2 The SoulThe human soul was the main focus in islamic philosophyBelief that soul consists of rational and non-rational parts (same idea as the greeks) -Non-rational: Focuses on plant and animal souls -Rational: Practical and theoretical intellects
3 Muslims believed that in order to have a happy soul, you had to isolate yourself from the demands of your body and focus on learning about the endless aspects of the universe. Al-Farabi, an Islamic philosopher was unsure if the rational soul could or could not survive eternally. Ibn-Sina believed that the rational soul had no beginning or end Ibn-Rushd believed that the soul and its parts came together and were eventually destroyed
4 So basically the soul is the source of acts performed by the will -It is a rational soul because it is aware of it’s existence, aware of itself. It is separate from the body…the non-rational soul is what manages your body, like your instincts are non rational
5 Without the body the soul does not exist Without the soul the body does not existYou need one to have the other
6 -The soul is a form for the body, it is the perfection for that body -The soul is a form for the body, it is the perfection for that body. It is what makes one whole. Ex. I am the soul…I am the body*(the body is an image of the soul)Similar to world of the formsAlso similar to Christian belief one is made in God’s image
7 Eternity of the SoulPhilosophers believe the non rational soul is destroyed at death but the rational soul is indestructible.According to Islam, Allah sends the angel of death Azreal to take the soul of the person.There is a judgment day, but the soul rests until this day comes.
8 Quiz 1.what was the main focus of Islam philosophy? a. plants b. animals c. the human soul d. the angel of death2. in order to have a happy soul...a. eat food b. excerice c. isolate yourself from the demands of your body d. go to six flags :)3.the body and the soul area. my momma b. one whole, without one the other does not exist c. fergilicious d. non-rational4. who is the angel of death?a. Azreal b. Abercrombie c. Aimee Lopez d. Alleles 5. the rational soul is/area. eternal and indestructive b. non-rational c. plants and animals d. is based on your instincts