2Life In Ancient Rome1) Where did the Romans get a lot of their ideas from?GREECE!!!Romans studied & admired Greek statues, buildings & ideasThey borrowed & changed things to meet their own needs
3Life In Ancient Rome 2) What was Roman art like? Roman art was more realistic than Greek artRoman statues would have wrinkles, warts & other unattractive featuresRomans used arches to create vaults – curved ceilings & domes.Romans were the first to create & use concrete – a mixture of ash, line & water
4Life In Ancient Rome3) What some of Rome’s most famous concrete buildings?The Pantheon was built. to honor the Roman godsThe Pantheon was the largest domed roof of its timeThe Colosseum was built around 80 A.DThe Colosseum arena could hold about 60,000 people – that’s TWICE the number of people in Beaumont!
5Life In Ancient Rome 4) Who was Virgil? An important Roman author who got used Homer(the Greek author) as inspirationVirgil wrote the epic poem Aeneid about the Trojan prince, Aeneas & how he came to ItalyVirgil described Aeneas as the perfect Roman citizen - brave, self-controlled & loyal
6Life In Ancient Rome 5) Who was Horace? Another Roman poet who used Greek ideas in his writingHorace wrote satires – poems that made fun of human weaknessesHe also wrote odes – poems that express strong emotions about life
7Life In Ancient Rome 6) Who was Livy? A famous Roman historian He wrote the History of Rome around 10 B.C.Livy describes Rome’s rise to powerLivy greatly admired the early Romans & thought that history had a lot of moral lessons people could learn from.
8Life In Ancient Rome 7) What was Roman theater like? Based on Greek tragedies & comediesRomans really liked plays with humor in them.Roman playwrights later influenced writers in Europe & America
9Life In Ancient Rome 8) Who was Galen? A Greek doctor who brought many medical ideas to RomeGalen emphasized the importance of anatomy – the study of body structureGalen cut open dead animals * recorded his findingsDoctors studied Galen’s books & drawings for more than 1,500 years after he died
10Life In Ancient Rome 9) Who was Ptolemy? Roman scientist who lived in Alexandria, EgyptPtolemy studied the sky & mapped over 1,000 different starsHe also recorded the movement of the planets & stars & created rules to explain their movement
11Life In Ancient Rome 10) Why were Roman engineers important? Roman engineers built a HUGE system of roads & bridges to connect the empireRoman roads made travel & trade much more accessibleRoman engineers also designed aqueducts to bring fresh water to the towns & citiesRoman cities also had sewers to remove the waste people created
12Life In Ancient Rome 11) What was the city of Rome like? Most Roman cities were laid out in a square with main roads crossing at right anglesAt the city center was a Forum – an open space that served as a market & meeting placeTemples & gov’t buildings were built around the ForumRome was very crowded & people threw their garbage in the streets
13Life In Ancient Rome 12) What type of houses did the Romans live in? Most of the Roman people were poor & lived in apartment buildings made of stone &woodRoman apartments were 6 stories high & often collapsed or burned downWealthy Romans lived in large comfortable house with big rooms & beautiful gardens
14Life In Ancient Rome13) How did the Roman gov’t keep people from rioting?The Roman gov’t provided “bread & circuses”People would come to the shows for the free grain & chariot races & gladiator contestsGladiators were usually enslaved peopleGladiators were often admired, like sports stars are today.
15Life In Ancient Rome 14) What was Roman family life like? Family was very important to the RomansFamilies included parents, children, other relatives & slavesThe father was the paterfamilias - head of the householdThe father had complete control over everyone, including punishment & arranging marriages
16Life In Ancient Rome 15) Did Roman children attend school? Yes, but only wealthy Romans could afford to educated their children.Boys went to school to learn reading, writing & rhetoric – public speakingGirls stayed home & studied reading, writing & household skillsBoys were considered to be men between & were allowed to start their careers
17Life In Ancient Rome 16) What rights did women in Ancient Rome have? Women had some rights but not as many as menWealthy women had more independenceThey could own land, run businesses & sell propertyPoor women had lass freedom – they usually kept the house & helped their husbands run the family shop
18Life In Ancient Rome 17) How did the Romans treat enslaved people? For most slaves, life was miserable – they were punished for poor work or running awaySlaves often rebelledIn 73 B.C., a gladiator slave named Spartacus led 70,000 slaves against the Roman army & wonThe army finally crushed the revolt 2 years later. Spartacus was crucified with 6,000 of his followers
19Life In Ancient Rome 18) What was the religion of Rome? The ancient Romans were polytheistic – worshipped many gods & goddessesThe Greek god & goddesses were very popular in Rome – they were given Roman namesRomans honored their gods by praying & offering foodEvery Roman house had an altar for the family’s household god or goddessOther religions were allowed as long as they did not threaten the Roman gov’t
20Life In Ancient Rome19) What other ideas did Rome “borrow” from Greece?PhilosophyRomans really liked the Greece philosophy of StoicismFor Romans, Stoicism encourage them to live in a practical way.Roman Stoic philosophers urged people to participate in public affairs, civic duty & to treat enslaved people with respect