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Prevalence of cigarette smoking in Northeast Pennsylvania in 2002 T Coleman* and SM Lesko Northeast Regional Cancer Institute, Scranton, PA

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Presentation on theme: "Prevalence of cigarette smoking in Northeast Pennsylvania in 2002 T Coleman* and SM Lesko Northeast Regional Cancer Institute, Scranton, PA"— Presentation transcript:

1 Prevalence of cigarette smoking in Northeast Pennsylvania in 2002 T Coleman* and SM Lesko Northeast Regional Cancer Institute, Scranton, PA *colemang2@scranton.edu ABSTRACT Tobacco is the most common preventable cause of death and disability in the US. Incidence rates for several tobacco-related cancers in Northeast Pennsylvania (NEPA) are significantly higher than the corresponding US rates. We used data from an on-going population- based study of cancer risk factors to estimate the prevalence of current cigarette smoking among adult residents of six NEPA counties. A total of 1,096 participants, identified by random digit dialing, were interviewed by telephone. Prevalence estimates were adjusted for sex and education, and 95% Confidence Intervals (CI) were calculated. The prevalence of current cigarette smoking among all adults was 27.5% (95%CI, 24.9%-30.1%). This proportion was significantly higher than 2001 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Study figures for PA and the US (24.5%, 22.7% respectively). Among men and women in NEPA, the prevalence of current smoking was 28.9% (95%CI, 24.3%-33.5%) and 26.1% (95%CI, 22.9%-29.3%), respectively. The prevalence of smoking among women was significantly higher than the US figure (20.6%). When examined by age, the prevalence of current smoking in NEPA was greatest among 30-44 year olds (40.7%, 95%CI, 35.3%- 46.1%). This proportion was significantly greater than both the PA (29.1%) and the US figures (26.4%). The high prevalence of smoking in NEPA underscores the need for more effective tobacco control efforts for adults in this six county region. Women and younger adults (30- 44 years old) are two subgroups who may particularly benefit from targeted interventions. OBJECTIVES Document prevalence of cigarette smoking in NEPA Establish baseline data for county tobacco control initiatives Explore professional and patient practices related to quitting BACKGROUND Tobacco is the most common preventable cause of death and disability in the US In NEPA, incidence rates for tobacco-related cancers are high Lung Bladder Cervix Behavioral Risk Factor Study (BRFSS) data suggest that smoking prevalence is high in several NEPA counties METHODS Population-based study Subjects: adult residents of NEPA Six Counties- Lackawanna, Luzerne, Pike, Susquehanna, Wayne, Wyoming Selected by random digit dialing Interviewed by telephone LIMITATIONS Self-reported data Limited statistical power for stratified analyses CONCLUSIONS Prevalence of cigarette smoking is high Majority of smokers would like to quit 29% of adults not asked about smoking 24.5% of smokers not advised to quit DISCUSSION The high prevalence of smoking in NEPA underscores the need for more effective tobacco control efforts for adults. Women and younger adults (ages 30-44) may particularly benefit from targeted interventions. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT This research was supported by grant number DE-FG02-98ER62592 from the U.S. Department of Energy and grants from the Lackawanna County Commission on Drug and Alcohol, and the Luzerne- Wyoming Counties Drug and Alcohol Program. This project was funded, in part, under a contract with the Pennsylvania Department of Health, Harrisburg, PA. The Department specifically disclaims responsibility for any analyses, interpretations or conclusions. RESULTS Participants interviewed in 2002, n= 1,096 34.4% male Age, range 18-93 yrs mean = 51 yrs 9.7% with { "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "ImageObject", "contentUrl": "http://images.slideplayer.com/1/259204/slides/slide_1.jpg", "name": "Prevalence of cigarette smoking in Northeast Pennsylvania in 2002 T Coleman* and SM Lesko Northeast Regional Cancer Institute, Scranton, PA *colemang2@scranton.edu ABSTRACT Tobacco is the most common preventable cause of death and disability in the US.", "description": "Incidence rates for several tobacco-related cancers in Northeast Pennsylvania (NEPA) are significantly higher than the corresponding US rates. We used data from an on-going population- based study of cancer risk factors to estimate the prevalence of current cigarette smoking among adult residents of six NEPA counties. A total of 1,096 participants, identified by random digit dialing, were interviewed by telephone. Prevalence estimates were adjusted for sex and education, and 95% Confidence Intervals (CI) were calculated. The prevalence of current cigarette smoking among all adults was 27.5% (95%CI, 24.9%-30.1%). This proportion was significantly higher than 2001 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Study figures for PA and the US (24.5%, 22.7% respectively). Among men and women in NEPA, the prevalence of current smoking was 28.9% (95%CI, 24.3%-33.5%) and 26.1% (95%CI, 22.9%-29.3%), respectively. The prevalence of smoking among women was significantly higher than the US figure (20.6%). When examined by age, the prevalence of current smoking in NEPA was greatest among 30-44 year olds (40.7%, 95%CI, 35.3%- 46.1%). This proportion was significantly greater than both the PA (29.1%) and the US figures (26.4%). The high prevalence of smoking in NEPA underscores the need for more effective tobacco control efforts for adults in this six county region. Women and younger adults (30- 44 years old) are two subgroups who may particularly benefit from targeted interventions. OBJECTIVES Document prevalence of cigarette smoking in NEPA Establish baseline data for county tobacco control initiatives Explore professional and patient practices related to quitting BACKGROUND Tobacco is the most common preventable cause of death and disability in the US In NEPA, incidence rates for tobacco-related cancers are high Lung Bladder Cervix Behavioral Risk Factor Study (BRFSS) data suggest that smoking prevalence is high in several NEPA counties METHODS Population-based study Subjects: adult residents of NEPA Six Counties- Lackawanna, Luzerne, Pike, Susquehanna, Wayne, Wyoming Selected by random digit dialing Interviewed by telephone LIMITATIONS Self-reported data Limited statistical power for stratified analyses CONCLUSIONS Prevalence of cigarette smoking is high Majority of smokers would like to quit 29% of adults not asked about smoking 24.5% of smokers not advised to quit DISCUSSION The high prevalence of smoking in NEPA underscores the need for more effective tobacco control efforts for adults. Women and younger adults (ages 30-44) may particularly benefit from targeted interventions. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT This research was supported by grant number DE-FG02-98ER62592 from the U.S. Department of Energy and grants from the Lackawanna County Commission on Drug and Alcohol, and the Luzerne- Wyoming Counties Drug and Alcohol Program. This project was funded, in part, under a contract with the Pennsylvania Department of Health, Harrisburg, PA. The Department specifically disclaims responsibility for any analyses, interpretations or conclusions. RESULTS Participants interviewed in 2002, n= 1,096 34.4% male Age, range 18-93 yrs mean = 51 yrs 9.7% with


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