Morals Are you aware of your morals? Are your morals rigid? Are they based on religion? Are they based on ideals? Are your morals self imposed? Are your morals imposed by others?
Beliefs What are your beliefs? Are your beliefs hereditary? Are your beliefs rigid? Do you believe self-will can overcome disorders such as alcoholism?
Ethnicity What is your ethnicity? Does your ethnicity give you a disadvantage? If so, how? Does your ethnicity give you an advantage? If so, how? Do you feel forced to live in two worlds?
Life Experiences Name some of your experiences? Do some of these experiences affect current behaviors/opinions ect.? Do some of these experiences make you a better counselor? Do some of these experiences make it harder to counsel?
Gender What is your gender? Are you satisfied with your gender? Do you feel your gender gives you an advantage or a disadvantage?
Significant Life Events Think of some life events that are significant. Would any of them be considered traumatic? Have you dealt with these events? If so how have you dealt with them?
Dysfunctional Family Did you grow up in a dysfunctional family? Did you grow up in a functional family? If your family was dysfunctional, why? How does your family experience affect your work?
Co-Dependency Are counselors by the nature of our work co- dependent? Can a co-dependent counselor adversely affect the client? What are some examples of how co- dependency can hurt a client and the therapeutic relationship?
What is co-dependency? What does it look like? Enabling Martyrs Resentment Sympathy Denial for addict/self Overachiever Responsible
More co-dependency Lack sense of humor Pessimistic Fear Low self esteem No self confidence
Discussion Small discussion groups
Transference Vs Counter-transference The only really serious difficulty he has to meet lie in the management of the transferenceS. Freud
Love Client openly declares she has fallen in love with the counselor! What do you do?
First Option This is a nice couple. Initiate a more permanent union.
Second Option Discharge the client. Right away…
Third Option Continue Treatment?
Discussion What about that first option? – Against the law!! – Harmful to the client! – Did we mention it is against the law?
The second option is not against the law!! What is the client falls in love with the second therapist? What happens to the recovery and the hard work and time invested in the treatment at this point? Could discharging damage the client?
Therapeutic third outcome… What could come from continuing treatment? What is the counselor role? Should the counselor explore his own feelings? Should the counselor just stay professional and not discuss his feelings toward the client?
Ethical Choices What if you dont like your client? What if they do things you do not like?
Working With Children I want to go home with you…. I hate you.. Nobody wants me…. What ethics follow with working with children?
Working with couples.. Special considerations for couple counseling Who does the couple counseling? What if you want to take sides?
Family Counseling Special considerations for family counseling – What are they?
Group Counseling Confidentiality Putting a group together
Counter-Transference Therapy is never a truly reciprocal relationship. The therapist must be cognizant of his own emotional responses to his client. The therapist must analyze these feelings in order to discover as much as he can about why they are being elicited!
How Counter-Transference Can Help In analyzing the counter-transference the therapist can garner information about the way the patient may be affecting others in his/her life. The idea of even admitting the presence of counter-transference feelings, in modern counseling, let alone using it in therapy is relatively new!
Counter-Transference and Co-Dependency What are some counter-transference feelings of co-dependency that may arise from therapy? How can the co-dependency feelings toward the client be used to enhance therapy or hurt the therapy?
Why we choose the clients we choose? What type of client are you most comfortable with and why? – Is it always training that makes us most comfortable? – Does counter-transference play a part in this? – When is this preference unethical?
Homework: Break into small groups and discuss scenario given to group. Pick a spoke person to present to group.
Wrap Up… Ethics are important to maintain a healthy career. Avoid lawsuits. Prevent damage to clients. Preserve the field of work for consumers and providers. KNOW YOUR ETHICS BOARD!!