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Investments in Safety by JR East Japan HIDEAKI KIMURA HIDEAKI KIMURA Transport Safety Department East Japan Railway Company International Railway Safety.

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Presentation on theme: "Investments in Safety by JR East Japan HIDEAKI KIMURA HIDEAKI KIMURA Transport Safety Department East Japan Railway Company International Railway Safety."— Presentation transcript:

1 Investments in Safety by JR East Japan HIDEAKI KIMURA HIDEAKI KIMURA Transport Safety Department East Japan Railway Company International Railway Safety Conference in London October 8, 2012

2 JR Group Map JR Group Map JR East JR Central JR Central JR West JR West JR Shikoku JR Shikoku Tokyo Osaka JR Kyushu JR Freight JR Freight JR Hokkaido JR Hokkaido 2

3 3 December 4, 2010 Service started between Hachinohe and Shin-Aomori Service started between Hachinohe and Shin-Aomori Nagano Niigata Tokyo Akita Hachinohe Shinjo Shinkansen km Conventional lines converted for Shikansen service km New direct lines (see above) km *The figures are as of April 1, 2012 Number of employees 59,130 Working kilometers 7,512.6 km Number of stations 1,689 Number of in-service trains 12,757/day Number of trains 13,157 Overview of JR East 1 Overview of JR East 1 Extension work underway (Shinkansen) Shin-Aomori December 4, 2010 December 4, 2010 Service started between Hachinohe and Shin-Aomori Service started between Hachinohe and Shin-Aomori

4 4 Passengers: million Train-kilometers: 710,000 KM Door openings: approximately 6 million times Signal validations: approximately 1.2 million times Crossing openings: approximately 700,000 times Per day: Overview of JR East 2 Overview of JR East 2

5 1. Safety is an important mission for our railway business a) We have been working consistently to improve safety as our important mission. a) We have been working consistently to improve safety as our important mission. b) For safety investments, we have invested more than 2,200 billion yen under b) For safety investments, we have invested more than 2,200 billion yen under the past four 5-year safety plans. the past four 5-year safety plans. 2. Prevention of accidents by evaluating risks in advance a) Our present method to prevent serious accidents is mainly to prevent repeating a) Our present method to prevent serious accidents is mainly to prevent repeating the accidents or events that had happened. the accidents or events that had happened. b) In the fifth 5-year safety plan, we introduced risk evaluation that takes into b) In the fifth 5-year safety plan, we introduced risk evaluation that takes into consideration the frequency of the events we have experienced in the past,and consideration the frequency of the events we have experienced in the past,and the maximum scale of damage of the events we can imagine. the maximum scale of damage of the events we can imagine. 3. Our way of thinking about safety investments a) We will continue the present method to prevent serious accidents. In addition, a) We will continue the present method to prevent serious accidents. In addition, we will advance the new method of before the fact prevention of accidents we will advance the new method of before the fact prevention of accidents by risk evaluation by risk evaluation b) We will push forward countermeasures based on the experience of the Great b) We will push forward countermeasures based on the experience of the Great East Japan Earthquake disaster, taking countermeasures for a possible East Japan Earthquake disaster, taking countermeasures for a possible earthquake directly beneath the Tokyo metropolitan area. earthquake directly beneath the Tokyo metropolitan area. Contents Contents 5

6 1/16/ Safety Basic Plan Integrated plan covering both tangible and intangible aspects Safety Basic Plan Integrated plan covering both tangible and intangible aspects Safety Priority Investiment Plan Formulation of a safety-related investment plan Safety Priority Investiment Plan Formulation of a safety-related investment plan Safety Plan Prevention of major accidents and improvement of transportation quality Safety Plan Prevention of major accidents and improvement of transportation quality 2013 Safety Vision Approach safety through independent thinking and acting Safety Plan Going back to basics and re-approaching safety Safety Plan Going back to basics and re-approaching safety Midterm Plans for Safety

7 Creating a culture of safety Rebuilding a safety management system Taking sure steps to reduce risks Promoting active installation of safety facilities Prevention of accidents by evaluating risks in advande Safety-related human resource development and system improvement New perspective I New perspective II 2013 Safety Vision Approach safety through independent thinking and acting 2013 Safety Vision Approach safety through independent thinking and acting 7

