Presentation on theme: "Chapter 7 - Quiz Howard Gardner developed the theory of Multiple Intelligences and defines 8 different Intelligence Types. Name and define the type."— Presentation transcript:
1Chapter 7 - QuizHoward Gardner developed the theory of Multiple Intelligences and defines 8 different Intelligence Types. Name and define the type you think best describes you and why.The text defines 3 different types of learning styles. Name the Learning Style you think best describes how you learn and why.BONUS! Victor is not very structured, doesn’t like timelines, delays decisions, and plays before his work is done. Victor is a:ThinkerJudgerPerceiverIntrovertFeeler
7What is Learning? A cognitive mental action Can be conscious and/or unconsciousExamples?Can be formal (book smarts) or informal (street smarts)Can be done in many ways
8Historical Learning Theories Case study (Confucius – 5th Centry BC):Storytelling and discussionActive learning (Lao-Tse – 4th Century BC):Experience-based learningSocratic method (Socrates – 300 BC):Learning by asking questions to stimulate critical thinkingDialectic method (Plato):Learning by dialog – “The Searcher” and “The Expert”Sensory learning (John Locke ):Born a “blank slate” – we learn what our senses bring us
9Historical Learning Theories Learning styles (Rousseau ):People learn best by experiencing rather than being told how to do things.Learning should follow our basic instinctsBehaviorism (Watson – early 1900s):Learning through conditioned response (Pavlov’s dog)We act and learn in certain ways because we’ve been conditioned to do so.Holistic learning (Piaget – mid 1900s):Learning through experiencing a wide variety of stimuli – Reading, listening, experimenting, etc.Mastery learning (Bloom ):transforming simple information to new, complex ideas
10The Learning Process in 6 Steps Motivation to learn the Material – you must WANT to learn the material first.Understand the material – you should be able to describe/discuss it – put it in your own words.Internalize the material by asking – how does it affect me? Why is it important?Apply the material by asking – How can I improve myself with this information? How do I practice what I’m learning?Evaluate the material – determine it’s value? Is the research/source reliable?Use the material – to grow and change.
11Theory of Multiple Intelligences Professor Howard Gardner (1983)Eight intelligences everyone possessesNot equal to traditional I.Q. measurementDominant intelligences are more well- developedOther intelligences less-developed – but can be improved with practice and hard work.
13Learning Styles Theory How do you best process information?Three styles:Visual – “eye smart”Auditory – “ear smart”Tactile/kinestetic – “action smart”Taking the lead
14Leveraging Learning Styles Visual LearnersStart with the big picture, then examine the smaller detailsReview a piece of information, close your eyes and try to visualize itDraw pictures to help you visualize informationColor-code with highlightersAuditory LearnersWhere acceptable, record class and listen to the lecture again later.Remember details by trying to “hear” previous discussions in your mind.Participate in class discussion.Tactile LearnersMaster material/skill via imitation and practiceStudy in 20 minute intervals, then take a 5 min breakSit up front and take notes to stay focused
15Keeping it all Straight Learning style = how you best process informationLearning strategy = how you choose to studyDominant intelligence = well-developed aspect of intelligencePersonality type = your preferences and patterns
16Personality TypingCarl Jung (1921) and Isabell Briggs-Myers and Kathernine Briggs (1942)Myers-Briggs Type IndicatorHuman behavior is not random and patterns are caused by individual motivation and energiesFour major categories of personalityWhere you draw your energyHow you learn and deal with informationHow you make decisionsLifestyle
17How Do You Draw Your Energy? Extroverts (E)– draw strength others and prefer to live in the outside world. Outgoing and love interaction and being the center of attentionIntroverts (I) – draw strength from their inner world. Need alone time to energize. Often quiet and reflective. Make decisions by themselves and are private
18How Do You Best Learn Information? Sensers (S) – gather information through five senses. Like concrete facts and details. Have common sense. Focused on “what is”Intuitives (N) – not as detail-oriented. Rely on gut feelings. Innovative and see possibilities. Focused on “what could be”.
19How Do You Make Decisions? Thinkers (T) – logical people. Analytical and do not make decisions based on emotion. Can sometimes be seen as insensitive and lacking compassion. Make decisions with head v. heartFeelers (F) – like harmony and consider others’ opinions and feelings. Usually tactful and warm. Make decisions with heart v. head
20How Do You Prefer to Live Your Life? Judgers (J) – orderly people who prefer structure in their lives. Good at setting goals and sticking to them. Work before play.Perceivers (P) – less structured and more spontaneous. Overextend themselves and do not like timelines. Play before work.
21Sixteen Personality Types ESTP – “the thinker”ESFP – “the performer”ENFP – “The inspirer”ENTP – “the visionary”ESTJ – “the guardian”ESFJ – “the caregiver”ENFJ – “the giver”ENTJ – “the executive”ISTJ – “the dutiful”ISFJ – “the nurturer”INFJ – “the protector”INTJ – “the scientist”ISTP – “the mechanic”ISFP – “the artist”INFP – “the idealist”INTP – “the thinker”
22Chapter ReflectionsGet involved in a variety of learning and social situationsUse your less dominant areas in order to strengthen themRead more about personality typing and learning stylesSurround yourself with others who learn differently than youTry new ways of learning and studyingBy understanding how you process information, you can dramatically your ability to learn.