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Life In Ancient Rome Chapter 10 Section 1 Pg 461 - 468.

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Presentation on theme: "Life In Ancient Rome Chapter 10 Section 1 Pg 461 - 468."— Presentation transcript:

1 Life In Ancient Rome Chapter 10 Section 1 Pg

2 Life In Ancient Rome 1) Where did the Romans get a lot of their ideas from? GREECE!!! Romans studied & admired Greek statues, buildings & ideas They borrowed & changed things to meet their own needs

3 Life In Ancient Rome 2) What was Roman art like?
Roman art was more realistic than Greek art Roman statues would have wrinkles, warts & other unattractive features Romans used arches to create vaults – curved ceilings & domes. Romans were the first to create & use concrete – a mixture of ash, line & water

4 Life In Ancient Rome 3) What some of Rome’s most famous concrete buildings? The Pantheon was built. to honor the Roman gods The Pantheon was the largest domed roof of its time The Colosseum was built around 80 A.D The Colosseum arena could hold about 60,000 people – that’s TWICE the number of people in Beaumont!

5 Life In Ancient Rome 4) Who was Virgil?
An important Roman author who got used Homer(the Greek author) as inspiration Virgil wrote the epic poem Aeneid about the Trojan prince, Aeneas & how he came to Italy Virgil described Aeneas as the perfect Roman citizen - brave, self-controlled & loyal

6 Life In Ancient Rome 5) Who was Horace?
Another Roman poet who used Greek ideas in his writing Horace wrote satires – poems that made fun of human weaknesses He also wrote odes – poems that express strong emotions about life

7 Life In Ancient Rome 6) Who was Livy? A famous Roman historian
He wrote the History of Rome around 10 B.C. Livy describes Rome’s rise to power Livy greatly admired the early Romans & thought that history had a lot of moral lessons people could learn from.

8 Life In Ancient Rome 7) What was Roman theater like?
Based on Greek tragedies & comedies Romans really liked plays with humor in them. Roman playwrights later influenced writers in Europe & America

9 Life In Ancient Rome 8) Who was Galen?
A Greek doctor who brought many medical ideas to Rome Galen emphasized the importance of anatomy – the study of body structure Galen cut open dead animals * recorded his findings Doctors studied Galen’s books & drawings for more than 1,500 years after he died

10 Life In Ancient Rome 9) Who was Ptolemy?
Roman scientist who lived in Alexandria, Egypt Ptolemy studied the sky & mapped over 1,000 different stars He also recorded the movement of the planets & stars & created rules to explain their movement

11 Life In Ancient Rome 10) Why were Roman engineers important?
Roman engineers built a HUGE system of roads & bridges to connect the empire Roman roads made travel & trade much more accessible Roman engineers also designed aqueducts to bring fresh water to the towns & cities Roman cities also had sewers to remove the waste people created

12 Life In Ancient Rome 11) What was the city of Rome like?
Most Roman cities were laid out in a square with main roads crossing at right angles At the city center was a Forum – an open space that served as a market & meeting place Temples & gov’t buildings were built around the Forum Rome was very crowded & people threw their garbage in the streets

13 Life In Ancient Rome 12) What type of houses did the Romans live in?
Most of the Roman people were poor & lived in apartment buildings made of stone &wood Roman apartments were 6 stories high & often collapsed or burned down Wealthy Romans lived in large comfortable house with big rooms & beautiful gardens

14 Life In Ancient Rome 13) How did the Roman gov’t keep people from rioting? The Roman gov’t provided “bread & circuses” People would come to the shows for the free grain & chariot races & gladiator contests Gladiators were usually enslaved people Gladiators were often admired, like sports stars are today.

15 Life In Ancient Rome 14) What was Roman family life like?
Family was very important to the Romans Families included parents, children, other relatives & slaves The father was the paterfamilias - head of the household The father had complete control over everyone, including punishment & arranging marriages

16 Life In Ancient Rome 15) Did Roman children attend school?
Yes, but only wealthy Romans could afford to educated their children. Boys went to school to learn reading, writing & rhetoric – public speaking Girls stayed home & studied reading, writing & household skills Boys were considered to be men between & were allowed to start their careers

17 Life In Ancient Rome 16) What rights did women in Ancient Rome have?
Women had some rights but not as many as men Wealthy women had more independence They could own land, run businesses & sell property Poor women had lass freedom – they usually kept the house & helped their husbands run the family shop

18 Life In Ancient Rome 17) How did the Romans treat enslaved people?
For most slaves, life was miserable – they were punished for poor work or running away Slaves often rebelled In 73 B.C., a gladiator slave named Spartacus led 70,000 slaves against the Roman army & won The army finally crushed the revolt 2 years later. Spartacus was crucified with 6,000 of his followers

19 Life In Ancient Rome 18) What was the religion of Rome?
The ancient Romans were polytheistic – worshipped many gods & goddesses The Greek god & goddesses were very popular in Rome – they were given Roman names Romans honored their gods by praying & offering food Every Roman house had an altar for the family’s household god or goddess Other religions were allowed as long as they did not threaten the Roman gov’t

20 Life In Ancient Rome 19) What other ideas did Rome “borrow” from Greece? Philosophy Romans really liked the Greece philosophy of Stoicism For Romans, Stoicism encourage them to live in a practical way. Roman Stoic philosophers urged people to participate in public affairs, civic duty & to treat enslaved people with respect

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