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IPM of tomato and paprika in glass houses and plastic tunnels.

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Presentation on theme: "IPM of tomato and paprika in glass houses and plastic tunnels."— Presentation transcript:

1 IPM of tomato and paprika in glass houses and plastic tunnels

2 DIFFERENT PRODUCTION CONDITIONS Production time Temperatures Humidity Aeration Substrate

3 PREPLANTING ACTIVITIES Select variety considering, microclimate, cropping and pest history and surrounding crops Take a preplant soil sample for nutrient and salinity analysis and for pest presence Soil preparation: plowing, field leveling, soil sterilization, preparation for irrigation Monitor seedling production

4 PLANTING ACTIVITIES Before planting inspect young plants for presence of pests (diseases, insects, weeds) Apply fertilizers and root shields at planting Check surrounding area for pest presence

5 GRAY MOLD CULTURAL MESURES –Remove infected plants –Better aeration –Controlled temperatures

6 GRAY MOLD NATURAL ENEMIES –Trichoderma harsianum –T. viride PESTICIDES –Pirimethanil –Prosimidon –Fludioksinil

7 BACTERIAL CANKER

8 CULTURAL MESURES –Use of healthy seeds –Remove infected plants –Better aeration –Controlled temperatures –Clean equipment to reduce transfer –Destruction of crop residues PESTICIDES –Copper fungicides

9 WHITEFLIES CULTURAL MESURES –Clean planting material –Yellow sticky trap

10 WHITEFLIES NATURAL ENEMIES –Encarsia formosa –Eretmocerus eremicus –E. mundus –Macrolophus caliginosus –Delphastus catalinae –Amblyseius swirskii –Verticillium lecanii PESTICIDES –Alpha-cipermetrin –Beta-ciflutrin –Bifentrin –Buprofezin –Oksamil –Triazamat –Pymetrozin –Imidacloprid –Spinosad

11 APHIDS CULTURAL MESURES –Clean planting material –Yellow sticky trap

12 APHIDS NATURAL ENEMIES –Aphidoletes aphidimyza –Adalia bipunctata –Chrisoperla carnea –Episyrphus balteatus –Aphidius colemani –A. ervi –Aphelinus abdominalis –Verticilium lecanii PESTICIDES –Alfa-cipermetrin –Acetamiprid –Dimethoate –Metomil –Oksamil –Thiacloprid –Pymetrozin –Chlorpirifos –Imidacloprid

13 BEET ARMYWORM CULTURAL MESURES –Pheromone traps –Light traps –Scouting for eggs

14 BEET ARMYWORM NATURAL ENEMIES –Trichogramma brassicae –Eulophus sp. –Cotesia plutellae –Macrolophu caliginosus –Nesidiocoris tenuis –Bacillus thurigiensis PESTICIDES –Alfa-cipermetrin –Lambda-cihalotrin –Novaluron –Diflubenzuron –Methomil –Lufenuron

15 TOMATO FRUITWORM CULTURAL MESURES –Pheromone traps –Light traps –Scouting for eggs

16 TOMATO FRUITWORM NATURAL ENEMIES –Trichogramma brassicae –Eulophus sp. –Cotesia plutellae –Macrolophu caliginosus –Nesidiocoris tenuis –Bacillus thurigiensis PESTICIDES –Alfa-cipermetrin –Lambda-cihalotrin –Novaluron –Diflubenzuron –Methomil –Lufenuron

17 LEAF MINERS CULTURAL MESURES –Clean planting material –Yellow sticky trap

18 LEAF MINERS NATURAL ENEMIES –Dacnusa sibirica –Diglyphus isaea –Opius pallipes –Macrolophus caliginosus PESTICIDES –Alpha-cipermetrin –Beta-ciflutrin –Bifentrin –Ciromazin –Oksamil –Triazamat –Pymetrozin –Imidacloprid –Spinosad

19 WESTERN FLOWER THRIPS CULTURAL MESURES –Clean planting material –Yellow sticky trap

20 WESTERN FLOWER THRIPS NATURAL ENEMIES –Orius laevigatus –O. majusculus –Macrolophus caliginosus –Amblyseius cucumeris –A. degeneratus –Verticilium lecanii PESTICIDES –Alpha-cipermetrin –Beta-ciflutrin –Bifentrin –Triazamat –Abamectin –Imidacloprid –Spinosad


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