Presentation on theme: "New Imperialism in Angola"— Presentation transcript:
1 New Imperialism in Angola HistoryP.6Bryce TokmakianAngel OrdazSarah Thomas
2 Motives for Imperialism The main motive for imperializing Angola was the slave trade.The slave trade was one of the biggest trades of the time and gave a good sum of money to those who were involved in it.Another main motive for going to Angola was that there were a lot of raw materials in Angola.These materials consisted of gold, copper, spices, tea etc.
3 Motives for Imperialism At the time of New Imperialism, the goal of most of the large countries was to gain landPortugal was no exception to this, they wanted Angola so that they could have more land, and have strategic ports for their naval power and for trading
4 How the Portuguese Gained Control Portugal was one of first countries to colonize worldStarted exploring Angola in the 15th centuryThey attempted many times to control Angola but their army failed every attempt until 1902, when the Bié Plateau was captured.White settlers quickly arrived in highlandsTheir control over Angola lasted until 1974They had people in Angola for almost five hundred years but controlled it only 72 years.
5 Effects on Native Population Many of the Native peoples of Angola were sold as slaves, to Brazilian merchants looking for free laborThis then created civil war in Angola because rival tribes would capture their enemies and give them to the Portuguese to be sold as slaves
6 More Effects on Native Population Only the strongest men, women, and children were wanted as slaves, leaving the population greatly weakenedMost of the power and financial benefits were given to the home country, not the colonized one.This led to discrimination, and relatively little improvement to the economic ,and social aspects of the Angolan population.
7 Why Angola was LostThe main reason that the Portuguese lost Angola was because of the Colonial War.This war was fought between the Angolans,the Portuguese, and several other colonies all fighting for control.The war was Portugal’s last effort to keep their presence in Angola.
8 Why Angola was LostIn the early 1960’s, Angolan independents started their campaign against Portugal.After a meeting with three of the Independents guerillas, the MPLA, the FNLA, and the UNITA, the Portuguese were forced to sign peace treatise and leave the colony
9 Current Status of Angola Half of the population is unemployedMost of their money comes from exporting oil to other countriesThey are an independent country with Republic government.