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Circulating Metabolite Predictors of Glycemia in Middle-Aged Men and Women Featured Article: Peter Würtz, Ph.D., Mika Tiainen, M.S.C., Ville-Petteri Mäkinen,

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Presentation on theme: "Circulating Metabolite Predictors of Glycemia in Middle-Aged Men and Women Featured Article: Peter Würtz, Ph.D., Mika Tiainen, M.S.C., Ville-Petteri Mäkinen,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Circulating Metabolite Predictors of Glycemia in Middle-Aged Men and Women Featured Article: Peter Würtz, Ph.D., Mika Tiainen, M.S.C., Ville-Petteri Mäkinen, D.S.C., Antti J. Kangas, M.S.C., Pasi Soininen, Ph.D., Juha Saltevo, M.D., Ph.D., Sirkka Keinänen-Kiukaanniemi, M.D., Ph.D., Pekka Mäntyselkä, M.D., Ph.D., Terho Lehtimäki, M.D., Ph.D., Markku Laakso, M.D., Ph.D., Antti Jula, M.D., Ph.D., Mika Kähönen, M.D., Ph.D., Mauno Vanhala, M.D., Ph.D., Mika Ala-Korpela, Ph.D. Diabetes Care Volume 35: August, 2012

2 Study Objective Metabolite predictors of deteriorating glucose tolerance may elucidate the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes Study investigated associations of circulating metabolites from high-throughput profiling with fasting and postload glycemia cross-sectionally and prospectively on the population level Würtz P et al. Diabetes Care 2012;35:

3 Study Design Oral glucose tolerance assessed in 2 Finnish population- based studies consisting of 1,873 individuals (mean age 52 years, 58% women) OGTT reexamined after 6.5 years for 618 individuals in one of the cohorts Metabolites quantified by NMR spectroscopy from fasting serum samples Associations were studied by linear regression models adjusted for established risk factors Würtz P et al. Diabetes Care 2012;35:

4 Results 19 circulating metabolites, including amino acids, gluconeogenic substrates, and fatty acid measures cross- sectionally associated with fasting and/or postload glucose (P< 0.001) Branched-chain amino acids, phenylalanine, and α1-acid glycoprotein predicted both fasting and 2-h glucose at 6.5- year follow-up (P< 0.05) Alanine, lactate, pyruvate, and tyrosine associated with 6.5- year postload glucose (P = 0.003–0.04) Würtz P et al. Diabetes Care 2012;35:

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9 Conclusions Alterations in branched-chain and aromatic amino acid metabolism precede hyperglycemia in the general population Alanine, lactate, and pyruvate were predictive of postchallenge glucose These gluconeogenic precursors are potential markers of long-term impaired insulin sensitivity that may relate to attenuated glucose tolerance later in life Würtz P et al. Diabetes Care 2012;35:


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