8 Mai hyatto Train accidents Collisions, derailments, fires Accidents at level crossings (Collisions or contact with trains at crossings) Accidents resulting in injuries or fatalities (Accidents causing deaths or injuries to people [excluding suicides]) Accidents causing damage to property (Accidents causing JPY 5 million or more in property damage) Train accidents Collisions, derailments, fires Accidents at level crossings (Collisions or contact with trains at crossings) Accidents resulting in injuries or fatalities (Accidents causing deaths or injuries to people [excluding suicides]) Accidents causing damage to property (Accidents causing JPY 5 million or more in property damage) Events causing an impact or delay in train operations Events that could lead to a railway operation accident, events causing a major impact on passengers, and events caused by human error Events that were caught in advance, and for which the stipulated handling was conducted as a result Events causing concern on a regular basis Events that were caught in advance, and for which the stipulated handling was conducted as a result Events causing concern on a regular basis Transportation disruption Events requiring attention Events requiring reporting Events with high possibility of passenger or employee death or injury * Defined in Train Accident Report Regulations K Kind of railway accidents occur Train operation accidents 8

9 Train accidents (all JNR and All JR) JNR 2011 All JR Collisions Derailments Fires Fiscal year (No. of accidents) 9

10 10 [Number of accidents] Trend of railway operation accidents Number of accidents per million kilometers Railway damage accidents Accidents causing personal injury Crossing obstacle accidents Train accidents Accidents per million operating km Number of Railway Operating Accidents Reduced by approximately one third since JR established [Fiscal year]

11 Major past accidents Major past accidents 1951 Sakuragicho train fire 106 deaths 1962 Mikawashima train collision 159 deaths 1963 Tsurumi train collision 161 deaths 11

12 Major past accidents Major past accidents 2005 Fukuchiyama Line derailment 107 deaths 107 deaths 1988 Higashinakano Station train collision 2 deaths 2005 Uetsu Line derailment 5 deaths 12

13 1951 Sakuragicho train fire Improvements to train body structure, window structure, and connecting doors; train announcements; safety manifesto 1962 Mikawashima train collision ATS improvement, radio alarms for train protection, regulation revisions, establishment of railway labor science institute 1987 Japanese National Railways privatized and divided, and JR established 1988 Higashinakano train collision ATS-P improvement, safety research institute, training center, Midterm Plans for Safety 1988 Rokuhara derailment disaster prevention information system 1991 Shigaraki Kogen Railway collision substitute blocking on single track prohibited as general rule 1992 Osuga crossing accident obstacle detection equipment, OH warning device 1995 Great Hanshin Earthquake anti-seismic reinforcement measures on elevated bridges 1997 Accident at Katahama on the Tokaido Lineblocking instructions operations 2004 Shinkansen derailment caused by the Chuetsu Earthquake train breakaway prevention measures, early earthquake detection system, power outage detection equipment 2005 Fukuchiyama Line derailment ATS equipment for curved tracks 2005 Uetsu Line derailment expansion of anemometers, gale warning systems, disaster prevention research center, operating regulations and Doppler radar research using weather information 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake anti-seismic reinforcement measures expanded, behavioral guidelines for tsunami occurence History of railway accidents 13

14 14 Investment results (Hundred millions of yen) Safety Priority Investment Plan Safety Basic Plan Safety Plan 21 Safety Plan 2008 Fiscal Year safety Investment Total investment Safety Vision Approximately JPY 750 billion (Five years) (planned) 1630 (planned) Trend in safety investments Conduct a total safety investment of over JPY 2.7 trillion Conduct a total safety investment of over JPY 2.7 trillion

15 Fiscal 1987 to 2007 all JR figures Average number of deaths for accidents that caused deaths (persons per time) Annual average frequency of occurrence (times per year) Falls Door jamming Non-blocking Running through signal Wind Falling rocks Crossing Track work Rain Automobile intrusion External obstacle Track obstruction Earthquake Other Brake handling error (bumper) Before Fukuchiyama Line accident :Average of all JR rail accidents : Reference (JR East) Excessive speed After Fukuchiyama Line accident Excessive speed Risk analysis based on results 15

