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NATIONAL INITIATIVES ON SATELLITE BASED MARINE MONITORING

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Presentation on theme: "NATIONAL INITIATIVES ON SATELLITE BASED MARINE MONITORING"— Presentation transcript:

1 NATIONAL INITIATIVES ON SATELLITE BASED MARINE MONITORING
National Institute of Aeronautics and Space Bogor 15 November 2012

2 Needed a Satellite Based Marine Monitoring System
Background Geographical Position of Indonesia Ocean regions is roughly 70% of 7.9 millions sq km of area under national jurisdiction, More than 17,000 islands, Coastline exceed 81,000 km, Highly diverse in species within marine and coastal environment, Approximately 450 coral species, Estimated 42,000 sq km of coral reef area Source of Figure: Susanto et al, Ocean color variability in the Indonesian Seas during the SeaWiFS era, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 7, Q05021, doi: /2005GC001009 Needed a Satellite Based Marine Monitoring System

3 LAPAN MAIN PILARS Research & Development on Space Technology (Satellite, Rocket, and Aircraft); Research & Development on Space Applications (Remote Sensing, Atmospheric and Space Science Studies); Space Policy Development; The Operational uses of Space Technology (Data Acquisition, User Services).

4 Lapan Satellites Development Program

5 SATELLITE SPECIFICATION AND MISSIONS
LAPAN-A4 2003 2007 2012 2013 2016 LAPAN-A3 LAPAN-A2 LAPAN-TUBSAT Mission Video Surveillance Camera Surveillance, AIS, APRS Imager exp, AIS, APRS Remote sensing exp Payload System Sony Color VideoCam, Kappa Color VideoCam 4M pixel Digital Camera, AIS Analog VideoCam, APRS 4–band line Imager, 4M pixel Digital Camera, AIS, APRS Optical sensor Dimension 45 x 45 x 27 cm 50 x 47 x 38 cm 50 x 50 x 70 cm Max 60 x 60 x 80 cm Spectral Resolution RGB Band 1: nm Band 2: nm Band 3: nm Band 4: nm TBD Spatial Resolution 5 m ( 3,5 km x 3,5 km), 200m (80 km x 80 km) 6 m (12 km x 12 km), 6 m (3,5 km x 3,5 km) 18 m (120 km swath width), 6 m (12 km x 12 km ) Orbit/Inc 635 km, 97,6 deg (polar) 650 km, 8 deg (Neqo) 650 km, 97,6 deg (Polar) Polar Tx Data, TTC S-Band, UHF X-Band X-Band, S-Band

6 LOW INCLINATION LEO LAPAN-A2 / LAPAN-ORARI satellite ist planned to be launched in in the mid of of 2013 as auxiliary payload of Astrosat satellite launch mission of India to 650 km circular near equatorial orbit at 80 inclination. LAPAN-A3 /LAPAN-IPB will be launched in 2014 (posponed to 2014) at Pollar Orbit LAPAN-A2 / LAPAN-ORARI Satellite orbit LAPAN-TUBSAT And LAPAN-A3 Satellite Orbit Source : Deputy of Aerospace Technology, LAPAN

7 LAPAN SATELLITES GROUND STATION NETWORKS
Untuk mengoperasikan satelit-satelit Lapan yang akan berada di orbit telah disiapkan pembangunan jaringan stasiun bumi yang berlokasi di Biak, Pare-Pare, Pontianak, Bogor, Rumpin, dan Bukit Tinggi. Dengan jaringan stasiun bumi seperti itu maka seluruh wilayah Indonesia akan tercover. Source : Deputy of Aerospace Technology, LAPAN

8 IMAGES OF LAPAN-TUBSAT SATELLITE
Denmark Italia Amsterdam Bulan Dubai Bromo Suramadu IMAGES OF LAPAN-TUBSAT SATELLITE TOL KANCI- PEJAGAN Changi Merapi Soekarno-Hatta Semeru

9 LAPAN REMOTE SENSING GROUND STATION NETWORKS
Biak Papua Parepare Jakarta Untuk mengoperasikan satelit-satelit Lapan yang akan berada di orbit telah disiapkan pembangunan jaringan stasiun bumi yang berlokasi di Biak, Pare-Pare, Pontianak, Bogor, Rumpin, dan Bukit Tinggi. Dengan jaringan stasiun bumi seperti itu maka seluruh wilayah Indonesia akan tercover.

