Presentation on theme: "Feudalism King gave land to nobles in exchange for military support"— Presentation transcript:
1 Feudalism King gave land to nobles in exchange for military support Peasants worked for feudal lordsMost were serfs who were bound to the land
2 CrusadesChristian fighters going to the holy land to defeat the Muslims
3 What did the Crusaders bring back to Europe that was the catalyst for exploration? SpicesSugarSilkThis led to the need for a monetary system to replace the barter system that had be prevalent in Europe.
4 1350-1600 Renaissance This was a period of rebirth in Europe. Inventions – or at least new to the EuropeansArabs – Astrolabe – used the sun to determine direction, latitude, and local timesChinese – compassShip buildingNow they had the ability, tools, and desire to find a shorter route to the Indies
5 In 1492 Columbus Sailed the Ocean Blue. T or F True or False?In 1492 Columbus Sailed the Ocean Blue. T or FIn 1493, Columbus Stole all that He could see!! T or F
7 The Story you Learned Pg. 57 – Everyone believe the world was flat Pg 58 – mutiny and bad weatherColumbus died never knowing what he “discovered”Columbus died poor and unappreciated
8 The Real Story Europeans had guns and wanted to use them Arms WAS the cause of European dominationBecause of the printing press people knew of Columbus’ findings. The poor Vikings didn’t have the “press” on their side.
9 The Real StoryReal evidence exists that the Afro-Phoenician’s visited the New World long before Columbus. Pg 51&53Columbus and EVERYBODY else Knew that the earth was round.(pg 57)
10 The Real Story “In 1005 the Vikings intended only to settle Vineland” “By 1493, Columbus planned to plunder Haiti”Columbus introduced two phenomena that revolutionized race relations and transformed the modern world: the taking of land, wealth, and labor from indigenous peoples, leading to their near extermination, and the transatlantic slave trade, which created a racial underclass.
11 Columbus died not knowing what he discovered? Notice the drawing in the lower left corner. After Columbus “discovered” a new continent he had this put on his family crest. He knew!And he died well off, not poor.
12 When Columbus Landed he made demands on the natives
13 The RequirementEu implore o para reconhecer a igreja como uma senhora e no nome da tomada do papa o rei como o senhor desta terra e para obedecer seus mandatos. Se você não a fizer, eu digo-lhe aquele com a ajuda do deus que eu inscreverei poderosa de encontro a você todo. Eu farei a guerra em toda parte e a cada maneira que eu posso. Sujeitar-euo-ei o garfo e obedience à igreja e a seu majesty. Eu de farei exame suas mulheres e crianças e do far-lhes-ei escravos... As mortes e os ferimentos que você recebe de aqui sobre serão sua própria falha e não que de seu majesty nem dos gentlemen que me acompanham.
14 The RequirementThe Requirement was read in SPANISH to the natives and when they didn’t comply…. Listen to what it said.
15 The RequirementI implore you to recognize the Church as a lady and in the name of the Pope take the King as lord of this land and obey his mandates. If you do not do it, I tell you that with the help of God I will enter powerfully against you all. I will make war everywhere and every way that I can. I will subject you to the yoke and obedience to the Church and to his majesty. I will take your women and children and make them slaves… The deaths and injuries that you will receive from here on will be your own fault and not that his majesty nor of the gentlemen that accompany me”
16 The Columbian Biological Exchange Old World to New World:New World to Old World:Diseases:Smallpox Measles Chicken Pox Malaria Yellow Fever Influenza The Common ColdSyphilis| This page was last updated on 12/3/98. | Return to History 111 Supplements
17 The Columbian Biological Exchange Old World to New World:New World to Old World:Animals:Horses Cattle Pigs Sheep Goats ChickensTurkeys Llamas Alpacas Guinea Pigs
18 The Columbian Biological Exchange Old World to New World:New World to Old World:Plants:Rice Wheat Barley Oats Coffee Sugarcane Bananas Melons Olives Dandelions Daisies Clover Ragweed Kentucky BluegrassCorn (Maize) Potatoes (White & Sweet Varieties) Beans (Snap, Kidney, & Lima Varieties) Tobacco Peanuts Squash Peppers Tomatoes Pumpkins Pineapples Cacao (Source of Chocolate) Chicle (Source of Chewing Gum) Papayas Manioc (Tapioca) Guavas Avocados
19 The Columbian Exchange The Americas The Old World Cocoa beans, corn, peanuts, peppers, pineapples, potatoes, squash,Tobacco, tomatoes, beans, avocadoes, pumpkins, turkeys, diseasesBananas, citrus fruits, coffee beans, diseases, grapes,wheat, rice, barley, oats, olives, onions, live stock (cattle, sheep, horses, pigs)sugar cane, turnips