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II. International Seed Cultivation Workshop 02 – 03 December 2013 Rixos Sungate Hotel Beldibi – Antalya.

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Presentation on theme: "II. International Seed Cultivation Workshop 02 – 03 December 2013 Rixos Sungate Hotel Beldibi – Antalya."— Presentation transcript:

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2 II. International Seed Cultivation Workshop 02 – 03 December 2013 Rixos Sungate Hotel Beldibi – Antalya

3 Presentation Content Turkey’s position and agricultural values Development of seed cultivation and current situation Sectoral structuring and TSÜAB…..

4 Turkey’s position and agricultural values

5 4 Turkey is a bridge between Asia and Europe and enjoys this advantage of her in global trade

6 5 Turkey is very suitable for agricultural production in terms of climate diversity and and geography especially for seed production.

7 Agricultural land Total utilized agricultural land Area of cereals and other crop products Area of vegetable gardens Area of ornamental plants Area of fruits, beverage and spice crops Land under permanent meadows and pastures Cultivated area Fallow land (*) Source: For land under permanent meadows and pastures 2001 General Agricultural Censuses, for other Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock Thousand Hectares

8 Distribution of Agricultural Land

9 Gross Domestic Product with current price as per main activity branches ( ) GDP Agriculture ValueSectorGrowth ValueSectorGrowth Yıl ShareRate ShareRate Year % % TÜİK

10 In the second estimation of the year 2013 product amounts increased by 12,3% in agricultural products, 2,1% in vegetables and 1,2% in fruits. Product amounts were approximately estimated to actualize 37,5 million tonnes in wheat products, 28,4 million tonnes in vegetables and 18,2 million tonnes in fruits. Herbal Production Amounts TÜİK

11 Herbal product value has been approximately 87,8 billion TL. Legumes and other herbal production value decreased by 7,3% compared to pevious year and has been 33,1 billion TL, vegetable production value decreased by 0,4% has been 25,4 billion TL and fruits, drink and spice herbs production value increased by 5,4% has been 29,2 billion TL. TÜİK Herbal Production Values,

12 Development of seed cultivation and current position İlk hedef Bir Milyon Ton tohumluk

13 (1839 – 1876) REFORM ERA Importance of Increasing Herbal Production, New Types in Diversification and Gaining Export Revenues, New Plant Varieties and Qualified Seeds Has Been Recognized 1876 – 1908 PERIOD Variety and Seed Import Continued, Testing Farms and Demonstration Lands Established, Number of Agricultural Schools Increased and Higher Education of Agriculture Was Established 1876 – 1908 PERIOD Variety and Seed Import Continued, Testing Farms and Demonstration Lands Established, Number of Agricultural Schools Increased and Higher Education of Agriculture Was Established FOUNDATION OF REPUBLIC (1923) (Foundations of Seed Cultivation Are Laid) Establishment of Institutionalization and Legal Infrastructure, Public weighted Seed Cultivation Model (Research, Production,Distribution) FOUNDATION OF REPUBLIC (1923) (Foundations of Seed Cultivation Are Laid) Establishment of Institutionalization and Legal Infrastructure, Public weighted Seed Cultivation Model (Research, Production,Distribution) WARS PERIOD OF MISERY IMPORTANT DATES AND WHEAT

14 Development of Seed Cultivation in some countries has got 150 years of history….. Also in our country during that time importance of seed cultivation was recognized SOME IMPORTANT DATES IN TURKSIH SEED CULTIVATION 1860 – Cotton seed imported from the USA and Egypt, distributed in Aegean and Çukurova, Some railway companies distributed cereal and cotton seed 1925 Republican Government opened Seed Breeding Stations 1926 “Rootstock” beet seed imported from abroad 1950 TIGEM (DÜÇ) assigned with seed production (Public)  1959 Sugar Company and KWS established a partnership  1961 The first private seed company was established (Beta)  1963 Seed L aw 308 was enacted  1978 The second private seed company (MAY) was established 1983 New private companies started to be established 1860 – Cotton seed imported from the USA and Egypt, distributed in Aegean and Çukurova, Some railway companies distributed cereal and cotton seed 1925 Republican Government opened Seed Breeding Stations 1926 “Rootstock” beet seed imported from abroad 1950 TIGEM (DÜÇ) assigned with seed production (Public)  1959 Sugar Company and KWS established a partnership  1961 The first private seed company was established (Beta)  1963 Seed L aw 308 was enacted  1978 The second private seed company (MAY) was established 1983 New private companies started to be established

