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Living and Working in Space on STS-40 Millie Hughes-Fulford Ph.D. M. Hughes-Fulford.

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Presentation on theme: "Living and Working in Space on STS-40 Millie Hughes-Fulford Ph.D. M. Hughes-Fulford."— Presentation transcript:

1 Living and Working in Space on STS-40 Millie Hughes-Fulford Ph.D. M. Hughes-Fulford

2 Crew of STS-40

3 Sid, Brian, Millie, Jim and Rhea at Ellington AFB ready to go to the Cape in the T-38

4 Flying to the Cape in the T-38

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6 Changes that Occur in Space Space Adaptation Syndrome Space Anemia Loss of Muscle Loss of Bone M. Hughes-Fulford

7 Loss of OS Calcis Bone Apollo 14, 16, 18 Skylab 2 Skylab 4 Skylab 3 DAYS DAYS % Density - 6

8 What is Osteoporosis? Osteoporosis is characterized by low bone mass and microscopic breakdown of bone tissue leading to increase in fractures M. Hughes-Fulford

9 Normal Bone Osteoporosis M. Hughes-Fulford

10 Stress Exercise Stimulates Bone Growth GRAVITY New Bone Growth M. Hughes-Fulford

11 Fracture Risk in Men and Women Fracture line M. Hughes-Fulford

12 Factors That Influence Bone Lack of Exercise (mechanical stress) Inadequate diet Lack of bone formation in teenage years M. Hughes-Fulford

13 Studies on Bone Calcium level changes during flight Hormone changes during flight Metabolic studies of effects of spaceflight For studies on isolated osteoblasts go to

14 The commute home from the lab through the tunnel was short seconds

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16 What is this??

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22 M. Hughes-Fulford


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