2 Curriculum for Young Children Teaching is fun, exciting, and rewarding, especially observing enthusiastic and happy children.Copyright 2013 Wadsworth Cengage Learning.All Rights Reserved.
3 What Is Curriculum?1. Collection of ideas including learning, program, plans, school subjects, materials, topics of study. 2. Both planned and unplanned experiences to develop skills and knowledge.Looking at Terminology Particular words, or terms, have meaning and significance. Early childhood programs do not have fixed rules with fixed terminology.Copyright 2013 Wadsworth Cengage Learning.All Rights Reserved.
4 Curriculum Defined curriculum a noun A course of study; a program of studies (Barnhart and Barnhart, 1990)Curriculum for young children is the topic of this textbook.curriculums or curriculapluralMore than one course of study or programThe teacher tried many different types of curriculums. The teacher tried many different types of curricula.curricularadjectiveOf, having to do with, or describing curriculumEarly childhood educators continued to develop their curricular practices.Copyright 2013 Wadsworth Cengage Learning.All Rights Reserved.
5 What Is Curriculum?Curriculum is an organized framework that delineates:The content that children are to learnThe process through which children are to learnThe process through which children achieve the identifiedcurricular goalsWhat teachers do to help children achieve these goalsThe context in which teaching and learning occur
6 Activities: The Core of the Curriculum 1. Hands-on - children use their hands, arms, legs, feet, and bodies rather than just listening and observing teachers.2. Concrete - allow children to use real materials as active participants.Copyright 2013 Wadsworth Cengage Learning.All Rights Reserved.
7 Benefits of Planning and Managing Your Curriculum Ensures best opportunities to develop in secure, stable, interestingenvironments.Allows teachers to predict and prepare for events.Gives sense of predictability, confidence, and control.Maximizes use of time, increases opportunities for quality interaction.Copyright 2013 Wadsworth Cengage Learning.All Rights Reserved.
12 Basic Principles of Development Early experiences have both cumulative and delayed effects on individual children’s development; Optimal periods exist for certain types of development and learningDevelopment proceeds in predictable directions toward greater complexity, organization, and internalizationDevelopment and learning occur in and are influenced by multiple social and cultural contexts
14 Basic Principles of Development Development advances when children have opportunities to practice newly acquired skills as well as when they experience a challenge just beyond the level of their present masteryChildren demonstrate different modes of knowing and learning and different ways of representing what they knowChildren develop and learn best in the context of a community where they are safe and valued, their physical needs are met, and they feel psychologically secure
21 Effective Curriculum: Advantages of an Integrated Curriculum Provides for learning to take place within the context of meaningful activitiesRequires large blocks of time so learning can be more in-depthPromotes self-motivation and extension of learningBlends hands-on learning with skill acquisitionLends itself to both a theme and project approach to curriculum planning