15 WAY FOR THE PRIVATE SECTOR IS PAVED (1980S) Variety Transfer in Industrial Plants, Trkey Meets with Hybrid Varieties and Qualified Seeds Seed Cultivation is Regulated Again Taking into Consideration the Needs of the Private Sector 1980Turkish Agriculture is in Search of New Varieties. Opinion of There is Need For Development of Seed Industry Settled and Expanded Ministry of Agriculture Oriented towards Seed Cultivation Policy Changes with reform characteristics 1982 Change was made in Variety Registry System; Time shortened, Variety registry of Private Sector Companies Facilitated 1983 Private Companies Allowed to Identify Prices for the Seed They Produce and Supply 1984 Seed Import of Private Sectors were Facilitated 1980Turkish Agriculture is in Search of New Varieties. Opinion of There is Need For Development of Seed Industry Settled and Expanded Ministry of Agriculture Oriented towards Seed Cultivation Policy Changes with reform characteristics 1982 Change was made in Variety Registry System; Time shortened, Variety registry of Private Sector Companies Facilitated 1983 Private Companies Allowed to Identify Prices for the Seed They Produce and Supply 1984 Seed Import of Private Sectors were Facilitated

16 DEVELOPMENT CONTINUES IN PRIVATE SECTOR(1990s) 1991 For Vegetables Standard Seed Recording System Established (Only FYD based recording) 1991Permission and Authorities Awarded to Private Research Institutions. Economic Incentives Provided for Private Companies Investment Incentives Subsidised Loan Customs Exemption in Seed Import Incentives for Using Certifed Seeds (Maize, Sunflower, Cotton, Patato, Soybean, Canola, Forage Plants) 1991 For Vegetables Standard Seed Recording System Established (Only FYD based recording) 1991Permission and Authorities Awarded to Private Research Institutions. Economic Incentives Provided for Private Companies Investment Incentives Subsidised Loan Customs Exemption in Seed Import Incentives for Using Certifed Seeds (Maize, Sunflower, Cotton, Patato, Soybean, Canola, Forage Plants)

17 Important Developments(Summary) Traditional supply Seed Cultivation Law and ISTA membership Official Supply 1968OECD Membership (Seed Unit) 1982Liberalization of prices 1984Liberalization of Import ISF Membership Breeder’s Rights Law Seed Cultivation Law 2007Ratification of UPOV Convention at TGNA Traditional supply Seed Cultivation Law and ISTA membership Official Supply 1968OECD Membership (Seed Unit) 1982Liberalization of prices 1984Liberalization of Import ISF Membership Breeder’s Rights Law Seed Cultivation Law 2007Ratification of UPOV Convention at TGNA Public Sector weighted development Private sector weighted start of development

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19  EXISTING LEGISLATION DOES NOT MEET DEVELOPMENTS  NEED FOR OWNERSHIP FELT THOROUGHLY  “NEW REGULATIONS” ON THE AGENDA IN PUBLIC AND PRIVATE SECTOR Kanun Yönetmelik Tebliğ Genelge Kanun Yönetmelik Tebliğ Genelge

20 1- S cientific and Technological Progress: Genetics, Plant Breeding, Variety development, Plant Propagation Methods, Seed Processing Technologies (Spraying, coating, pelletising, packaging), 2- Institutional Changes : Privatization, Autonomous or independent institutions, Intellectual Industry Rights, Transfer of Authority, Protection of Genetic Resources, International Norms ve Rules PROMINENT ISSUES IN UPDATING OF THE LEGISLATION 3- Structuring in the sector: Professional Organization, Participatory administration 4- EU: Harmonization with the EU and the need for preaparation of secondary legislation vertically REGULATIONSREGULATIONS MADE AGAIN /UPDATED REGULATIONSREGULATIONS MADE AGAIN /UPDATED

