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What should we look for in a German Shepherd Maren von der Heyde – NBS 2012.

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Presentation on theme: "What should we look for in a German Shepherd Maren von der Heyde – NBS 2012."— Presentation transcript:

1 What should we look for in a German Shepherd Maren von der Heyde – NBS 2012

2 The German Shepherd Dog has become a concept worldwide for dependability, faithfulness, and many versatile uses. Also the dog can be used as a service dog, protection dog, herding dog, tracking dog, guide dog for the blind, and rescue dog, to mention only some of the possibilities. The extent of the uses has become so great that all of them cannot be mentioned. It is a credit to the goodwill of the dog and the skill of the breeder that the field of use of the German Shepherd Dog is so large.

3 The German Shepherd Dog is a WORKING DOG These eight words form the basis for working with the dog, judging the dog, and thinking about breeding, in short, for all the effort we put in the dog. So you can see how useful it is in judging the structure to keep in mind the achievement and uses of the dog.

4 To be a working dog means that the dog must be so structured and bred that with minimum expenditure of energy the dog can produce the greatest level of performance. Therefore, the structure must be in harmony, with no exaggeration or understatement in the angulation, size, weight, or chest structure. For this reason, the German Shepherd can only be judged, and the characteristics of the breed demand that it be judged, as a working dog. Functionality is above beauty and fashion. His real beauty and nobility are in complete functionality, in the harmonious relationship of all parts.

5 The judge should be cautious in leaving out specific faults or virtues but should weigh them if flaws are of extreme importance for the work- use of the dog. In viewing your dog it should be immediately evident as to the sex of your dog. A male should look like a male and a female like a female. At the first general overview, the judge should consider at first the general condition, sexual characteristics, character, strength, expression, symmetry, nobility, constitution and condition.

6 Size The German Shepherd belongs to the medium sized breeds, which means that it is approximately 60 cm high at the withers, the males measuring cm and the females cm. The ideal measurements are : 63 cm for males and 58 cm for females. The withers are the only point where height is measured in a dog. The animal is measured standing evenly on all fours, and is measured at the highest point of the withers, with the hair pushed down, vertically downwards, touching the elbow, to the ground.

7 Giants are not agile Performance and use require specific degree of size and strength. If the dog is oversized, he is either too heavy because increased size means increased weight over proportional, or he is long legged, which means he has a poor chest structure and steep ankles. Too large and too heavy dogs have too much weight. It is too difficult for them to stop, jump and climb.Besides, they are mostly unwilling to work and tire easily. Long legged dogs are even more restricted in performance. The poor angulation causes them to not be fluid in motion.In addition to this comes insufficient chest structure, insufficient room for organs, and fine bones.

8 Small dogs With too small dogs, even with harmonious structure, strength is missing. They are fine-boned, they are fast and flexible, but they have little endurance. Or, they have the right amount of strength, but the leg bones are too short. The chest is then too deep, and they have little reach and a rolling gait. The requirements for use – strength, endurance, flexibility and speed – can only be achieved by medium sized dogs.

9 The German Shepherd Dog is a mover ! Therefore he has a sufficiently stretched posture. The relationship of height to length is 9 to 10. If the dog is shorter he tires faster in trotting and tends to gallop. Long legged animals can only partially use rear quarter strength, and tend to have weak backs.

10 The weight Medium heavy males weigh : kg Medium heavy females weigh : 29 – 32 kg Distribution of weight : Muscles 53% Bones 14% Coat 12% Blood 8% Organs, fat etc.. 13% The strength of the dog lies primarily in muscles and bones. The bone structure should be firm and dry.

11 The coat The German Shepherd has a pronounced outer coat with a dense, firm inner coat. Too short a coat exposes the dog to the elements. Too long hair with no undercoat allows the dog to become wet too fast, and exposes him to matting ( which can be torn when going through underbrush ). Dogs with long hair and no undercoat cannot be bred.

12 The pigment In the entire breeding science of service animals, the fading of colors is tied in with the lack of inner structure and lack of resistance against illness.Signs of fading are light insides of legs, light toenails and red tail tips.

13 The lines of the dog The lines shall be in harmony. The top line begins at the ear tips, and continues without a sharp bend or break, gently falling to the tail tip. The underline begins at the neck and leads across the front and lower chest with a slight tuck up towards the back.


15 The tail The tail is carried saber like, hanging downward. Even in excitement it shall not be raised above the line of the back. The tail can be anywhere from 18 – 23 vertebrae long, but it should not touch the ground when standing. Flaws in the holding of the tail are especially noticeable when the dog is moving.

16 The genitals The genitals in bitches do not require any special judging. In males, judging is to notice if they are strongly developed. The testicles must be visible, strongly developed, and well placed. The missing one or both testicles or if one is insufficiently developed, designates that there is to be no breeding of the male. Such a flaw is a sign that the body does not produce enough hormones. This is an inherited trait.

17 Teeth Puppies have 28 first or milk teeth. The molars and premolars are missing. The second set, or adult set, consists of 42 teeth. Upper jaw – 20 ; lower jaw – 22 : 6 incisors, upper and lower 12 2 canines, upper and lower 4 8 premolars, upper and lower 16 4 upper molars 4 6 lower molars 6 total 42 total 42 The crushing teeth are the no 4 premolars ( upper ) and the no 1 molars ( lower ). Between those a pressure of 1.65 kg per square cm can be produced.




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