10 DRO, Design Procurement, Ground Test, Flight Test Flight Test, Aplications Aeronautics Technology Development Program 2014 2013 Aircraft modification based on S15 Long Endurance and Long Distance Hybrid Electric Power Management Control System and ATOL Structure Design and New Composite Simulator for LSA Aircraft Design and Manufacturing LSA Mission Modification for S15 Aircraft Application / Operation LSA Pre Design & Analysis LSA Medium Altitude Long Endurance UAV with SAR Payload UAV Flight Test LSU-03 : Payload 10 kg, range 150 km, flight endurance 2 hours. Flight Test LSU-04 : Payload 20 kg, range 250 km, flight endurance 4 hours. UAV application for other surveillance mission Data handling flight test for long distance Design, manufacturing and flight test of UAV with payload 25 kg Design of SAR data processing Autonomous System Flight Test UAV : Payload 5 kg, range 100 km, 2 hours UAV application for surveillance (Merapi, Paddy field) N219 NATIONAL PROGRAM WTT POWER OFF & POWER ON R & D HIGH LIFT DEVICE & WINGLET FIRST FLIGHT

11 Autonomous U A V

12 Remote Sensing Satellite Application
Forestry Agriculture and Plantation Regional Planning Environmental Monitoring and Management Disaster Management Coastal, Mari-Culture and Fishery (the application on marine is mostly related to research purposes) 7. etc.

13 Aquisition Plan for Satellite Imagery Data in LAPAN Ground Station (2012-2020)
SAOCOM-2B SAOCOM-2A SAOCOM-1B SPOT-8, SPOT 9 SPOT-7 SPOT-6 Landsat-9 Landsat-8 (LDCM) Himawari-8 Himawari-7 JPSS-1 MetOp-C NPP MetOp-B 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 Low Spatial Resolution Radar Terra Aqua NOAA-19 Himawari-6 SPOT-4 Landsat-7 SPOT-5 ALOS-2 SAOCOM-1A FY-3F FY-3E FY-3D FY-3C FY-3B Data acquisition by LAPAN ground station Data to be acquired by LAPAN ground station Moderate Spatial Res. High Spatial Resolution Satellite to be launched and data to be acquired by LAPAN ground station

14 Coastal and Marine Research at LAPAN
Coastal Ecosystem and Environment Sea Surface Temperature Chlorophyll Concentration Potential Fishing Zone Small and Border Islands Coral Reef Mapping Site Selection for Marine Culture Ponds Mapping Coastal Vulnerability to Sea Level Rise

15 Marine Research Institute in Indonesia
Ministry of Marine and Fisheries - (KKP) Center for R&D on Marine Geology – (Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, P3GL-ESDM) Center for Oceanology Research – (LIPI) Directorate Hydro Oceanography - (Indonesian NAVY) The Agency for Geospatial Information - (BIG) The Agency for Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics - (BMKG) The National Institutes of Aeronautics and Space – (LAPAN) The Agency for Technology Assessment and Application – (BPPT)

16 Future Marine Research Activities
Sea Level Rise and Anomaly Assesment Tidal Mapping Indonesian Archipelagic Sea Lane Passage (Alur Laut Kepulauan Indonesia) Updating National Bathimetry Coral Reef Monitoring Coastal Zone Monitoring Ocean Features Studies Strengthen In-Situ Ocean Data Collection Develop Indonesia-Ocean Database

17 Future Marine Research Activities
10. Effects of Seasonal Changes Monitoring on Global Climate Change 11. Large-scale ocean features monitoring, such as Rossby and Kelvin waves and studying phenomena such as El Nino, La Niña, and the Pacific Decadal Oscillation 12. Ocean circulation modeling 13. Air-Sea interaction modeling 14. Upper ocean’s heat stored mapping 15. Improved our knowledge on Earth's gravity field 16. Integrated multi sensor Altimetry data for data assimilation to enhance the Ocean modeling 17. etc

18 LAPAN Contribution for National Initiative on Satellite Based Marine Monitoring
Availability of Remote Sensing Satellite data Model and Methodology for Marine and Fishery Application Using Various Satellites Providing Satellite, Light Survellance Aircraft, Unmaned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) as well as sensors for Marine Monitoring Expertise and Researcher

19 Potential Use of Altimetry Satellite
Seabed, Deep Water and Sea Surface Topographic Map Bathimetry Sea Level Rise Anomaly-Mean Sea Level of the Global Oceans, a Key Indicator of Global Climate Change Ocean Heat Distribution Map - for Studying the Evolution of Weather Pattern and Climate Changes Fisheries Management : Satellite data has the ability to identify ocean eddies as an indicator of marine food web and fishing ground Current, eddies, and winds as well circulation patterns monitoring - are important in commercial shipping routes and offshore industry: cable laying vessel and offshore oil and gas exploration (drilling rigs in deep water)

20 CLOSING REMARKS Due to the geographical condition of Indonesia, in which roughly 70% of 7.9 millions sq km are ocean area, Indonesia need a satellite based marine monitoring system. There are so many marine research activities have to be done in Indonesia in the future. To conduct that purpose, marine satellite data are requested. To realize the national initiative on satellite based marine monitoring system in Indonesia, Lapan has the capacity to support Remote Sensing Satellite data, Model and Methodology for Marine and Fishery, Application using Various Satellites, Providing Satellite, Light Survellance Aircraft, Unmaned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) as well as sensors for Marine Monitoring, Expertise and Researcher.

21 (s-hardh@indo.net.id ; shardhienata@lapan.go.id)
T H A N K Y O U


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