21 LEGAL INFRASTRUTURE- SECONDARY LEGISLATIONS SEED CULTIVATION LAW 5553(2006) Law 5042 on protection of plant breeder’s rights on new plant varieties Veterinary Services, Phytosanitary, Food and Feed Law No 5996 Law 5042 on protection of plant breeder’s rights on new plant varieties Veterinary Services, Phytosanitary, Food and Feed Law No 5996 As foreseen by these laws, having primarily regulation of “Authorization and Auditing in Seed Cultivation Market” 17 new regulations were released.

22 hher Morphological Properties + Physiological and Biological Properties + Technological Properties + Pathological Properties (Diseases and Pests) Morphological Properties + Physiological and Biological Properties + Technological Properties + Pathological Properties (Diseases and Pests) Land Control + Laboratory Control Certification and Marketing Land Control + Laboratory Control Certification and Marketing Each stage binded to a regulation

23 T.R MINISTRY OF FOOD, AGRICULTURE AND LIVESTOCK Law 5553 on Seed Cultivation (2006) Law 5996 on Veterinary Sevices, Phytosanitary, Food and Feed (2010) Law 5042 on Protection of Breeder’s Rights in New Plant Varieties GKGM TAGEM Phytosanitary and Quarantine Services Phytosanitary and Quarantine Services Plant Breeding and Variety Development Plant Breeding and Variety Development BÜGEM Seed Cultivation Policies, Incentive and support Production and Supply Commerce (Import-Export) Variety Registry, Seed Control and Certification services, market audit, Protection of new plant varieties Seed Cultivation Policies, Incentive and support Production and Supply Commerce (Import-Export) Variety Registry, Seed Control and Certification services, market audit, Protection of new plant varieties EACH ISSUE HAS AN OFFICIALLY RESPONSIBLE AUTHORITY

24 Development of Seed Cultivation Sector, Facilitation of occupational activities by ensuring occupational solidarity among real or legal entities performing activites in the sector, With the aim of protecting rights of the ones dealing with seed cultivation activities, SECTOR: Has restored an organized structure in a position of a public professional organization with legal status(2008). T urkish Seed Cultivation Association, TÜRKTED established on 15 July 1985 as the first representative of the seed cultivation center and continues its existence with the same status. Organization of Private Sector

25 TURKISH SEED CULTIVATORS UNION Plant Breeders Subunion Seed Industrialists and Producers Subunion Seedling Producers Subunion Sapling Producers Subunion Seed Cultivators Subunion Seed Distributors Subunion Foliage Plants Producers Subunion

26 INTEGRATION WITH GLOBAL SEED CULTIVATION SECTOR (While organizaton is ensured in the country, the sector simultaneously becomes the member of regional and global institutions and organizations related with seed cultivation) INTEGRATION WITH GLOBAL SEED CULTIVATION SECTOR (While organizaton is ensured in the country, the sector simultaneously becomes the member of regional and global institutions and organizations related with seed cultivation)

27 During the period of while there were only 3 private seed production seed companies, in the period of it exceeded 120’ and in the period of it exceeded 500. DEVELOPMENT CONTINUES IN PRIVATE SECTOR NUMBER OF SEED COMPANIES INCREASES 577 COMPANIES MEMBER OF TSÜAB PRODUCING SEED

28 WITH EXPANSION OF PRIVATE ENTREPRENEURSHIP/COMPANIES NUMBER OF REGISTERED VARIETIES ALSO INCREASES Regulation on Recording Plant Varieties TTSM Periodical publications Establishment Activity Report Variety Registry Report Variety Catalogue National Variety List Commercial Seed Recording List TTSM Periodical publications Establishment Activity Report Variety Registry Report Variety Catalogue National Variety List Commercial Seed Recording List Recording/registry of seeds are made and published in line with international legislation Land Registry List