16 Frequency of occurrence Level crossing derailment accident Maximum estimation damage ranking B A: Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake, Tokyo metropolitan area large earthquake(assumption) B: Osutakayama airplane disaster, Tsunami collision, Mikawashima collision, Fukuchiyama line derailment C: Shigaraki-kougen Railway collision, Uetsu Line derailment D: People being hit by a train at a station platform. Ranking for potential damage June 18, 1989 Nambu Line October 12, 1999 Seibu Railway September 26, 2002 Nagoya Railroad Derailment: 21 cases Non- derailment 1,271 cases Derailment accidents on multiple tracks Maximum potential damage ranking B ABCD Past crossing accidents Frequency Number of level crossing accidents over the past 20 years Evaluating new risk 16

17 One misstep... Operator related (Train collision at Otsuki Station on the Chuo Line) Passengers: approximately 550 (78 injuries) Train car related (Fire on the Arcadia on the Joetsu Line) Passengers: 80 (no deaths or injuries) Work related (Track upheaval near Takadanobaba Station on the Yamanote Line) Passengers: approximately 2,000 (3 injuries) Disasters (earthquakes) (Derailment accident on the Joetsu Shinkansen Line between Urasa and Nagaoka) Passengers: 151 (no deaths or injuries) Signal related (Derailment accident at Sendai Railyard) Passengers: 159 (no deaths or injuries) Track maintenance related (Backhoe collision near Oimachi Station on the Keihin Tohoku Line) Passengers: approximately 150 (no deaths or injuries) 17

18 D C B A Maximum estimation damage ranking Frequency of occurrence Contact with rolling stock on station platform Wheel-climb derailment, sand, and gravel Level crossing derailment accidents Mafor earthquake in the Tokyo metropolitan area Low-speed derailment Derailments due to excess speed Risk evaluation and countermeasures Dragging caused by door jamming Derailments due to falling rocks 18

19 Countermeasures against Tokyo metropolitan area large earthquake Countermeasures against level crossing derailment accidents Countermeasures against excessive speed; Countermeasures against miscommunication Countermeasures against excessive speed; Countermeasures against miscommunication Safety measures for station platform Countermeasures against natural disasters Detecting and stopping trains at an early stage, examining the earthquake-proof measures on each line Countermeasures that prevent pedestrians from crossing just in front of moving trains, countermeasures against secondary damage, installation of crossing obstacle detectors according to the danger level at crossings outside of the Tokyo metropolitan area. For train drivers, the installation of ATS -P or ATS-Ps and countermeasures to prevent excessive speed at tenporary speed restrictions. ATS:automatic train stop For dispatchers, improving train radio systems and installing asystem with automatic communication to drivers and conductors on trains. Installing movable platform barriers, increasing the number of emergency train stop devices, measures for safety of escalators and elevators, countermeasures that prevent passengers from falling between car and platform. Reliable countermeasures against rock falls and landslips. Major countermeasures 19

20 10s 15s 20s 25s Early detection and early stopping Countermeasures against Tokyo metropolitan area large earthquake Countermeasures against Tokyo metropolitan area large earthquake The times in the circle are the times needed for arrival to the city center (An earthquake in the north of Tokyo Bay used as calculation example) Chuo Line (Ochanomizu to Suidobashi) Chuo Line (Ochanomizu to Suidobashi) Embankment (retaining walls, etc.) Reinforcement example (ground anchor) Reinforcement of particularly weak sections Expanding anti-seismic reinforcements 15s 25s Earthquake occurs Prompt detection Emergency stop when earthquake occurs Automatic braking 20

21 Stance towards countermeasures until now Countermeasures focused on recurrence prevention Countermeasures in response to gridlocks inside crossings Countermeasures in areas immediately before crossings, etc. Accident example Collision of train and automobile at the level crossing Large crossing rod New stance towards countermeasures Assumed accident case Collision train from opposite direction with car of derailed train Countermeasures focused on advanced prevention Countermeasures preventing secondary damage Countermeasures in areas immediately before crossings, etc. Breakaway prevention guard (example) countermeasures against secondary damage due to level crossing derailment accident countermeasures against secondary damage due to level crossing derailment accident Crossing obstacle detection equipment River Assumed accident case There is a river or tunnel in the area 21

22 Safety measures for station platform (1) Changed safety equipment operating conditions Office station I/F (2) Gentle stop function Motor replacement (3) Enhanced braking power Brake replacement Footboard side plate Lead-in portion of handrail belt Escalator safety measures Platform edge doors Emergency train stop alarm system To elevator center 22

