Presentation on theme: "The Epidemiology of HIV/AIDS in the Republic of Trinidad/Tobago 1983-97 With special reference to Women and Children Robert K. Lee MB,ChB;MPH."— Presentation transcript:
The Epidemiology of HIV/AIDS in the Republic of Trinidad/Tobago 1983-97 With special reference to Women and Children Robert K. Lee MB,ChB;MPH
HIV/AIDS Overview 1983 First AIDS cases reported -8 males 1985 First Female & Paediatric AIDS cases 1997 (I) cum. Aids cases: 2642 deaths: 1681 1997 HIV M:F Ratio 1.4:1 1997 HIV M:F 1:7 in 15-19 year age range 1997 Surveillance sensit. HIV 35% AIDS 50% AIDS Cum. Incidence Rate: 210/100,000 pop.
Antenatal Survey 1995-96 21 (1%) of 2040 HIV +ve 7 (33%) were aged 15-19 yrs 11 (52%) were aged 20-29 yrs Age Specific Seroprevalence for women aged 15-24 yrs: 1.5% Prevalence highest (2.3%) in SGW/SGC Limitations of study
Summary Increasing trends among Women & Children M:F Ratios reversed for teenagers Teenage Girls have highest risk of HIV infection Antenatal Surveillance shows higher prevalence among younger mothers
Conclusions Main thrust of HIV intervention should target young people 15-19 years Strengthen reproductive and sexual health related services for young people Primary prevention of vertical transmission should target women of child bearing age.