29 VARIETY OWNERSHIP IN PRIVATE SECTOR INCREASES SPEEDYLY (This situation reflects to production directly) Between except for some of the registered varieties while all belonged to the public this rate after 1990 increased rapidly on behalf the private sector. As of 2013 while registry ownership was 46 in the public it has been 202 in the private sector. Between except for some of the registered varieties while all belonged to the public this rate after 1990 increased rapidly on behalf the private sector. As of 2013 while registry ownership was 46 in the public it has been 202 in the private sector registered variety ownership

30 PRODUCTION DISTRIBUTION IMPORT EXPORT PRIVATE SECTOR SHARE RATE OF PRODUCTION MEETING THE NEED

31 Seed Varieties Produced in Turkey and Foreign Trade Values as per Years Hybrid vegetable seeds constitute the major part of Turkish seed market. On the other hand industrial plants constituted of hybrid seeds like maize, suflower, cotton and sugar beet are in a position of second major segment of the seed market. Especially the third group covering certified wheat and barley seeds even tough not of its value but it is prominent as per its amount. In Turkey there are about 150 companies working on vegetable seed cultivation. In return number of the ones producing, distributing and marketing wheat seeds is about 180. Similarly more than 100 companies work on industrial plants. Monetary Value (Million $) Amount (Tonnes) Import Export Export-Import Difference Seed import and export values of Turkey as of 2011 (BÜGEM)

32 In Turkey in 2012 approximately 320 thousand tonnes of wheat, 43 thousand tonnes of barley, 33 thousand tonnes of hybrid maize, 9 thousand tonnes of paddy, 15 thousand tonnes of hybrid sunflower, 1200 thousand tonnes of hybrid sugar beet, 185 thousand tonnes of potato, 23 thousand tonnes of cotton, and about 2500 thousand tonnes of vegetable seed were produced. In Turkey total value of seed produced commercially is estimated to be about 1 billion dollars. In many of the varieties seed production and utilization continue to increase.

33 Years Seed Import and Export Values(1000 $) As of end of 2011 meeting import rate of seed export is at level of 65%. And this rate in 2010 was actualized at level of 53% and in 2009 it was 44,6%.

34 SEED EXPORT BY COUNTRIES ROWCOUNTRIES DOLLARS 1 UKRAINE RUSSAIN FEDERATION ITALY FRANCE NETHERLANDS AUSTRIA GREECE HUNGARY SUDAN IRAQ SPAIN ROMANIA IRAN AZERBAIJAN KAZAKHSTAN MEXICO PAKISTAN BULGARIA ISRAIL TURKMENISTAN LİST TOTAL TOTAL Resource : TÜİK Note : Ranking of the coutries is as per 2012 statistics.

35 THE MOST COMMON SEED VARITIES IN IMPORT AND EXPORT AS OF 2011 Major seed varieties in import Major seed varieties in export Varieties Monetary Value(1000 $) Varieties Monetary Value(1000 $) 1) Tomatoes520961) Suflower ) Patatos187942) Maize ) Cucumber136953) Cotton9006 4) Maize108114) Squash5215 5) Squash86225) Tomato4348

36 Its Role in Development of Seed Cultivation

37 ABOUT TSÜAB Basis for Establishment and Fundemental Mandates  Private Sector wing of Seed Cultivation/Industry is constituted by Unions and Subunions established pursuant to 5553 Seed Cultivation Law  Seed Industrialists and Producers Subunion (TSÜAB) is an occupational organization established pursuant to 5553 Seed Cultivation as a legal entity with public institution characteristic (5553 Article 16)  All seed industralists and producer companies performing activities in Turkey being a member of TSÜAB is a legal obligation (5553-Art. 17)  TSÜAB currently has 577 members.  TSÜAB performs activities within the framework of the statute approved by the Ministry defining the establishment, working procedures and and principles.  TSÜAB as per law is subject to administrative and financial audit of the Ministry.  TSÜAB, as being actual representative of Turkish Seed Cultivators sustains successfully its function of being a driver of the sector.  TSÜAB, within this formation; performs activities for development of seed sector by protecting rights and interests of its members.

