# Miscellaneous Topics Calculus Drill!! Developed by Susan Cantey at Walnut Hills H.S. 2006.

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Miscellaneous Topics Calculus Drill!! Developed by Susan Cantey at Walnut Hills H.S. 2006

Miscellaneous Topics Im going to ask you about various unrelated but important calculus topics. When you think you know the answer, (or if you give up ) click to get to the next slide to see if you were correct.

How many different methods are there for evaluating limits? Can you name several?

1. Inspection 2. Observe graph 3. Create a table of values 4. Re-write algebraically 5. Use LHopitals Rule (only if the form is indeterminate) 6. Squeeze theorem (rarely used!!)

lim = ?

What are the three main types of discontinuities?

1. Hole – at x=3 in the example 2. Step – usually the functions description is split up : 3. Vertical asymptote – at x=1 in the example for x<0 for x>0 f(x)= {

What is the definition of continuity at a point?

What is a normal line?

The line perpendicular to the tangent line.

What does the Squeeze Theorem say?

If both f(x) and g(x) as Then h(x) also. Given f(x) > h(x) > g(x) near

What does the Intermediate Value Theorem say?

If f(x) is continuous and p is a y-value between f(a) and f(b), then there is at least one x-value between a and b such that f(c) = p.

What is the formula for the slope of the secant line through (a,f(a)) and (b,f(b)) and what does it represent?

average rate of change in f(x) from x=a to x=b Note: This differs from the derivative which gives exact instantaneous rate of change values at single x-value but you can use it to the derivative value at some values of x=c between a and b.

What does the Mean Value Theorem say?

If f(x) is continuous and differentiable, then for some c between a and b That is the exact rate of change equals the average (mean) rate of change at some point in between a and b.

What does f (a) = 0 tell you about the graph of f(x) ? Warning: irrelevant picture

The graph has a horizontal tangent line at x=a. f(a) might be a minimum or maximum…or perhaps just a horizontal inflection point.

What else must happen in addition to the derivative being zero or undefined at x=a in order for f(a) to be an extrema?

The derivative must change signs at x=a

What is the First Derivative Test?

FIRST DERIVATIVE TEST If f (x) changes from + to – at x=a then f(a) is a local maximum. If f (x) changes from – to + at x=a then f(a) is a local minimum. Dam thats a good test!! Dam, thats a great test!!

Whats the Second Derivative Test?

Given f (a)=0 then: 1.If f (a) < 0, f(a) is a relative max 2.If f (a) > 0, f(a) is a relative min 3.If f (a) = 0 the test fails The Second Derivative Test: Dont be Stumped... Ha ha ha…

What do you know about the graph of f(x) if f (a) = 0 (or does not exist)?

You know there might be an inflection point at x = a. (Check to see if there is also a sign change in f at x = a to confirm the inflection point actually occurs)

How do you determine velocity?

Velocity = the first derivative of the position function, or v(a) + (initial velocity + cumulative change in velocity)

How do you determine speed?

Speed = absolute value of velocity

How do you determine acceleration?

acceleration = first derivative of velocity = second derivative of position

If f (x) is negative….

Then f(x) is decreasing….

If f (x) is positive….

Then f(x) is increasing….

If f (x) is negative then…

f(x) is concave down

If f (x) is positive then…

f(x) is concave up

How do you compute the average value of ?

______________________ b - a dx Note: This is also known as the Mean (average) Value Theorem for Integrals

How do you locate and confirm vertical and horizontal asymptotes?

Vertical – suspect them at x-values which cause the denominator of f(x) to be zero. Confirm that the limit as x a is infinite…. Horizontal – suspect rational functions Confirm that as x, y a

What is LHopitals Rule? ^

Given that as x both f and g or both f and g then the limit of = the limit of as x LHopitals Rule: ^

What is the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus???

where F (x) = f(x) Do you know the other form? The one that is less commonly used? The FUN damental Theorem of Calculus:

What is the general integral for computing volume by slicing (disk method)? (Assume we are revolving f(x) about the x-axis)

What if we revolve f(x) around y=a ?

What if we revolve the area between 2 functions: f(x) and g(x) around the x-axis?

Be sure to square the radii separately!!! (and put the larger function first)

Yea!!! Thats all folks!

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