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Presentation on theme: "THINGS TO REMEMBER IN WRITING THE SCIENCE INVESTIGATORY PROJECT"— Presentation transcript:


2 FORMAT Use a formal font/type face and regular font size: Tahoma, size: 11. Use ONLY black ink Use a plain white short bond paper. Use 1 1/2 inch margin - top and left, 1 inch in the bottom and right side. Chapters I-VI should be double-spaced. Indent the beginning of a paragraph 5 spaces from the left margin

3 PAGINATION Page numbers should be in Arabic numerals starting from the second page down to the last entry of chapter VI. Page numbers are set half inch down from the top of each page and aligned at the right hand margin of the text.

4 WRITING THE ABSTRACT This paper should consist of short and concise description of the purpose of the study, the procedure used, the results and conclusions. It must be contained on one page, single –space with a maximum of 250 words.

5 Used Cooking Oil as an Additive Component of Candle
Abstract The study aims to produce a low-priced, high-quality candle by using used cooking oil as a major component. The following candle compositions were used: 100 percent paraffin wax; 90 percent paraffin and 10 percent oil; 80 percent paraffin and 20 percent oil; 70 percent paraffin and 30 percent oil; 60 percent paraffin and 40 percent oil; 50 percent paraffin and 50 percent oil. The firmness, texture, and light intensity of the candles were tested and compared.

6 Used Cooking Oil as an Additive Component of Candle
Results of the tests showed that the candle made from 100 percent paraffin wax had the lowest melting rate, lowest amount of melted candle, and a light intensity of 100 candelas (cd). The 90:10 preparation had the next lowest melting rate and amount of melted candle. The other preparations ranked according to the proportion of used cooking oil in the candle, with the 50:50 preparation performing least comparably with the 100 percent paraffin wax candle.

7 ASSIGNMENT Read the abstract posted on the website ( Identify the problem, hypothesis, and variables. Write down the methodology (in your own words), results and conclusion. Place them in a size one paper. Attached the print out of the abstract. DATE OF SUBMISSION: JUNE 28, 2010(MONDAY)

8 WRITING YOUR TITLE Capitalize the first letter of each word in a title, except conjunctions, articles and prepositions. Use phrase rather than a sentence. The title should be stated in a formal manner. Avoid using fancy words. Do not underline a title or enclose in quotation marks. Do not use any punctuation marks at the end of the title. Example Used Cooking Oil as an Additive Component of Candle

9 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT (contained in a separate sheet)
This part acknowledges the people, companies and organizations who helped you in the course of your study. This part should be written in a paragraph form.

10 TABLE OF CONTENTS Wording and grammar of the chapter titles, headings and title of tables and figures should be consistent with how it is written in the text and in the table of contents.

11 BIBLIOGRAPHY BOOKS 1) Author’s full name 2) Full title, including any subtitle 3) Edition 4) Number of the volume and the total number of volumes (if the book is part of a multi-volume work) 5) City of publication 6) Shortened form of the publisher’s name 7) Year of publication

12 BIBLIOGRAPHY JOURNAL ARTICLE 1) Author’s name 2) Full title of the article 3) Full title of the journal 4) Volume number 5) Year of publication 6) Inclusive page numbers of the article

13 BIBLIOGRAPHY NEWSPAPER OR MAGAZINE ARTICLE 1) Author’s name 2) Full title of the article 3) Title of the periodical 4) Date of publication 5) Inclusive page numbers of the article

14 BIBLIOGRAPHY INTERNET SOURCE 1) Author’s name 2) Title of the document 3) Full information about any previous or simultaneous publication in print form 4) Title of the scholarly project, database, periodical or Website 5) Name of editor of the scholarly project or database 6) Date of electronic publication or last update 7) Name of the institution or organization sponsoring or associated site 8) Date when you accessed the source 9) Network address or URL

15 UNACCEPTABLE SOURCES for a Bibliography
General Encyclopedia Newspaper accounts Inspirational books Popular/Non-scholarly magazines

16 CHAPTER IV: Analysis and Interpretation of Data
TITLE: Kalamansi Peels Into Citro-Candy Table & Graph Pictures The researchers found out that the science concept involved in recycling kalamansi peels into a delicious citro- candy is its nutritive value for human nutrition. About 75% of the ascorbic acid of this fruit is contained in the peel based from the titration test and iodine conducted on the extracted juice from the peelings. The pulp and juice were also tested and it was found out that they contain lesser amounts of ascorbic acid. The peel based on the literature says that it contains the highest carotenoids, around 50-75% of the total amount of carotenoids in the fruit.

17 CHAPTER IV: Analysis and Interpretation of Data
Futhermore, the vitamin C present in kalamansi peels has specific roles in our body:Vitamin C prevents poisoning in the blood, prevents scurvy and helps wound heal faster.

18 CHAPTER IV: Analysis and Interpretation of Data

19 CHAPTER IV: Analysis and Interpretation of Data
The results show that the test tube B with the milk and E. Coli specimen had the largest colony of bacterial growth whereas test tube C with milk, the E. Coli specimen and garlic extract did not show any signs of bacterial growth. Test tube A showed some small signs of bacterial growth probably due to contamination during the incubation period.

20 CHAPTER IV: Analysis and Interpretation of Data
ANALYSIS OF DATA: Based from the experiment done by the researchers, it showed that garlic can retard or minimize bacterial growth. The size of the bacterial colony where garlic was added did not reach 10 mm. Furthermore, based on the similar studies conducted on fresh garlic says that it can also kill the antibiotic-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, and Salmonella enteritidis in the laboratory. Thus, can help in the prevention and possibly cure for some diseases like gout, rheumatism, hemorrhoids, asthma, bronchitis, fungal infections, warts, and corns.


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