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NATIONAL INITIATIVES ON SATELLITE BASED MARINE MONITORING National Institute of Aeronautics and Space Bogor 15 November 2012.

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Presentation on theme: "NATIONAL INITIATIVES ON SATELLITE BASED MARINE MONITORING National Institute of Aeronautics and Space Bogor 15 November 2012."— Presentation transcript:

1 NATIONAL INITIATIVES ON SATELLITE BASED MARINE MONITORING National Institute of Aeronautics and Space Bogor 15 November 2012

2 Geographical Position of Indonesia Background Source of Figure: Susanto et al, Ocean color variability in the Indonesian Seas during the SeaWiFS era, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 7, Q05021, doi: /2005GC Ocean regions is roughly 70% of 7.9 millions sq km of area under national jurisdiction, More than 17,000 islands, Coastline exceed 81,000 km, Highly diverse in species within marine and coastal environment, Approximately 450 coral species, Estimated 42,000 sq km of coral reef area Needed a Satellite Based Marine Monitoring System

3 Research & Development on Space Technology (Satellite, Rocket, and Aircraft); Research & Development on Space Applications (Remote Sensing, Atmospheric and Space Science Studies); Space Policy Development; The Operational uses of Space Technology (Data Acquisition, User Services). LAPAN MAIN PILARS

4 Lapan Satellites Development Program

5 LAPAN-A LAPAN-A3 LAPAN-A2 MissionVideo SurveillanceCamera Surveillance, AIS, APRSImager exp, AIS, APRSRemote sensing exp Payload System Sony Color VideoCam, Kappa Color VideoCam 4M pixel Digital Camera, AIS Analog VideoCam, APRS 4–band line Imager, 4M pixel Digital Camera, AIS, APRS Optical sensor Dimension45 x 45 x 27 cm50 x 47 x 38 cm50 x 50 x 70 cmMax 60 x 60 x 80 cm Spectral Resolution RGB Band 1: nm Band 2: nm Band 3: nm Band 4: nm TBD Spatial Resolution 5 m ( 3,5 km x 3,5 km), 200m (80 km x 80 km) 6 m (12 km x 12 km), 6 m (3,5 km x 3,5 km) 18 m (120 km swath width), 6 m (12 km x 12 km ) TBD Orbit/Inc635 km, 97,6 deg (polar)650 km, 8 deg (Neqo)650 km, 97,6 deg (Polar)Polar Tx Data, TTC S-Band, UHF S-Band, UHF X-Band UHF X-Band, S-Band LAPAN-TUBSAT SATELLITE SPECIFICATION AND MISSIONS

6 LOW INCLINATION LEO LAPAN-A2 / LAPAN-ORARI satellite ist planned to be launched in in the mid of of 2013 as auxiliary payload of Astrosat satellite launch mission of India to 650 km circular near equatorial orbit at 8 0 inclination. LAPAN-A3 /LAPAN-IPB will be launched in 2014 (posponed to 2014) at Pollar Orbit LAPAN-TUBSAT And LAPAN-A3 Satellite Orbit LAPAN-A2 / LAPAN-ORARI Satellite orbit Source : Deputy of Aerospace Technology, LAPAN


8 Denmark Bromo Suramadu ItaliaAmsterdam Merapi Changi Bulan Dubai Semeru Soekarno-Hatta IMAGES OF LAPAN-TUBSAT SATELLITE TOL KANCI- PEJAGAN


10 DRO, Design Procurement, Ground Test, Flight Test Flight Test, Aplications Aircraft modification based on S15 Long Endurance and Long Distance Hybrid Electric Power Management Control System and ATOL Structure Design and New Composite Simulator for LSA Aircraft WTT POWER OFF & POWER ON FIRST FLIGHT R & D HIGH LIFT DEVICE & WINGLET Design and Manufacturing LSA Mission Modification for S15 Aircraft Application / Operation Pre Design & Analysis LSA Autonomous System Flight Test UAV : Payload 5 kg, range 100 km, 2 hours UAV application for surveillance (Merapi, Paddy field) Flight Test LSU-03 : Payload 10 kg, range 150 km, flight endurance 2 hours. Flight Test LSU-04 : Payload 20 kg, range 250 km, flight endurance 4 hours. UAV application for other surveillance mission Data handling flight test for long distance Design, manufacturing and flight test of UAV with payload 25 kg Design of SAR data processing Medium Altitude Long Endurance UAV with SAR Payload Aeronautics Technology Development Program NATIONAL PROGRAM

