2Important Distinction We have one Earth, divided into…….7 continents (large pieces of land)Each continent is broken into regions (areas that share similar characteristics)Each continent is also divided into one or more countries.Australia (the continent) contains Australia (the country)Africa (the continent is divided into 55 countries!)Countries contain their own regions, as well as cities.
4Let’s look at Africa the Continent Physical AfricaAfrica Divided into Countries
5A Closer Look…A region of AfricaA country in that region
6What is Geography?Simple definition: The study of the Earth and it’s people.Better definition: The study of where people, places, and things are located and how they related to each other.
7Why is geography important in World Studies? We will learn the location of continents, regions, countries, cities.Helps us better understand our world, its people, and cultures.Where are different people and cultures located?What impact does physical geog. have on people?Helps us study and understand history.Helps us on a daily basis…how?
8Two Main Branches of Geography PhysicalHumanStudies the physical/ natural features of the Earth.Mountains, rivers, tectonic plates, oceans, volcanoes, natural resources.Studies the interaction between people and the natural features of the Earth.Farming, cities, culture, migration patterns, habitat, political boundaries.
95 Themes of Geography M ovement R egion L ocation I nteraction P lace Used to help us understand the links between people and the Earth.M ovementR egionL ocationI nteractionP laceRemember MR. LIP!
10Movement Examines the movement of people, goods, and ideas. Movements often occur together.How did Christianity end up in America?Why do Mexicans speak Spanish?Why is Polish sausage popular in Chicago?
11Region An area with similar and unifying characteristics. Similarities may be physical (ie Rocky mts.)Similarities may be cultural, political, or economic (ie the Muslim world)What are some characteristics of the Chicagoland region?
12Location The position of a place on the Earth’s surface. Can be relative (Harlan is in Chicago) or exact (Harlan is located at 9652 S. Michigan Ave.)How else could you describe the relative location of Harlan?
13InteractionStudies the relationship between people and their environment.How to people use the Earth’s resources to satisfy their needs?Water for irrigation, land for farming, trees to build houses, oil as fuel.What are potential negative outcomes to human interaction with the Earth?
14Place The physical and human characteristics of a location. Describe Chicago…
16What is a map?A map is a two dimensional representation of a part or all of the Earth’s surface.Shows us physical and political features of the Earth.Can also show us information such as population density or climate.
17Scale of a Map What a distance on a map is equal to on the ground. Different maps have different scales.As we zoom in, scale becomes larger.
18Important Parts of a Map Compass Rose- shows direction on a map.Scale- shows what a distance on a map is actually equal to on Earth.Key- tells us what different symbols, colors and lines on a map mean.
19Map ProjectionsMap projections are ways of showing a round Earth on a flat map.There is no perfect map…all flat maps distort the Earth in some way.Distortions may include: change in shape, change of distance, change in size, change in direction.
24Different Types of Maps Physical MapsShows features such as mountains, plains, rivers and oceans.Focus is on natural features and not cities, countries, and borders.I see the Alps Mts. but have no idea where Paris is.
25Different Types of Maps Political MapsThe focus is on cities, countries, states, and borders.I see France but where is the Danube River?
26Different Types of Maps Thematic/ Special Purpose MapThese maps focus on specific information such as population density or resource distribution.
27Different Types of Maps Historical MapsShows how a certain area has changed over time.Shows what a certain area used to look like.I see the Holy Roman Empire, but where’s Germany?
28Different Types of Maps The GlobeA globe is the most accurate representation of the Earth because it is round like the Earth.A globe shows us the truest sizes of land and bodies of water.