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Feudalism King gave land to nobles in exchange for military support Peasants worked for feudal lords Most were serfs who were bound to the land.

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Presentation on theme: "Feudalism King gave land to nobles in exchange for military support Peasants worked for feudal lords Most were serfs who were bound to the land."— Presentation transcript:

1 Feudalism King gave land to nobles in exchange for military support Peasants worked for feudal lords Most were serfs who were bound to the land

2 Crusades Christian fighters going to the holy land to defeat the Muslims

3 What did the Crusaders bring back to Europe that was the catalyst for exploration? Spices Sugar Silk This led to the need for a monetary system to replace the barter system that had be prevalent in Europe.

4 Renaissance This was a period of rebirth in Europe. Inventions – or at least new to the Europeans –Arabs – Astrolabe – used the sun to determine direction, latitude, and local times –Chinese – compass –Ship building –Now they had the ability, tools, and desire to find a shorter route to the Indies

5 In 1492 Columbus Sailed the Ocean Blue. T or F In 1493, Columbus Stole all that He could see!! T or F True or False?

6 The Story you Learned

7 Pg. 57 – Everyone believe the world was flat Pg 58 – mutiny and bad weather Columbus died never knowing what he discovered Columbus died poor and unappreciated

8 The Real Story Europeans had guns and wanted to use them Arms WAS the cause of European domination Because of the printing press people knew of Columbus findings. The poor Vikings didnt have the press on their side.

9 The Real Story Real evidence exists that the Afro- Phoenicians visited the New World long before Columbus. Pg 51&53 Columbus and EVERYBODY else Knew that the earth was round. (pg 57)

10 The Real Story In 1005 the Vikings intended only to settle Vineland By 1493, Columbus planned to plunder Haiti Columbus introduced two phenomena that revolutionized race relations and transformed the modern world: the taking of land, wealth, and labor from indigenous peoples, leading to their near extermination, and the transatlantic slave trade, which created a racial underclass.

11 Columbus died not knowing what he discovered? Notice the drawing in the lower left corner. After Columbus discovered a new continent he had this put on his family crest. He knew! And he died well off, not poor.

12 When Columbus Landed he made demands on the natives

13 The Requirement Eu implore o para reconhecer a igreja como uma senhora e no nome da tomada do papa o rei como o senhor desta terra e para obedecer seus mandatos. Se você não a fizer, eu digo-lhe aquele com a ajuda do deus que eu inscreverei poderosa de encontro a você todo. Eu farei a guerra em toda parte e a cada maneira que eu posso. Sujeitar-euo-ei o garfo e obedience à igreja e a seu majesty. Eu de farei exame suas mulheres e crianças e do far-lhes-ei escravos... As mortes e os ferimentos que você recebe de aqui sobre serão sua própria falha e não que de seu majesty nem dos gentlemen que me acompanham.

14 The Requirement The Requirement was read in SPANISH to the natives and when they didnt comply…. Listen to what it said.

15 The Requirement I implore you to recognize the Church as a lady and in the name of the Pope take the King as lord of this land and obey his mandates. If you do not do it, I tell you that with the help of God I will enter powerfully against you all. I will make war everywhere and every way that I can. I will subject you to the yoke and obedience to the Church and to his majesty. I will take your women and children and make them slaves… The deaths and injuries that you will receive from here on will be your own fault and not that his majesty nor of the gentlemen that accompany me

16 The Columbian Biological Exchange Old World to New World: New World to Old World: Diseases:Smallpox Measles Chicken Pox Malaria Yellow Fever Influenza The Common Cold Syphilis | This page was last updated on 12/3/98. | Return to History 111 SupplementsReturn to History 111 Supplements

17 The Columbian Biological Exchange Old World to New World: New World to Old World: Animals:Horses Cattle Pigs Sheep Goats Chickens Turkeys Llamas Alpacas Guinea Pigs

18 The Columbian Biological Exchange Old World to New World: New World to Old World: Plants:Rice Wheat Barley Oats Coffee Sugarcane Bananas Melons Olives Dandelions Daisies Clover Ragweed Kentucky Bluegrass Corn (Maize) Potatoes (White & Sweet Varieties) Beans (Snap, Kidney, & Lima Varieties) Tobacco Peanuts Squash Peppers Tomatoes Pumpkins Pineapples Cacao (Source of Chocolate) Chicle (Source of Chewing Gum) Papayas Manioc (Tapioca) Guavas Avocados

19 Cocoa beans, corn, peanuts, peppers, pineapples, potatoes, squash, Tobacco, tomatoes, beans, avocadoes, pumpkins, turkeys, diseases The Americas The Old World Bananas, citrus fruits, coffee beans, diseases, grapes, wheat, rice, barley, oats, olives, onions, live stock (cattle, sheep, horses, pigs) sugar cane, turnips The Columbian Exchange


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