11 Autonomous U A V

12 Remote Sensing Satellite Application 1.Forestry 2.Agriculture and Plantation 3.Regional Planning 4.Environmental Monitoring and Management 5.Disaster Management 6.Coastal, Mari-Culture and Fishery (the application on marine is mostly related to research purposes) 7. etc.

13 Satellite to be launched and data to be acquired by LAPAN ground station Aquisition Plan for Satellite Imagery Data in LAPAN Ground Station ( ) Data acquisition by LAPAN ground station Data to be acquired by LAPAN ground station

14 Coastal and Marine Research at LAPAN Coastal Ecosystem and Environment Sea Surface Temperature Chlorophyll Concentration Potential Fishing Zone Small and Border Islands Coral Reef Mapping Site Selection for Marine Culture Ponds Mapping Coastal Vulnerability to Sea Level Rise

15 Marine Research Institute in Indonesia Ministry of Marine and Fisheries - (KKP) Center for R&D on Marine Geology – (Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, P3GL-ESDM) Center for Oceanology Research – (LIPI) Directorate Hydro Oceanography - (Indonesian NAVY) The Agency for Geospatial Information - (BIG) The Agency for Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics - (BMKG) The National Institutes of Aeronautics and Space – (LAPAN) The Agency for Technology Assessment and Application – (BPPT)

16 Future Marine Research Activities 1.Sea Level Rise and Anomaly Assesment 2.Tidal Mapping 3.Indonesian Archipelagic Sea Lane Passage (Alur Laut Kepulauan Indonesia) 4.Updating National Bathimetry 5.Coral Reef Monitoring 6.Coastal Zone Monitoring 7.Ocean Features Studies 8.Strengthen In-Situ Ocean Data Collection 9.Develop Indonesia-Ocean Database

17 Future Marine Research Activities 10. Effects of Seasonal Changes Monitoring on Global Climate Change 11. Large-scale ocean features monitoring, such as Rossby and Kelvin waves and studying phenomena such as El Nino, La Niña, and the Pacific Decadal Oscillation 12. Ocean circulation modeling 13. Air-Sea interaction modeling 14. Upper oceans heat stored mapping 15. Improved our knowledge on Earth's gravity field 16. Integrated multi sensor Altimetry data for data assimilation to enhance the Ocean modeling 17. etc

18 LAPAN Contribution for National Initiative on Satellite Based Marine Monitoring Availability of Remote Sensing Satellite data Model and Methodology for Marine and Fishery Application Using Various Satellites Providing Satellite, Light Survellance Aircraft, Unmaned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) as well as sensors for Marine Monitoring Expertise and Researcher

19 Potential Use of Altimetry Satellite Seabed, Deep Water and Sea Surface Topographic Map Bathimetry Sea Level Rise Anomaly-Mean Sea Level of the Global Oceans, a Key Indicator of Global Climate Change Ocean Heat Distribution Map - for Studying the Evolution of Weather Pattern and Climate Changes Fisheries Management : Satellite data has the ability to identify ocean eddies as an indicator of marine food web and fishing ground Current, eddies, and winds as well circulation patterns monitoring - are important in commercial shipping routes and offshore industry: cable laying vessel and offshore oil and gas exploration (drilling rigs in deep water)

20 CLOSING REMARKS Due to the geographical condition of Indonesia, in which roughly 70% of 7.9 millions sq km are ocean area, Indonesia need a satellite based marine monitoring system. There are so many marine research activities have to be done in Indonesia in the future. To conduct that purpose, marine satellite data are requested. To realize the national initiative on satellite based marine monitoring system in Indonesia, Lapan has the capacity to support Remote Sensing Satellite data, Model and Methodology for Marine and Fishery, Application using Various Satellites, Providing Satellite, Light Survellance Aircraft, Unmaned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) as well as sensors for Marine Monitoring, Expertise and Researcher.

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