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The Basic In Grammar Created By Astriana NH. Next.

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Presentation on theme: "The Basic In Grammar Created By Astriana NH. Next."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Basic In Grammar Created By Astriana NH. Next

2 Subject Sentence Verbal &Nominal Sentence Verb Finite Verb Infinitive Verb Conjunction Preposition No and Not Auxiliary Verb

3 Sentence Sentence is an arrangement of words which has enough or perfect meaning at least consist of subject and predicate. Kinds of Sentence According to predicate a. Verbal Sentence b. Nominal Sentence Back

4 Verbal &Nominal Sentence Verbal sentence => Kalimat yang menunjukan dimana terdapat kata kerja/yang dilakukan. Example : - He studies in school She - I write a letterHe V+s/es - I walk in the streetIt Nominal Sentence =>Dalam kalimat ini tidak ada sesuatu yang dilakukan. Example : - She is beautiful - He is hand some Back

5 Verb => is a word that explains something about subject in the sentence. The function of verb 1. Finite verb 2. Infinitive verb Verb Back

6 Finite Verb Finite verb => is limited verb for subject in the sentence. Or the first verb of the sentence without to. Example : - She eats a banana today (simple present s+V1+O) fV1 - She ate a banana yesterday today (simple past s+V2+O) fV2 - She has eaten a banana since morning today aux fV3 (Present perfect s+have/has+V3+O) Back

7 Infinitive Verb Infinitive verb => is unlimited verb for subject in the sentence. Use TO and it can be used as subject, object, adjective, adverb. N1 N1 I I Example : - She wants to study to read to write English fv infv infv infv Back

8 Conjunction Conjunction => is a word to connect between word and word. Word an sentence. Sentenceand word, sentence and sentence which to be one sentence has the same part of speech. The words : are, but, if, before, after, and, than, or, because. Example : - That is table and chair n conj n Sentence and Sentence Example : - I can buy a book if there a many s p n conj Back

9 Preposition Preposition => is a word to be put before or in front noun and pronoun. The words are : - Before - For - By- On- While - After - Because of - Without- In Etc. Preposition : noun or pronoun become adverb Example : - Before I go to school I pray - A make a cake for you Prep n Adv - I come here after sleeping - I kill the dog by the knife prep n prep n Adv Adv -Tina cries because of Amir Adv Back

10 No and Not No (Adjective) => is a word that qualifies or adds meaning to noun of pronoun. Example : - I have no house Not - She has no money noun - I like no you Not - She invites no me at her birthdayPronoun Not (Adverb) => is a word that declares or adds meaning to out of noun or pronoun. (Adj, V, Adv) Example : - He is not lazy Not + Adj - I dont know about him Not + V - They arent here Not + Adv Back

11 Auxiliary Verb Kinds of auxiliary verb 1.Auxiliary Verb to be : am, is, are, was, were, been. Predicate is out verb (noun, pronoun, adjective, adverb)/pv I->am,you,we, They ->are, He, she, it -> is Example : - He is a teacher -> Noun- She is beautiful -> Adjective - This bag is his -> Pronoun- I am here -> Adverb 2.Auxiliary Verb to do : do, does, did. Predicate is verb/ pv in negative and interrogative sentence. I, you, we, they -> do, He, she, it -> does Example : (+) She writes a letter, (-) She doesnt write a letter, (?) Does she write a letter. 3.Auxiliary Verb to have : have, has, had. 4.Auxiliary Verb modals : can, may, must, shall, will. Back Next

12 The End

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