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What is Culture? DEFINITION Culture is the abstract, learned, shared rules and standards for generating behavior and understanding experience. KEY COMPONENTS.

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Presentation on theme: "What is Culture? DEFINITION Culture is the abstract, learned, shared rules and standards for generating behavior and understanding experience. KEY COMPONENTS."— Presentation transcript:

1 What is Culture? DEFINITION Culture is the abstract, learned, shared rules and standards for generating behavior and understanding experience. KEY COMPONENTS  Abstraction means that culture is ideas in people’s heads, not physical objects.  Culture is learned, not genetically programmed.  Culture is shared and social, not personal and individual.  Culture is rules and patterns, whether conscious or unconsciously followed.  People decide how to behave using their culture’s rules and patterns.  People understand the world through their culture’s patterns of belief.

2 What is Society? DEFINITION A society is a group of people living according to a shared culture. KEY COMPONENTS  A society is a concrete phenomenon  A society is a group of people living their lives  The thing that makes a group of people a society is that they share a common culture

3 What is Ethnocentrism? DEFINITION Ethnocentrism is judging another culture using your own culture’s rules and standards. KEY COMPONENTS  Judgement or evaluation of the behaviors and ideas of others  Imposing your own standards when they may not apply  Thinking your way is the best or only correct way

4 What is Cultural Relativism? DEFINITION Cultural relativism is judging another culture using its own rules and standards. KEY COMPONENTS  Looking at ideas and behaviors from the perspective of the culture you are viewing.  Trying on other points of view  This does not mean that you abandon your own morals and ethics, only that you suspend them to try to better understand other points of view.

5 What is Gender? DEFINITION The social and cultural rules and behavior patterns associated with maleness and femaleness. KEY COMPONENTS  Traditional definitions of gender do NOT include biological factors.  Gender identity is one’s own sense of being a male or a female person  Gender assignment is the designation of an individual as male or female by parents and/or other members of the society.  In Western society gender tends to be polarized into two mutually exclusive categories.  In some other societies, there may be more than two gender categories.

6 What is Sex? DEFINITION The biological aspects of maleness and femaleness. KEY COMPONENTS  Genetics is sexual.  Anatomy is sexual.  Physiology is sexual.


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