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ISLAM AND MODERNITY – A SELECTIVE INFLUENCE OF CAPITALISTIC SET-UP BY DR. SOBIA TAHIR DEPARTMENT OF PHILOSOPHY GC UNIVERSITY LAHORE 30 TH MARCH 2009.

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Presentation on theme: "ISLAM AND MODERNITY – A SELECTIVE INFLUENCE OF CAPITALISTIC SET-UP BY DR. SOBIA TAHIR DEPARTMENT OF PHILOSOPHY GC UNIVERSITY LAHORE 30 TH MARCH 2009."— Presentation transcript:

1 ISLAM AND MODERNITY – A SELECTIVE INFLUENCE OF CAPITALISTIC SET-UP BY DR. SOBIA TAHIR DEPARTMENT OF PHILOSOPHY GC UNIVERSITY LAHORE 30 TH MARCH 2009

2 WHAT IS MODERNITY A complex term referring to multiple trends of thought; A complex term referring to multiple trends of thought; Started from 17 th Century and lasted till 20 th Century’s first half; Started from 17 th Century and lasted till 20 th Century’s first half; Became Markedly visible in 18 th & 19 th Centuries by Industrial Revolution; Became Markedly visible in 18 th & 19 th Centuries by Industrial Revolution; Brought Liberalism, Democracy, Capitalism, Socialism, Urbanization, Health Care, Literacy and Mass Media with it; Brought Liberalism, Democracy, Capitalism, Socialism, Urbanization, Health Care, Literacy and Mass Media with it; Mothered Imperialism, Colonial Rule, Slavery, Exploitation, Wars and Weapons. Mothered Imperialism, Colonial Rule, Slavery, Exploitation, Wars and Weapons.

3 ISLAM AND MODERNITY Muslim World welcomed Modernity warmly in the Beginning; Muslim World welcomed Modernity warmly in the Beginning; Healthy response in Iran, Turkey, Egypt, India and Indonesia; Healthy response in Iran, Turkey, Egypt, India and Indonesia; The fervour went slow after fall of the Ottoman Empire in WWI; The fervour went slow after fall of the Ottoman Empire in WWI; Then Muslim World gradually “lost faith in the culture of Science and Materialism”; Then Muslim World gradually “lost faith in the culture of Science and Materialism”; The wake of colonialism pushed Muslim World to the defensive. The wake of colonialism pushed Muslim World to the defensive.

4 ISLAM AND MODERNITY Muslim World in search of alternative Modernity; Muslim World in search of alternative Modernity; Adopted a specific approach towards Modernity; Adopted a specific approach towards Modernity; Islam being doubly divided: on the basis of sects and piecemeal adoption of Modernity; Islam being doubly divided: on the basis of sects and piecemeal adoption of Modernity; Selective approach neither purely Islamic nor strictly modern; Selective approach neither purely Islamic nor strictly modern; Similar Selective attitude towards Capitalism. Similar Selective attitude towards Capitalism.

5 WHAT IS CAPITALISM An economic system based on: An economic system based on:  Private ownership of means of production.  Open competition;  Profit motives;  Free markets; Roman Empire being the birthplace of Capitalism; Roman Empire being the birthplace of Capitalism; Has roots in Islam, flourished in Arabia by 6 th Century; Has roots in Islam, flourished in Arabia by 6 th Century; Advent of Islam in 7 th Century expanded it to Europe. Advent of Islam in 7 th Century expanded it to Europe. Tariff,Traffic, mudaraba and mufawada being the Arabic terms. Tariff,Traffic, mudaraba and mufawada being the Arabic terms.

6 WHAT IS CAPITALISM Modern Capitalism an off-shoot of mercantilism; Modern Capitalism an off-shoot of mercantilism; Flourished during the Age of Enlightenment (17 th -19 th Century); Flourished during the Age of Enlightenment (17 th -19 th Century); Various phases include Commercialism, Monopolism, Industrialization and Globalization; Various phases include Commercialism, Monopolism, Industrialization and Globalization; Led to Liberal Political movements and representative institutions; Led to Liberal Political movements and representative institutions; On of the most misinterpreted systems, a synonym of inequality and exploitation. On of the most misinterpreted systems, a synonym of inequality and exploitation.

7 ISLAM AND CAPITALISM – A Selective Approach Economically Islam quite in consonance with Capitalism. However, Muslim World accepted Capitalism Selectively; Economically Islam quite in consonance with Capitalism. However, Muslim World accepted Capitalism Selectively; Selection always based on the interests of ruling classes; Selection always based on the interests of ruling classes; Muslim World assimilated it partly (economically) and rejected liberalism and democracy; Muslim World assimilated it partly (economically) and rejected liberalism and democracy; The Selective Selection kept Muslim World backward and portrayed it anti-modernity. The Selective Selection kept Muslim World backward and portrayed it anti-modernity.

8 ISLAM AND CAPITALISM – A Selective Approach The concepts of fate and pre-ordained subsistence specifically highlighted; The concepts of fate and pre-ordained subsistence specifically highlighted; These helped to keep people impoverished and justify disparities; These helped to keep people impoverished and justify disparities; Liberal and democratic thought suppressed to safeguard dictatorship of monarchs and military regimes; Liberal and democratic thought suppressed to safeguard dictatorship of monarchs and military regimes; These portrayed as hostile, alien and threatening to Islam; These portrayed as hostile, alien and threatening to Islam; Reality being that these are threatening to Muslim rulers. Reality being that these are threatening to Muslim rulers.

9 CONCLUSION Islam in perfect harmony with Capitalism; Islam in perfect harmony with Capitalism; Islam helped it flourish and nourished it painstakingly; Islam helped it flourish and nourished it painstakingly; Regretfully rejected its ripe fruits, that is, liberal outlook and democratic institutions; Regretfully rejected its ripe fruits, that is, liberal outlook and democratic institutions; Accepted its least useful elements leading to poverty, illiteracy and backwardness; Accepted its least useful elements leading to poverty, illiteracy and backwardness; Fault lies neither with Islam nor with Capitalism rather with elite ruling class assisted by opportunist intelligentsia. Fault lies neither with Islam nor with Capitalism rather with elite ruling class assisted by opportunist intelligentsia.

10 THANK YOU


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