23 Breakaway prevention guard Countermeasures against rail rollover Continuing seismic reinforcement of elevates bridges Expanding the early earthquake detection and train stopping systems Preventing excessive speed by installing ATS Introducing automatically transmitted train protection radio signals Research on using Doppler radar Using weather information Expanding the installation of anemometers, and increasing the sections to speed restrictions when winds are high Expansion of windbreak fences The Fukuchiyama Line derailment The Joetsu Shinkansen derailment The Uetsu Line accident Countermeasures for serious accidents Signal passed at danger prevented by installing ATS-Ps 23

24 24 Occurred: Friday, March 11, 2011 at around 14:46 Epicenter: Sanriku Oki (approximately 130 km east- southeast of Oshika Peninsula (N38.0, E142.9)) Earthquake magnitude: M 9.0 (maximum magnitude of 7 = Kurihara City, Miyagi Prefecture) Number of aftershocks Magnitude of approximately upper/lower 6: 1 time Magnitude of approximately upper/lower 5: 14 times (as of 15:00, 3/31) Observed Si value: 85.4 kine at Shin-Sanbongi (Shinkansen) 98.5 kine at Yabuki (conventional line) 44.0 kine at Shin-Urayasu (conventional line) [Reference] Shinkansen operations suspended at 18 kine or above Map of estimated distribution of seismic intensity Source: Japan Meteorological Agency (March 11, :00) Tokyo Niigata Morioka Sendai Fukushima Omiya Takasaki Nagano Epicente r Overview of the Great East Japan Earthquake Overview of the Great East Japan Earthquake

25 25 Sendai Station on the Tohoku Shinkansen Line: Derailment Shinchi Station on the Joban Line: Overturning Tsugaruishi Station on the Yamada Line: Derailment Between Matsuiwa and Saichi on the Kesennuma Line: Overturning Onagawa Station on the Ishinomaki Line: Overturning Nagacho Station on the Tohoku Line: Derailment Hamayoshida Station on the Joban Line: Flooding and overturning Sendai Shinko: Derailment and flooding Between Tomei and Nobiru on the Senseki Line: Derailment Ishinomaki Station on the Senseki Line: Flooding Damage caused by the Great East Japan Earthquake (trains and train cars) Damage caused by the Great East Japan Earthquake (trains and train cars)

26 26 Damage caused by the Great East Japan Earthquake (ground equipment) Between Sakunami and Yatsumori on the Senzan Line: Embankment runoff Slippage Between Fukushima and Higashifukushima on the Tohoku Line: Bridge girder angle portion damage Between Nagacho and Miyagino on the Tohoku Freight Line: Retaining wall landslide and embankment runoff Between Shin-Hanamaki and Morioka on the Tohoku Shinkansen Line: Elevated bridge pillar damage (reinforcements exposed) Hitachitaga Station on the Joban Line: Platform retaining wall collapsed Between Sendai and Shinkansen General Railyard Center on the Tohoku Shinkansen Line: Electric pole breakage Between Niwasaka and Akaiwa on the Ou Line: Retaining wall tilting and track bed runoff Between Nobukata and Kashimajingu on the Kashima Line: Bridge girder slippage Between Yabuki and Izumisawa on the Tohoku Line: Embankment sinking

27 27 (1) Structural reinforcements Seismic reinforcement of elevated bridges (2) Emergency train stops Improvements in the Shinkansen early earthquake detection system Installation of train stop detection equipment in train cars (3) Measures that keep trains close to the track when there is a deralment L-shaped car guide Countermeasures against rail rollover Existing countermeasures against earthquake

28 Preparations for an earthquake directly under the Tokyo Metropolitan Area Countermeasures for earthquake directly beneath the Tokyo metropolitan area (Viaduct columns, embankments and bridges, etc.) Expansion of countermeasures based on experience of Great East Japan Earthquake 28 Further strengthening through anti-seismic reinforcement measures Expanding the installation of seismometers Strengthening communication functions, enhancing capacity of batteries at communications offices, etc. Speedy search and rescue after the occurrence of an earthquake and measures to ensure the maintenance of the functions of the Countermeasures Headquarters. Decreasing damage after the occurrence of an earthquake re-examination of the way how our manuals and training should be, establishment of a disaster message board and emergency evacuation routes, etc. Tsunami countermeasures Expanding countermeasures against earthquake

29 Thank you for your attention


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