Presentation on theme: "1. Howard Gardner developed the theory of Multiple Intelligences and defines 8 different Intelligence Types. Name and define the type you think best describes."— Presentation transcript:
1. Howard Gardner developed the theory of Multiple Intelligences and defines 8 different Intelligence Types. Name and define the type you think best describes you and why. 2. The text defines 3 different types of learning styles. Name the Learning Style you think best describes how you learn and why. 3. BONUS! Victor is not very structured, doesn’t like timelines, delays decisions, and plays before his work is done. Victor is a: a)Thinker b)Judger c)Perceiver d)Introvert e)Feeler
Cornerstone: First Year Experience Chapter Seven: Learn
Don’t know, and don’t know they don’t know Don’t know, and know they don’t know Know, and know they know Know, but don’t know they know
Dominant Intelligence + Preferred Learning Style +Personality Type = Active Learner
What is Learning? A cognitive mental action Can be conscious and/or unconscious ◦ Examples? Can be formal (book smarts) or informal (street smarts) ◦ Examples? Can be done in many ways ◦ Examples?
Historical Learning Theories Case study (Confucius – 5 th Centry BC): ◦ Storytelling and discussion Active learning (Lao-Tse – 4 th Century BC): ◦ Experience-based learning Socratic method (Socrates – 300 BC): ◦ Learning by asking questions to stimulate critical thinking Dialectic method (Plato): ◦ Learning by dialog – “The Searcher” and “The Expert” Sensory learning (John Locke ): ◦ Born a “blank slate” – we learn what our senses bring us
Historical Learning Theories Learning styles (Rousseau ): ◦ People learn best by experiencing rather than being told how to do things. ◦ Learning should follow our basic instincts Behaviorism (Watson – early 1900s): ◦ Learning through conditioned response (Pavlov’s dog) ◦ We act and learn in certain ways because we’ve been conditioned to do so. Holistic learning (Piaget – mid 1900s): ◦ Learning through experiencing a wide variety of stimuli – Reading, listening, experimenting, etc. Mastery learning (Bloom ): ◦ transforming simple information to new, complex ideas
1. Motivation to learn the Material – you must WANT to learn the material first. 2. Understand the material – you should be able to describe/discuss it – put it in your own words. 3. Internalize the material by asking – how does it affect me? Why is it important? 4. Apply the material by asking – How can I improve myself with this information? How do I practice what I’m learning? 5. Evaluate the material – determine it’s value? Is the research/source reliable? 6. Use the material – to grow and change.
Theory of Multiple Intelligences Professor Howard Gardner (1983) Eight intelligences everyone possesses Not equal to traditional I.Q. measurement Dominant intelligences are more well- developed Other intelligences less-developed – but can be improved with practice and hard work.
Learning Styles Theory How do you best process information? Three styles: Visual – “eye smart” Auditory – “ear smart” Tactile/kinestetic – “action smart” Taking the lead
Visual Learners ◦ Start with the big picture, then examine the smaller details ◦ Review a piece of information, close your eyes and try to visualize it ◦ Draw pictures to help you visualize information ◦ Color-code with highlighters Auditory Learners ◦ Where acceptable, record class and listen to the lecture again later. ◦ Remember details by trying to “hear” previous discussions in your mind. ◦ Participate in class discussion. Tactile Learners ◦ Master material/skill via imitation and practice ◦ Study in 20 minute intervals, then take a 5 min break ◦ Sit up front and take notes to stay focused
Keeping it all Straight Learning style = how you best process information Learning strategy = how you choose to study Dominant intelligence = well-developed aspect of intelligence Personality type = your preferences and patterns
Personality Typing Carl Jung (1921) and Isabell Briggs-Myers and Kathernine Briggs (1942) Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Human behavior is not random and patterns are caused by individual motivation and energies Four major categories of personality 1.Where you draw your energy 2.How you learn and deal with information 3.How you make decisions 4.Lifestyle
How Do You Draw Your Energy? Extroverts (E)– draw strength others and prefer to live in the outside world. Outgoing and love interaction and being the center of attention Introverts (I) – draw strength from their inner world. Need alone time to energize. Often quiet and reflective. Make decisions by themselves and are private
How Do You Best Learn Information? Sensers (S) – gather information through five senses. Like concrete facts and details. Have common sense. Focused on “what is” Intuitives (N) – not as detail-oriented. Rely on gut feelings. Innovative and see possibilities. Focused on “what could be”.
How Do You Make Decisions? Thinkers (T) – logical people. Analytical and do not make decisions based on emotion. Can sometimes be seen as insensitive and lacking compassion. Make decisions with head v. heart Feelers (F) – like harmony and consider others’ opinions and feelings. Usually tactful and warm. Make decisions with heart v. head
How Do You Prefer to Live Your Life? Judgers (J) – orderly people who prefer structure in their lives. Good at setting goals and sticking to them. Work before play. Perceivers (P) – less structured and more spontaneous. Overextend themselves and do not like timelines. Play before work.
Sixteen Personality Types ISTJ – “the dutiful” ISFJ – “the nurturer” INFJ – “the protector” INTJ – “the scientist” ISTP – “the mechanic” ISFP – “the artist” INFP – “the idealist” INTP – “the thinker” ESTP – “the thinker” ESFP – “the performer” ENFP – “The inspirer” ENTP – “the visionary” ESTJ – “the guardian” ESFJ – “the caregiver” ENFJ – “the giver” ENTJ – “the executive”
Chapter Reflections Get involved in a variety of learning and social situations Use your less dominant areas in order to strengthen them Read more about personality typing and learning styles Surround yourself with others who learn differently than you Try new ways of learning and studying By understanding how you process information, you can dramatically your ability to learn.