Cosmopolitans The cosmopolitan class (Peterson 2011) The young, educated, underemployed young brothers in cyberspace (Lynch 2007)
New Youth Movements 1. New and independent 2. Flexible, decentralized structured and fluid leadership. 3. The movements are trans- ideological. 4. Drew in large numbers of participants who had never before engaged in public political acts. 5. Depend to a great extent on social media for communication. From Shehata 2011.