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New opportunities for Big Cities in intermediate positions between metropolitan areas connected by High Speed Rail José M.de Ureña, Universidad de Castilla-La.

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Presentation on theme: "New opportunities for Big Cities in intermediate positions between metropolitan areas connected by High Speed Rail José M.de Ureña, Universidad de Castilla-La."— Presentation transcript:

1 New opportunities for Big Cities in intermediate positions between metropolitan areas connected by High Speed Rail José M.de Ureña, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, Spain Workshop on Approaching a European High Speed Rail Network European Commission - 2011 Kiev

2 Approaching a European HSR Network J.M.de UREÑA – Big Cities in intermediate HSR positions High-speed rail initial objective -Compete/complement air transportation between metropolises 400-800 km Madrid-Coast -Two to three hours HSR travel time -Total air & HSR travel time similar -More useful time by HSR -Access to metropolitan centre -Intermediate stations in big cities and division of HSR lines Zaragoza Córdoba Valladolid New HSR lines maintaining parallel conventional rail lines

3 High-speed rail network & services - 2011 Approaching a European HSR Network J.M.de UREÑA – Big Cities in intermediate HSR positions Pure & mixed services on new HSR lines HSR network -New lines 300/350 maintaining parallel conventional lines -Upgraded lines 200 without parallel conventional lines HSR Services

4 High-speed rail infrastructure & services Pure long distance -Use only HSR infrastructure, -Most stop only in major stations, -Fare is expensive -Abundant services between major cities (15-20 day-sense) -Average speed 200-250 km/h. Mix Long Distance -Use HSR and traditional infrastructure, -Special trains change infrastructures at few places with gauge interchangers -Most stop in all stations, -Fare is slightly smaller, -Services to each final destination small (2-3 day-sense) -Less punctual (while in traditional lines). -Total average speed 170-210 km/h. -They irrigate the territory Medium Distance Pure HSR 300km/h Services Mixed HSR-Traditional Services Approaching a European HSR Network J.M.de UREÑA – Big Cities in intermediate HSR positions

5 Comparison between Air and HSR transport Approaching a European HSR Network J.M.de UREÑA – Big Cities in intermediate HSR positions

6 Idea of Big Intermediate Cities Colonia Bruselas Amsterdam Londres PARIS LILLE Lieja Amberes Roterdam Roissy 2 h 1 h 2,10 h 40 min. 38 min. Centre of Several Metropolises Passing point of inter-metropolitan Relations Near to centre of each metropolis (1 to 2 hours) Approaching a European HSR Network J.M.de UREÑA – Big Cities in intermediate HSR positions

7 Strategies of Big Intermediate Cities at 3 scales National -Reinforce their link to metropolises -Reinforce their links to inter-metropolitan relations -Reinforce the quality of high-level services -Reinforce the entrepreneurial environment Regional -Reinforce their regional central role -Compete with small cities nearness to metropolises Local -Increase the competitiveness of their city centre -Increase the urban overall quality and effectiveness Approaching a European HSR Network J.M.de UREÑA – Big Cities in intermediate HSR positions

8 Strategies of Big Intermediate Cities at 3 scales National -Reinforce their link to metropolises -Reinforce their links to inter-metropolitan relations Approaching a European HSR Network J.M.de UREÑA – Big Cities in intermediate HSR positions

9 Strategies of Big Intermediate Cities at 3 scales Regional -Reinforce their regional central role -Compete with small cities nearness to metropolises Approaching a European HSR Network J.M.de UREÑA – Big Cities in intermediate HSR positions

10 Strategies Local -City centre -Effectiveness -Interurban role Approaching a European HSR Network J.M.de UREÑA – Big Cities in intermediate HSR positions

11 Strategies Local -City centre -Effectiveness -Interurban role Juxtaposition of traditional and modern urban areas within city centres Mixture of uses, not only office but also residential, leisure, community services, etc. Public transport supply at three levels, national/international, regional and urban Use of railway land for urban purposes Signature architecture to create a modern and international image Mixture of public and private investment Approaching a European HSR Network J.M.de UREÑA – Big Cities in intermediate HSR positions

12 Activities attracted to Big Intermediate Cities Meetings of metropolitan professionals happening in a metropolis are relocated -Cuts overall travel time and requires those who previously did not travel to do so. -Everybody travels on a day-return basis. -Evidence in Lille and Zaragoza, whose HSR stations areas include meeting facilities -More likely -if companies have facilities and some executives in big intermediate cities, -of intermediate level executives. Mid-level business and consultancy firms carrying out metropolis-related work relocate -Reduce wage and office costs, while maintain close connection to metropolises -Lille shows such a tendency Increase in urban tourism and congresses -Evidences in Lille and Zaragoza, Approaching a European HSR Network J.M.de UREÑA – Big Cities in intermediate HSR positions

13 HSR at Big Intermediate Cities Only a transportation Or also a national/regional/local planning tool Publications: -Ureña, J.M., Menerault, P., Garmendia, M. (2009) The high-speed rail challenge for big intermediate cities. A national, regional and local perspective, CITIES, n. 26, pp. 266-279. -Ureña, J.M., Coronado, J.M., Escobedo, F., Ribalaygua, C. y Garmendia, M. (2006) Situaciones y retos territoriales de la Alta Velocidad Ferroviaria en España, Ciudad y Territorio-Estudios Territoriales, n. 148, pp. 397-424. Approaching a European HSR Network J.M.de UREÑA – Big Cities in intermediate HSR positions

14 Thank you Approaching a European HSR Network J.M.de UREÑA – Big Cities in intermediate HSR positions


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