38  Basic Philosophy of TSÜAB;Within authorities granted by the law, to represent Turkish seed cultivation inndustry, protect rights and interests of its members and develop Turkish Seed Cultivation Sector.  In recent years extremely important legal regulations were made. On this basis, private sector was organized in line with the law and TSÜAB has taken its position it deserved within this establishment.  As of its institutional structure TSÜAB has a very significant position and within this respect it has to fulfill its mandates appropriate for its position.  While TSÜAB fulfills these mandates and implement its activities it acts in line with procedures and principes determined by laws.  TSÜAB has got a Mission, Vision and “Ethical Rules” accepted by its members. ABOUT TSÜAB Basis for Establishment and Fundemental Mandates

39  We can summarize TSÜAB’s General Activities and Institutional Relations under the main topics listed as below:  STUDIES WITH PROJECTS  TRAININGS  PARTICIPATION AT FAIRS  PROMOTIONAL MEETINGS  WORKING TOGETHER WITH RELATED PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS AND ORGANIZATIONS  INTERNATIONAL MEMBERSHIPS  COPERATION WITH INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS  SECTORAL FOREIGN TADE VISITS  Examples belonging to each of the major activity field above are in TSÜAB archives.  TSÜAB with its activities conducted in integrity and since its establishment with the efforts of its valuable administrators, secretariat and all its members have contributed significantly to Turkish Seed Cultivation and it will continue to do so. TSÜAB ACIVITIES BASICLY

40  In Seed Cultivation sector currently there is a need for seed cultivation focused trained personnel. This need will be felt more in future in parallel to development of the sector. Within this respect we are running a programme by TSÜAB which we deem extremely beneficial and have seen already its benefit.  By TÜSİAB at the universities at Faculties of Agriculture every year for 30 students in average traineeship programme is implemeted and these students with theoretical knowledge and practical studies they carry out at TSÜAB member companies are prepared for future for Seed Cultivation sector.  Besides, seminars are organized within a protocol in the field of seed cultivation within “Occupational Implementation Programmes” for the students demanded by the Faculties of Agriculture.  And by TSÜAB Occupational Meetings and Activities also continued in a routine all year long as to include all the members  Within this scope Product Standing Working Groups are established by TSÜAB and working procedures and principles, mandates and responsibilites of these groups were determined. SOME EXAMPLES OF TSÜAB ACTIVITIES(1)

41 Product Standing Workig Groups were formed. Cereals Working Group Vegetable Working Group IndustrialPlants Working Group Legumes and Meadow-Pasture, Grass and Forage Plants Working Group Besides with pertinent units of our Ministry “Joint Standing Working Groups” were planned. Seed Cultivation Product Standing Working Groups members for preparation of group reports in defined format continue their work periodically all through the year. GROUP REPORTS prepared as a result of these studies were shared with all our members and the invitees last year on 3-4 December at Seed Cultivation Workshop held in Antalya. Besides these reports collected and published as a BOOK. SOME EXAMPLES OF TSÜAB ACTIVITIES(2)

42  As the Seed Industralists and Prodcuers Subunion, in the countries where Seed Export potential is seen high, we organize programmes of “Sectoral Foreign Trade Group Programmes”  In implemetation of these programmes financial support is obtained from the Ministry of Economy and technical support from the Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock  Since September 2011 in coordination of TSÜAB “Seed Cultivation Sectoral Foreign Trade Group Visits” were made to total of 11 countries as follows Azarbaijan/Baku, Ukraine/Kiev, Russian Federation/Moscow, Bosnia- Herzegovina/Sarajevo, Kyrgyzstan/Bishkek, Morocco/Casablanca, Kazakhstan/Almaty and Cimkent, Algeria/Algeria, Italy/Bologna, Poland/Poznan and for the second time Ukraine/Odessa SOME EXAMPLES OF TSÜAB ACTIVITIES(3)

43 3 Basic Problems of Turkish Seed Cultivation Industry R&D LEVEL - INSUFFICIENT PRODUCTION COST HIGH Company Scale is Small Capital is Insufficient Professional –Technical Personnel Scarce Royalties high Labor Cost is Relatively High Epecially Public Land Rents are High R&D Initiative is Lacking (risk is high) REGULATION AND GOVERNANCE PROBLEMS Positive Developments are Ensured Recently TSÜAB carries out its studies with pertinent institutions and organizations related to both individual problems coming from the members and problems identified at Regional Meetings and also problems by Product Standing Working Groups

