Presentation on theme: "March is COLORECTAL CANCER AWARENESS Month"— Presentation transcript:
1 March is COLORECTAL CANCER AWARENESS Month Information courtesy of American Cancer Society and UnitedHealth Care
2 Colorectal Cancer is the third most common cancer diagnosis and the leading cause of cancer death in the United States.
3 The good news is there are steps you can take that may help prevent it, or improve your chances of beating it.
4 Colorectal Cancer is more commonly referred to as “Colon Cancer”.
5 Live Well to Protect Yourself A healthy lifestyle may help protect against colorectal cancer:Eat a diet rich in fruits and vegetables. Try to achieve a low-fat diet that also is rich in fiber.Get enough folic acid, vitamin D and calcium. Talk with your doctor or a dietitian to find out how much you need.Exercise regularly. Aim for 30 minutes a day most or all days of the week.Don’t smoke.
6 Get Screened Colorectal cancer first develops as colorectal polyps. These growths in the colon or rectum maybecome cancerous over time. Regular screeningcan prevent colorectal cancer by finding andremoving the polyps before they develop intocancer. More than 90 percent of colorectal cancerscan be cured when caught early.
7 There are four common types of screening tests for colorectal cancer: Fecal occult blood test — looks for tiny amounts of blood in a stool sample*Flexible sigmoidoscopy — a doctor passes a tiny camera through the lower part of the colon*Colonoscopy — a doctor uses the tiny camera to examine the entire colonDouble contrast barium enema —your doctorx-rays your colon
8 Talk to your doctor about which screening test is right for you Talk to your doctor about which screening test is right for you. Your age, lifestyle, medical history and family history are huge contributing factors to consider when talking to your physician about which screening method is right for you!
9 For most Americans, screening should begin at age 50 For most Americans, screening should begin at age 50. If you are at higher risk, your doctor may want you to be screened earlier. Talk with your doctor if you or anyone in your family has had colorectal cancer, polyps or certain hereditary conditions. You should also note if you have a personal history of inflammatory bowel disease (IBS). Your doctor will tell you how often you should be screened, as well as which test is preferred for your situation!
10 Watch for SymptomsTalk to your doctor if you have any symptoms of colorectal cancer, including:• A change in your bowel habits• Diarrhea, constipation or vomiting• Blood in your stool, or change in the appearance or quality of your stools• Frequent stomach problems such as gas, bloating or cramping• Unexplained fatigue or weight loss
11 What is a colonoscopy?A colonoscopy is an exam that allows a doctor tosee and closely look at the inside of the entire colonfor signs of cancer or polyps. Polyps are smallgrowths that overtime can become cancer. Thedoctor uses a slender, flexible, hollow, lighted tubeabout the thickness of a finger. This "colonoscope“is gently eased inside the colon and has a tinyvideo camera, which sends pictures to a TV screen.Small puffs of air are put in the colon to keep itopen and allow the doctor to see clearly.The exam itself takes 15 to 30 minutes. Patients areusually given medicine to help them relax, whichoften puts them to sleep during the procedure. Yourdoctor decides how often you need this test, usuallyonce every 10 years, depending on your personalrisk for colon cancer. It's important for people to talkwith their doctor to understand their personal riskfor getting colon cancer, the guidelines they shouldfollow for testing, and whether they need to startbeing tested at age 50 or earlier.
12 What is a sigmoidoscopy? During a sigmoidoscopy, a doctorclosely inspects the lower parts of thecolon, called the sigmoid colon and thedescending colon, for signs of cancer orpolyps. Polyps are small growths which canover time become cancer. The doctor uses aslender, flexible, hollow, lighted tube aboutthe thickness of a finger. This"sigmoidoscope" is gently eased inside thecolon and has a tiny video camera, whichsends pictures to a TV screen. Small puffsof air are put in the colon to keep it open andallow the doctor to see clearly. The examtakes 15 to 20 minutes and the patientusually doesn't need medicine.
13 No, these two exams are not painful. Will it hurt?No, these two exams are not painful.For the most part, patients are given medicine to sleep throughthe colonoscopy, so they won't feel anything.Sigmoidoscopy doesn't require medicine to make the patientsleepy, so some patients find the air pressure to beuncomfortable. Air is pumped into the cleaned-out colon so itwill hold its normal size and doctors can get the best pictures.While it may be slightly uncomfortable, it should not hurt.
14 How do I prepare? Will I need to miss work? The preparation for the colonoscopy requires you to go the bathroom a lot!You follow a special diet the day before the exam and take very stronglaxatives in the hours before the procedure. You may also need an enemato cleanse the colon. The key to getting good pictures is to have the coloncleaned out. Preparation for a sigmoidoscopy is much the same. Becausecolonoscopy is usually done under sedation, people usually will miss a dayof work. People should ask their doctors whether they'll need to miss workbefore a sigmoidoscopy. For either test you'll need to stay close to abathroom. You might want to schedule the procedure for a Monday, so youcan be at home the day before without taking a day off work.
15 How will I feel afterward? Will I need someone to drive me home? Most people feel OK after a colonoscopy.They may feel a bit woozy. They'll be watched and givenfluids after the procedure as they awaken from the anesthesia.They may have some gas, which could cause mild discomfort.Because of the sedation that is given for the test, mostfacilities ask that you bring someone to take you home.After a sigmoidoscopy, you get up and walk out. There shouldbe no problem driving yourself home, as long as you have nothad any drugs to make you sleepy during the test.
16 Why are colorectal screening tests SO important? Removing polyps prevents colorectal cancer from everstarting. And cancers found in an early stage are more easilytreated. Nine out of 10 people whose colon cancer isdiscovered early will be alive 5 years later. And many will livenormal life spans.But too often people don't get these tests. Then the cancercan grow and spread unnoticed, like a silent invader. In manycases, by the time people have any symptoms the cancer isvery advanced and very difficult to treat.
17 Early Detection is the Best Protection! It is up to you to take that first step
18 Vermilion Parish School Board Wellness Department