech BVI Jinzhou Xinri (PRC) Jinzhou Huari Jinzhou Yangguang Jinzhou Huachang Jinzhou Youhua (PRC) Shanghai Jingji (PRC) 33% 100% 3.12% 16.3% 8.55% 10.61% 28.42%

20 Case Study – Xingfa Aluminium Holdings Limited (Stock Code 98)
Messrs. Luo Su, Luo Riming and Liao Yuqing Xingfa Group Xingfa Aluminium Xingfa SG Xingfa BVI Xingfa Curtin Wall Our Company Leahin Coating Xingfa Innovation 100% 51% 91.3%

21 Case Study – JES – Singapore
Acquisition of assets, liabilities, operations and business Processing Agreement Restricted Cash Account Agreement Debt Repayment Agreement Fixed Assets Lease Agreement Entrusted Loan Agreement

22 Restricted for Foreign investment
Investing in Restricted Categories Restricted for Foreign investment Fixed line Tobacco ICP – Internet contents Mobile contents – mobile phone entertainment Digital publication – online game

23 Special Structure Investing in Restricted Categories
Need to consolidate accounts Loan agreement Option agreement Equity pledge Undertaking / power of attorney Technical service / business agreement Trade name and copyright license

24 Listing Decision – LD 43-3 (2005)
Company A PRC Subsidiaries Structure Contracts Owning all operating licences to perform the Group’s business Registered Owners Structure Contracts Owning all intellectual properties OPCO Outside PRC Inside PRC 100%

25 Direct Investment Vehicle
Foreign-invested Enterprises EJV, CJV and WFOE Foreign-invested Joint Stock Companies RMB Fund Set up a WFOE

26 Convertible Loan / Warrants Preference Shares
Direct Investment Convertible Loan / Warrants Preference Shares Series A or Series B Convertible Redeemable Voting

27 Direct Investment Repurchase by issuer
Private Placements / Block Trade - Measures for Administration of Strategic Investment by Foreign Investors in Listed Companies(外国投资者对上市公司战略投资管理办法) Put back to founders Trade sale Forced trade sale Reverse takeovers Liquidation - Measures for Liquidation of Enterprise with Foreign Investment

28 RMB Fund 对外贸易经济合作部、科学技术部、国家工商行政管理总局、国家税务总局、外汇管理局令[2003]年第2号
(Promulgated by the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Cooperation, Ministry of Science and Technology, State Administration for Industry and Commerce, State Administration of Taxation and State Administration of Foreign Exchange on 30 January 2003 and effective as of 1 March 2003.)

29 RMB Fund Regulations the number of investors shall be more than two and less than 50, and there shall be at least one requisite investor as specified in Article 7; the minimum amount of capital contribution a Non-legal Person Venture Investment Enterprise - US$10 million a Corporate Venture Investment Enterprise - US$5 million. having a clear organizational form; having a clear and legitimate investment direction; at least three professional management personnel with experience in venture investment business; and other conditions stipulated by laws and administrative regulations.

30 RMB Fund Regulation having venture investment as its main line of business; having cumulative capital under its management of not less than US$100 million in the three years before the application, and at least US$ 50 million of which has been used for venture investment. having at least three professional management personnel with not less than three years experience in venture investment business; not have been prohibited by the judicial authorities or other relevant regulatory authorities of their own countries from engaging in venture investment or investment and consultancy business,or subjected to penalty for reasons such as fraud; capital contribution - a Non-legal Person Venture Investment Enterprise – 1%; a Corporate Venture Investment Enterprise - not less than 30%

31 Set up a WFOE WFOE as investment vehicle

32 Consent of the Commerce Department Approval of supervisory department
A Share Market as an Exit Channel Consent of the Commerce Department Approval of supervisory department Approval of CSRC Shanghai stock exchange Shenzhen stock exchange Shenzhen SME

33 Risks of Investing in China
Regulatory risks Political risks Credit risks Weak in law enforcement Aggressive creditors Loose control over special structure Entrepreneurs’ Integrity Risks associated with intermediaries

34 - Thank You - Mason Ching Tel:2973 6838 Fax: 2973 6608


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