44 Within a scope of another support implementation of the Ministry of Economy another comprehensive and long term programme was put into practice. Name of this programme is “ SUPPORT FOR DEVELOPMENT OF INTERNATIONAL COMPETITIVENESS” With this programme dependent on the project the following supports will be provided: TRAINING, CONSULTANCY, MARKETING IN ABROAD, PROCUREMENT COMMITTEE INDIVIDUAL CONSULTANCY PROGRAMMES FOR THE COMPANIES And MEETING COSTS OF TSÜAB The prgramme will be actualized step by step, in 36 months in 5 regional fields. These regions are: Marmara Region Aegean Region Central Anatolian Western Mediterranean Region (Antalya) started. And Eastern Mediterranean Southeast Anatolia. SOME EXAMPLES OF TSÜAB ACTIVITIES (UR-GE)

45 3 Basic Problems of Turkish Seed Cultivation Industry R&D LEVEL - INSUFFICIENT PRODUCTION COST HIGH Company Scale is Small Capital is Insufficient Professional –Technical Personnel Scarce Royalties high Labor Cost is Relatively High Epecially Public Land Rents are High R&D Initiative is Lacking (risk is high) REGULATION AND GOVERNANCE PROBLEMS Problems originating from the Law 5553 Phytosanitary and Quarantine Positive Developments are Ensured Recently TSÜAB carries out its studies with pertinent institutions and organizations related to both individual problems coming from the members and problems identified at Regional Meetings and also problems by Product Standing Working Groups

46 ESOME PICTURES OF ECOSA AND TSÜAB ACTIVITIES ECOSA 2010 konferansı ve Fuar Açılışı /İSTANBUL YEAR 2010 FAIR INAUGRATION

47 SOME PICTURES OF TSÜAB ACTIVITIES KYRGYZSTAN - BILATERAL MEETINGSRUSSIA- BILATERAL MEETINGS

48 SOME PICTURES OF TSÜAB ACTIVITIES UKRAINE STH INAUGRATION GERMANY BERLIN FAIR

49 MOROCCO - BILATERAL MEETINGS SOME PICTURES OF TSÜAB ACTIVITIES KAZAKHSTAN – BILATERAL MEETINGSPRESS CONFERENCE IN MOROCCO

50 AZERBAIJAN –PRESENTATION OF PLAQUE UKRAINE –PLAQUE PRESENTATION

51 50 MINISTER OF TRADE HAYATİ YAZICI AT TSÜAB STAND AT HALSER FAIR SOME PICTURES OF TSÜAB ACTIVITIES TSÜAB AT HALSER FAIR

52 51 TSÜAB 2011 WORKING MEETING SOME PICTURES OF TSÜAB ACTIVITIES TSÜAB PRESS PROMOTION

53 52 TSÜAB IN UKRAINE ON TESTING SITE WITH SECRETARY GENERAL OF SEED ASSOCIATION SOME PICTURES OF TSÜAB ACTIVITIES SECRETARY GENERAL PROMOTES TSÜAB IN MOROCCO

54 53 TSÜAB WORKSHOP AT GALA DINNER PRESENTATION OF PLAQUE TO SECRETARY GENERAL OF BOISNA HERZEGOVINIAN SEED CULTIVATION ASSOCIATION SOME PICTURES FROM TSÜAB ACTIVITIES INAUGRATION OF TSÜAB TERRITORIAL SEED CULTIVATION

55 Çalıştay, Aralık 2013 ANTALYA Tayfur ÇAĞLAYAN Genel Sekreter Tayfur ÇAĞLAYAN Genel Sekreter

56 Photographs will be enriched as a separate file and a link will be provided. Besides if required a short video could be attached. These issues(sound upload, music addition, transmissions, etc.). This will be reviewed and clarified with Technical Attendants of the Organization on Saturday or Sunday in Antalya. Some examples are shown currently below. IMAGES


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