Presentation on theme: "EDU 259 Spring 2014 What is Curriculum?. Curriculum for Young Children Teaching is fun, exciting, and rewarding, especially observing enthusiastic and."— Presentation transcript:
EDU 259 Spring 2014 What is Curriculum?
Curriculum for Young Children Teaching is fun, exciting, and rewarding, especially observing enthusiastic and happy children. Copyright 2013 Wadsworth Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
What Is Curriculum? Copyright 2013 Wadsworth Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. 1. Collection of ideas including learning, program, plans, school subjects, materials, topics of study. 2. Both planned and unplanned experiences to develop skills and knowledge. Looking at Terminology Particular words, or terms, have meaning and significance. Early childhood programs do not have fixed rules with fixed terminology.
Curriculum Defined curriculum a noun A course of study; a program of studies (Barnhart and Barnhart, 1990) Curriculum for young children is the topic of this textbook. curriculums or curricula plural More than one course of study or program The teacher tried many different types of curriculums. The teacher tried many different types of curricula. curricular adjective Of, having to do with, or describing curriculum Early childhood educators continued to develop their curricular practices. Copyright 2013 Wadsworth Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
Curriculum is an organized framework that delineates: The content that children are to learn The process through which children are to learn The process through which children achieve the identified curricular goals What teachers do to help children achieve these goals The context in which teaching and learning occur What Is Curriculum?
Activities: The Core of the Curriculum Copyright 2013 Wadsworth Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. 1. Hands-on - children use their hands, arms, legs, feet, and bodies rather than just listening and observing teachers. 2. Concrete - allow children to use real materials as active participants.
Benefits of Planning and Managing Your Curriculum Copyright 2013 Wadsworth Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. Ensures best opportunities to develop in secure, stable, interesting environments. Allows teachers to predict and prepare for events. Gives sense of predictability, confidence, and control. Maximizes use of time, increases opportunities for quality interaction.
Basic Principles of Development Early experiences have both cumulative and delayed effects on individual children’s development; Optimal periods exist for certain types of development and learning Development proceeds in predictable directions toward greater complexity, organization, and internalization Development and learning occur in and are influenced by multiple social and cultural contexts
Basic Principles of Development Development advances when children have opportunities to practice newly acquired skills as well as when they experience a challenge just beyond the level of their present mastery Children demonstrate different modes of knowing and learning and different ways of representing what they know Children develop and learn best in the context of a community where they are safe and valued, their physical needs are met, and they feel psychologically secure
Provides for learning to take place within the context of meaningful activities Requires large blocks of time so learning can be more in-depth Promotes self-motivation and extension of learning Blends hands-on learning with skill acquisition Lends itself to both a theme and project approach to curriculum planning Effective Curriculum: Advantages of an Integrated Curriculum