Presentation on theme: "PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND SCHOOL SPORT"— Presentation transcript:
1PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND SCHOOL SPORT RISK AVERSION,PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND SCHOOL SPORTGlenn BeaumontPeter Whitlam
2(ALARM: The National Forum for Risk Management Risk AversionAvoiding the risk rather than managing it – not using risk methodology effectively.(ALARM: The National Forum for Risk Managementin the Public Sector, 2006)
3Risk Aversion‘Keep a child in cotton wool and stunt it or kill it. If you will let it develop into a robust man, you will expose his body to all weathers teaching him how to defy them………….’?
4Compensation culture?Compensation Bill – “to protect people who undertake desirable or useful activities from being sued”. US !!! (2006)Criticised by House of Commons Constitutional Affairs Committee –“Inappropriate regulation, public perception and misleading media coverage can lead to an exaggerated fear of being sued”.“There is a real problem with excessive risk aversion in Britain…..the root cause….misunderstanding risk assessment … needs to be addressed..”(Rt Hon Alan Beith MP, Chair of Constitutional Affairs Committee, 2006)
5Compensation culture – severely exaggerated Fewer cases reaching the courts80% of claims made in the public sector are droppedInsurers more aggressive in combating claims and fighting fraudulent claims“No win no fee” – 60% chance of winning or claim is dropped“Probable”….. “likely” ….. more than simply “possible”Swing in case law outcomes“Effective risk management rather than risk aversion is the most effective strategy to counter the likelihood of injury”.(ALARM, 2006)
6Health and safety – legislation may simply go too far….. “There are many organists whoseperformances should be bannedon public-health grounds and Iknow of several nasty accidentsinvolving organ stools, overweightorganists and alcohol but …thereis no single recorded instance inmusical history of a personbeing poisoned by a pipe organ”.Richard Morrison, The Times, 18 March 2006, onEU Directive 2002/95/EC/RoHS and EU2002/96/EC WEEE limiting the lead content of electricalequipment to 0.1% of their weight as lead (organ pipes arecurrently 50% lead).
12Verdict?Health and Safety Legislation and Provision in the UK amongst the best in the world
13Health and safety – sometimes it can make us too cautious… Health and safety – sometimes it can make us too cautious…..? ‘Volenti non fit injuria?
14Health and safety – we can get bogged down worrying about what might happen
15Health and safety – but sometimes it is worth it SAVED BY MAGIC EYES. Amazing pictures show how a pool’s underwater cameras alerted staff to a girl of 10 unconscious in the deep end. (Daily Mail )
16Risk aversion - objectives Promote a positive message about the extent of safe practice in PESS.Place safe practice in PESS in the context of a supposed “compensation culture”.Advocate a risk management model that satisfies legal, ethical and professional requirements.Update you on safe practice issues arising from case law, claims and enquiries made to the Association.
17Risk Aversion A realistic approach PE is a risk activityAvoid a sterile curriculumMatch task to capabilityAccidents happen!!!
18Risk Management: Why it is important? empower pupils to manage their own safety (risk education/ECM)entitlement to be taught in a safe and healthy environmentlegal duty to be proactive not reactiveavoid allegations of negligence:“careless conduct which injures another and whichthe law deems liable for compensation”(Frederick Place Chambers 1995)
19AfPE Risk AversionNEGLIGENCEDuty of CareBreachDamage
20Risk continuumTotally Range of Increasingly high Danger safe acceptable risk levels of risk
21TaskUsing the following list of activities approximate the accident rate/frequency for each activity per 100,000 hours of exposure.
22Non-fatal accident rates per 10,000 hrs exposure RugbySoccerHockeyNetballSkiingMotor sportsAthleticsBadmintonClimbing/mountaineeringPublic playgrounds
23Accident Rates Rugby 300 Soccer 125 Hockey 80 Netball 75 Skiing 40 Motor sports 20Athletics 20Badminton 15Climbing/mountaineering <5Public playgrounds <5Source: Ball,D(2000) ‘ABC of Sports Medicine’ 2nd ed. Blackwell
24Risk Management: A context HSE 1995: Schools: young people – 3 deaths/5000 major injuries:3+ days off work/school or visit to hospital1Minor first aid only11441Non-injury accidents/near misses1.5 billion pupil days/year – 2.25 million reported injuries/year.PESS – c. 1/2-2/3 of total school injuries= 0.001% v total pupil days.Games 42% Gymnastics 27% Swimming 1%Termly or annual analysis of number and pattern in accident report forms?Is H&S a regular/standing item on staff/department meeting agenda?
25Whose responsibility? Task: In pairs – decide where responsibility was placed in each of the cases described on the first handout and what further evidence you might need in making a sound judgement about culpability.
26School staff: legal responsibilities MAKE ALL ADULTS WORKING WITH PUPILS AWARE OF THEIR LEGAL RESPONSIBILITIES:Reasonable forethought = common senseKnow and apply employer’s policy for H&S(local requirements take precedence over national guidance)Pass on guilty knowledgeDo what is within their power to prevent further injuryDO RISK ASSESSMENTS AS A TEAM
27Identify 12 features of safe teaching afPE Risk ManagementTASKShare your experiences of incidents and ‘near misses’ involving supervision of physical activity, or on a visit.What did you learn?From this:Identify 12 features of safe teaching
28Reducing risk in PESS: Teaching A safe “teacher” of physical education considers:a lesson format to include warm up, technical development and cool down.checking personal effects, work space and equipment before use.teaching position, regular scanning and group management issues to maximise observation and control of class.using regular and approved practice – e.g. QCA, LA, NGB schemes.progression according to ability.matching comparable size, experience, ability, confidence.not taking a full participation role in a game.strict officiating in games.involving pupils in their own safety – checking understanding.thinking logically through a lesson – what could cause harm? – have I covered the likelihood?Familiarity withSpecial needs provision?First aid procedures understood
29Safe Practice in Physical Education Model PupilsStaffPEOPLEAppropriate ChallengePHYSICALEDUCATIONAcceptable RiskCONTEXTFacilitiesEquipmentProceduresORGANISATIONPreparationProgressionClass management
30AfPE Risk Management Assessment Task Choose an area of work from the National Curriculum and risk assess it on the format provided.
31Hot Topics PESS Pupils: CONTEXT: ORGANISATION: PEOPLE:Pupils:behaviourStaff:qualificationsPE staff with medical conditionsCONTEXT: ORGANISATION:Facilities: Teaching:temperature trampoliningspace matching size, experience, confidenceplaying surfaces checking understandingjewellery inc. body piercing clear instructionsfootwear NGB directivesEquipment: Group management:use of mats supervision – junior leadersswimming goggles knowledge of pupilspersonal protection - esp. mouth guards applying proceduresPE attire (primary) staff-student matchesProcedures: sports tours – hosted by familieschanging arrangements/procedures (primary/sec.)first aid requirementstransportation of pupilswritten risk assessmentsPESS
32Hot Topics Jewellery inc. body piercing Staff Qualifications Footwear –indoor and outdoorTrampoliningSwimming gogglesChanging arrangements/procedures (primary/sec.)PE attire (primary)Staff/pupil matchesUse of matsPE staff with medical conditionsFirst aid requirementsTransportation of pupilsContact sportsUse of personal protection equipment (PPE)