2 Reading Focus Political knowledge Age and political knowledge Media (tv/internet) & political knowledgeDefinition of governmentFunctions of governmentPoliticsPolicymaking/public policy
3 1.) Why political knowledge? Civic tolerance – understanding/debating othersFind policies important to youEncourage participation
4 2.) Participating in Political Process Figures 1.1, 1.2, and 1.3 (age and politics)Years with presidential elections?Are you more likely to benefit?Why/why not?Examples??Old age = medicareYouth = voting age (26th amendment, 18 years to vote)
5 3.) 1960s and 1970s Could not avoid political events/coverage - why? Major networks had extensive coverage in the pastToday – MORE channels! Just change the channel.
6 4.) Effects of cable t.v./internet More choices available (especially online)Can be an opportunity and challengeHow?
7 5.) What is Government?Gov’t: the INSTITUTIONS that make decisions for a societyInstitutions include: Congress, president, courts, and the bureaucracy
8 Two Themes How should we govern? What should gov’t do? Democracy SCOPE of governmentToo much, too little, just enough
9 6.) 5 main functions Nat’l defense Public services Preserve order Education (socialize the young)Collect taxes
10 7.) Harold Lasswell Definition of POLITICS Who gets what, when and how.
11 7.) Lasswell Defined Who: voters, candidates, groups, and parties What: benefits and burdensHow: political participation (most common form is _________) guesses??8.) Inevitably…there will be winners and losersGet what you want or NOT!
12 9.) Policymaking System Who does it start with? How does it get from the start to finish
13 10.) Policy and Impact Table 1.1 in book (page 12) 5 important policy actions to knowIMPACT: do the policy actions actually work?? Was the goal achieved?Civil Rights Act of 1964/Voting Rights Act of 1965Eisenhower sending federal troops to Little RockBrown vs. Board of Education
14 Issues Obama Addressed in Inaugural Speech PovertyEconomic RecoverySafetyProtecting natural resources/Climate changeSustainable resourcesHelp people take risks (aid for people)